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Strengths and Weakness of Public and Private Universities - A View from Japan -. Kintomo Takakura, M.D., Ph.D. President Tokyo Women ’ s Medical University. Population Japan. 2003127,619 thousand Male62,304 Female65,315 2007127,741(Peak). Number of Schools (2004). (x 1000).

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Strengths and weakness of public and private universities a view from japan l.jpg

Strengths and Weakness of Public and Private Universities- A View from Japan -

Kintomo Takakura, M.D., Ph.D.

President

Tokyo Women’s Medical University


Population japan l.jpg

Population Japan

2003127,619 thousand

Male62,304

Female65,315

2007127,741(Peak)


Number of schools 2004 l.jpg

Number of Schools (2004)

(x 1000)


University japan l.jpg

University Japan


Number of students 2004 l.jpg

Number of Students (2004)

(x 1000)


Foreign students l.jpg

Foreign Students


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Post-graduate School (2004)Number of Students


University l.jpg

University

Public

National

The Univ. of Tokyo

Kyoto Univ.etc.

Local Governmental

Metropolitan Univ. of Tokyo

Osaka City Univ.etc.

Private

Waseda Univ.

Keio Univ.


The univ of tokyo national l.jpg

THE UNIV. OF TOKYONational

Established in 1877

Faculty10

Institute16

Students

Undergraduate15,074

Graduate13,185


Waseda univ private l.jpg

WASEDA UNIV.Private

Established in 1882

Faculty10

Students

Undergraduate45,334

Graduate 7,273


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TOKYO WOMEN’S MEDICAL UNIVERSITY(TWMU) Private

Established in 1900

Faculty2

Students

Medicine600

Nursing360

Post graduate200


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TWMU

Campus 2

Hospital 5

Doctors1200

Bed2000

Patients (Outpatients)7000/day

Annual BudgetUS$ 0.9 Bil


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Governmental Support for Univ. Management (2003)

Public (87)US$11.7 Bil.

Private (542)US$ 3.1 Bil.


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Finance


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Researchers (2004)


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Research Budget


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Research Budgetfor Science and Technology 2003


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Strengths of Public University

  • More financial Support from the government

  • Low Tuition

  • Strong historical background


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Weakness of Public University

  • Strong control by government

  • No flexibility of finance

  • Less identity of University

  • Less free arrangement of researches with private industries or enterprises


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Strengths of Private University

  • Strong identity of university

  • Independent from governmental control

  • Strong alumni consciousness

  • Free arrangement of research works and education with industries or enterprises


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Weakness of Private University

  • Weak financial support from government

  • Higher tuition

  • Three times more students than public university

  • Broad variety of the quality of students


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Change of Organization (2004)

National (Federal) University

Independent University

(Gradual Transformation)


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Conclusion

  • There are 167 public (87 national, and 80 local governmental) and 542 private universities in Japan.

  • Population of Japan is 127 million.

  • There are 624 thousand students in national, 122 thousand in local governmental and 2,062 thousand in private universities.

  • There are 244,026 students in the postgraduate schools in universities.

  • Financial support from the Government in 2004 was 11.7 billion US dollars to 87 national and 3.1 billion to 542 private universities.


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Conclusion

  • Examples of national (the Univ. of Tokyo) and private universities (Waseda University and our Tokyo Women’s Medical University) were introduced.

  • There were 284,000 researchers in 2003. The total budget of researches for science and technology in 2003 was 168 billion US dollars.

  • Government has decided to reform the system of national university to financially independent universities, similar to private universities in 2004. And the financial support from the government will decrease gradually in the coming years.


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