Go West, Young Man!. Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny.
Go West, Young Man!
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico. The phrase was first employed by John L. O’Sullivan in an article on the annexation of Texas.
The Oregon Trail migration
Known as the Oregon-California Trail, is one of the most important events in American History.
The Oregon-California trail was a 2,170 mile route from Missouri to Oregon and California.
The first emigrants to make the trip were Marcus and Narcissa Whitman who made the trip in 1836.
In the early Spring, emigrant campers would leave Independence, Missouri.
As their traveling progressed, most realized they had over packed and were forced to lighten their loads by throwing things overboard. Because of the heavy loads, many were forced to walk the 2,170 mile journey instead of ride in the wagon.
Problems going west
Run over by the wagons
Accidental gun shots from people.
The final third of the trail was the most difficult and had to be done with expediency.
Bodies were usually left on the side of the road or buried in shallow graves which allowed animals to dig them up and scatter their bones along the trail
Misconception along the trails
One common misconception about the travelers journey is that the biggest danger was the Indians or Native Americans.
The Native Americans were actually friendly more often than not.
Encounters most often involved simple trades.
Most Notable Massacre
In the spring of 1846, a group of nearly 90 emigrants left Illinois, and headed west.
Led by brothers Jacob and George Donner, the group attempted to take a new and supposedly shorter route to California.
They encountered rough terrain and numerous delays, and eventually became trapped by heavy snowfall high in the Sierra Nevada Mountains.
Reduced to cannibalism to survive through the winter, only half of the original group reached California the following year.
The Texas Revolution was a war between Texas and Mexico. Texas wanted freedom.
The actual war started on October 2, 1835 in Gonzales, Texas. The Battle of Gonzales was the starting battle of the Revolution.
There were many battles in the war and Texas finally won the war on April 21, 1836 after capturing much of the Mexican army and their leader, Santa Anna.
Remember the Alamo!!
The Alamo began as a Spanish mission named San Antonio de Valero.
The Alamo has been occupied by Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States of America and the United States of America
The exact number of Texians (not a typo!) who died at the Alamo is unknown. Numbers range from 150-250.
It is believed around 600 Mexican soldiers were killed and wounded.
The battle for the Alamo lasted from February 23–March 6.
A band of 32 volunteers from Gonzales came to the aid of those already defending the Alamo.
William B. Travis was the commander of the Alamo
Jim Bowie and David Crockett were killed defending Alamo
Causes of Texas Revolution
The Settlers were Culturally American, not Mexican
The Slavery Issue
The abolishment of the 1824 constitution
Chaos in Mexico City
Economic ties with the USA
Effects of the Texas Revolution
One major effect of the Texas revolution was the independence of Texas although it was annexed into the United States later.
Increased tension between North and South over slavery
Leading causes of the Mexican War
The Boundary Dispute
The California Question
Monetary Claims against Mexico
The United States and Mexico disagreed over the border between the countries.
Mexico never recognized Texas as a separate territory, and the United States wanted Texas as a U.S. territory.
In May, 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico.
Effects of the Mexican-American War
The first effect of the Mexican-American War was the territorial gains made by the United States.
Internal dispute of slavery in the U.S.
Last effect of the Mexican-American War involved the former Mexican citizens who lived in the territories ceded by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to the U.S.
Created by David Wilmot, 1846
It stated, “as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico.... neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”
After further arguments over slavery in the new territories of New Mexico and California, there were several attempts at compromising.
The one that succeeded, however, was the Compromise of 1850, which was originally thought of by Henry Clay.
This compromise consisted of four parts.
First, California would be a free state.
Second, the other western territories would vote over slavery.
Third, slave trade was stopped in Washington D.C.
Finally, the Fugitive Slave Act was enacted.
Conclusion-Benefit vs. Hurt
Benefit-it gained massive amounts of territory, which was the equivalent of 66% of the U.S. before the reception of the territory.
Hurt- the aftermath of the war led to the disruptions in Congress and the build up of hatred between the North and South for each had a specific stance when it came to the problem/practice of slavery.