Constitutional convention
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Who? When? Where? What? Why?. 55 delegates from states Summer 1787 Philadelphia, Penn. Political meeting To revise the Articles of Confederation. Constitutional Convention. 1. Which of these would complete the diagram?  A Alien and Sedition Acts B U.S. Constitution

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Constitutional Convention

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Constitutional convention

Who?

When?

Where?

What?

Why?

55 delegates from states

Summer 1787

Philadelphia, Penn.

Political meeting

To revise the Articles of Confederation

Constitutional Convention

1.


Constitutional convention

  • Which of these would complete the diagram? 

  • A Alien and Sedition Acts

  • B U.S. Constitution

  • C Magna Carta

  • D Declaration of Independence


Compromise

Compromise

  • Compromise – each side gives up part of something it wants in order to get something done

  • Example: you want to watch a different TV show than your brother…

  • So you do one of his chores and he lets you watch the TV show

  • Each side got something and gave up something

2 Make your own example


Constitutional compromises

Great Compromise

3/5’s Compromise

Trade Compromise

Organized Congress

Settled how to count slaves for representation in Congress

Allowed Congress to regulate trade

Constitutional Compromises

3


Virginia plan

Govt. had three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial

Congress’ two houses based on population

Virginia Plan

4


Great compromise

Virginia Plan

Large states liked it

Proposed by Edmund Randolph of Virginia

Great Compromise

5


Great compromise1

Great Compromise

  • New Jersey Plan

  • Small states liked it

  • Proposed by William Patterson of New Jersey

  • Very much like the Articles of Confederation


Great compromise2

New Jersey Plan

Congress’ one house was based on equal votes for each state

Great Compromise

6


Great compromise3

Congress has two houses

Senate / 2 per state

House of Representatives/ based on population

Three branches of government

Great Compromise

7


Constitutional convention

6. The diagram above shows the compromise that helped guarantee the ratification of the U.S. Constitution by —

A providing a plan for representation of both large and small states

B taking power away from the national government

C creating new boundaries for both large and small states

D allowing local governments to determine matters of representation


3 5 s compromise

Should slaves count toward a state’s population for taxes and representation in Congress????

Every 30,000 people get one vote in Congress

3/5’s Compromise

8


3 5 s compromise1

Northern states had fewer slaves than Southern states

North didn’t want slaves to count toward representation: less votes

North did want slaves to count toward taxes: more taxes

3/5’s Compromise

9

South

North


3 5 s compromise2

Southern states had more slaves than Northern states

South did want slaves to count toward representation: more votes

South didn’t want slaves to count toward taxes: less taxes

3/5’s Compromise

10

North

South


3 5 s compromise3

3/5’s Compromise

  • 3/5’s of slaves were counted to decide representation in Congress (South)

  • 3/5’s of slaves were counted to decide the amount of taxes owed by states (North)

11

12


Constitutional convention

  • 5. How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention settle the issue described above?

  • A Three-Fifths Compromise

  • B New Jersey Plan

  • C Virginia Plan

  • D Mason-Dixon Line


Trade compromise

Congress given power to control trade

Congress can’t stop the slave trade until 1807

North liked this part of compromise

South liked this part of compromise

Trade Compromise

13A

13B


Ratification of the constitution

It took 9 of 13 states to ratify, approve, the new Constitution

Everyone wanted unanimous (100%) ratification

Ratification of the Constitution


Federalists

Supporters of the Constitution

Alexander Hamilton

James Madison

John Jay

Wrote the Federalist Papers to show support

Federalists

14B

14A


Quiz choose the best answer

Quiz : Choose the Best Answer

  • In 1787 many of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution because of its failure to — 

  • A include a bill of rights

  • B reduce states’ rights

  • C eliminate slavery

  • D establish a foreign-trade policy


Antifederalists

Opposed ratification of the Constitution w/o the addition of a Bill of Rights

Patrick Henry

George Mason

Richard Henry Lee

Antifederalists

15B

15A


Constitutional convention

  • Anti-Federalists had many of their concerns about the U.S. Constitution satisfied through the approval of the —   

  • A Bill of Rights

  • B electoral college

  • C Three-Fifths Compromise

  • D Treaty of Paris


Ratification

12 states approved

Rhode Island refused to sign for several years, it finally signed

Ratification

16


New constitution begins

Presidential election in 1788

Washington elected unanimously (100%)

Washington & Congress take office in 1789

New Constitution Begins !

17


Bill of rights added

Federalists agreed to add a Bill of Rights to get the support of the Antifederalists.

Approved in 1791

The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights Added

18


Constitutional convention

. Patrick Henry, an Anti-Federalist, opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution mainly because he thought it did not sufficiently —

A support freedom for slaves

B criticize abuses of the monarchy

C encourage trade with foreign powers

D guarantee individual rights


Quiz choose the best answer1

Quiz : Choose the Best Answer

  • 1. In 1787 many of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution because of its failure to — 

  • A include a bill of rights

  • B reduce states’ rights

  • C eliminate slavery

  • D establish a foreign-trade policy


Constitutional convention

  •  2. Which of these would complete the diagram? 

  • A Alien and Sedition Acts

  • B U.S. Constitution

  • C Magna Carta

  • D Declaration of Independence


Constitutional convention

  • 3. Anti-Federalists had many of their concerns about the U.S. Constitution satisfied through the approval of the —   

  • A Bill of Rights

  • B electoral college

  • C Three-Fifths Compromise

  • D Treaty of Paris


Constitutional convention

  • 5. How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention settle the issue described above?

  • A Three-Fifths Compromise

  • B New Jersey Plan

  • C Virginia Plan

  • D Mason-Dixon Line


Constitutional convention

6. The diagram above shows the compromise that helped guarantee the ratification of the U.S. Constitution by —

A providing a plan for representation of both large and small states

B taking power away from the national government

C creating new boundaries for both large and small states

D allowing local governments to determine matters of representation


Constitutional convention

7. Patrick Henry, an Anti-Federalist, opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution mainly because he thought it did not sufficiently —

A support freedom for slaves

B criticize abuses of the monarchy

C encourage trade with foreign powers

D guarantee individual rights


Bonus 5

Bonus: 5 %

  • Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?


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