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Strengths and Weakness of Public and Private Universities - A View from Japan -. Kintomo Takakura, M.D., Ph.D. President Tokyo Women ’ s Medical University. Population Japan. 2003 127,619 thousand Male 62,304 Female 65,315 2007 127,741 (Peak). Number of Schools (2004). (x 1000).

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Strengths and weakness of public and private universities a view from japan l.jpg

Strengths and Weakness of Public and Private Universities- A View from Japan -

Kintomo Takakura, M.D., Ph.D.

President

Tokyo Women’s Medical University


Population japan l.jpg
Population Japan

2003 127,619 thousand

Male 62,304

Female 65,315

2007 127,741 (Peak)






Post graduate school 2004 number of students l.jpg
Post-graduate School (2004)Number of Students


University l.jpg
University

Public

National

The Univ. of Tokyo

Kyoto Univ. etc.

Local Governmental

Metropolitan Univ. of Tokyo

Osaka City Univ. etc.

Private

Waseda Univ.

Keio Univ.


The univ of tokyo national l.jpg
THE UNIV. OF TOKYONational

Established in 1877

Faculty 10

Institute 16

Students

Undergraduate 15,074

Graduate 13,185


Waseda univ private l.jpg
WASEDA UNIV. Private

Established in 1882

Faculty 10

Students

Undergraduate 45,334

Graduate 7,273


Tokyo women s medical university twmu private l.jpg
TOKYO WOMEN’S MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (TWMU) Private

Established in 1900

Faculty 2

Students

Medicine 600

Nursing 360

Post graduate 200


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TWMU

Campus 2

Hospital 5

Doctors 1200

Bed 2000

Patients (Outpatients) 7000/day

Annual Budget US$ 0.9 Bil


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Governmental Support for Univ. Management (2003)

Public (87) US$ 11.7 Bil.

Private (542) US$ 3.1 Bil.





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Research Budgetfor Science and Technology 2003


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Strengths of Public University

  • More financial Support from the government

  • Low Tuition

  • Strong historical background


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Weakness of Public University

  • Strong control by government

  • No flexibility of finance

  • Less identity of University

  • Less free arrangement of researches with private industries or enterprises


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Strengths of Private University

  • Strong identity of university

  • Independent from governmental control

  • Strong alumni consciousness

  • Free arrangement of research works and education with industries or enterprises


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Weakness of Private University

  • Weak financial support from government

  • Higher tuition

  • Three times more students than public university

  • Broad variety of the quality of students


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Change of Organization (2004)

National (Federal) University

Independent University

(Gradual Transformation)


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Conclusion

  • There are 167 public (87 national, and 80 local governmental) and 542 private universities in Japan.

  • Population of Japan is 127 million.

  • There are 624 thousand students in national, 122 thousand in local governmental and 2,062 thousand in private universities.

  • There are 244,026 students in the postgraduate schools in universities.

  • Financial support from the Government in 2004 was 11.7 billion US dollars to 87 national and 3.1 billion to 542 private universities.


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Conclusion

  • Examples of national (the Univ. of Tokyo) and private universities (Waseda University and our Tokyo Women’s Medical University) were introduced.

  • There were 284,000 researchers in 2003. The total budget of researches for science and technology in 2003 was 168 billion US dollars.

  • Government has decided to reform the system of national university to financially independent universities, similar to private universities in 2004. And the financial support from the government will decrease gradually in the coming years.


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