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Wanted—A “Just Right” Government. Wanted—A government that:. much say states power rights.

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wanted a government that
Wanted—A government that:

much

say

states

power

rights

slide3
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
slide4
“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”
slide5
“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”
slide6
“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”
slide7
“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…”
the first attempt these articles ain t workin
The First Attempt: These Articles Ain’t Workin!

central representatives

1777 President

government (x 2) Articles

independent one

slide9
A confederation is a group of

individuals united together for

a purpose.

hey this is great
Hey, This is Great!

What did people like about the

Articles of Confederation?

hey this is great1
Hey, This is Great!
  • States get to keep their power and independence
hey this is great2
Hey, This is Great!
  • States get to keep their power and independence
  • No government telling the states what to do
hey this is great3
Hey, This is Great!
  • States get to keep their power and independence.
  • No government telling the states what to do.
  • Congress had the power to create a military to protect all the states.
but wait
But Wait…

What was wrong with the

Articles of Confederation?

but wait1
But Wait…
  • Congress had no way to enforce its laws.
but wait2
But Wait…
  • Congress had no way to enforce its laws.
  • That meant states could ignore laws.
but wait3
But Wait…
  • Congress had no way to enforce its laws.
  • That meant states could ignore laws.
  • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military.
but wait4
But Wait…
  • Congress had no way to enforce its laws.
  • That meant states could ignore laws.
  • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military.
  • The Articles could only be changed if all states agreed.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation1
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

1. The Articles made a President in charge of the country.

mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation2
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)
  • States would still be independent under the Articles.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation3
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)
  • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)
  • The Articles were easy to change.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation4
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)
  • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)
  • The Articles were easy to change. (F)
  • The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation5
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)
  • States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)
  • The Articles were easy to change. (F)
  • The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress. (F)
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation6
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

5. Congress did not have the power to collect taxes.

mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation7
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)
  • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation8
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)
  • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F)
  • The Articles of Confederation created the first American government.
mini quiz 1 the articles of confederation9
Mini Quiz #1The Articles of Confederation

True or False?

  • Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)
  • Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F)
  • The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. (T)
trouble in paradise
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were _________ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

trouble in paradise1
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

trouble in paradise2
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.

trouble in paradise3
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay ______ on goods that came from other __________.

trouble in paradise4
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __________.

trouble in paradise5
Trouble in Paradise

Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __states__.

slide37
States had different needs.
    • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
slide38
States had different needs.
    • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
  • States had different sizes.
slide39
States had different needs.
    • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
  • States had different sizes.
    • Some states had many people and some states had few.
slide40
States had different needs.
    • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
  • States had different sizes.
    • Some states had many people and some states had few.
  • People had different opinions.
slide41
States had different needs.
    • For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
  • States had different sizes.
    • Some states had many people and some states had few.
  • People had different opinions.
    • Some people feared a central government while others thought a central government was necessary.
mini quiz 2 problems among states
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

1. Everybody thought the central government should have more power.

mini quiz 2 problems among states1
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

  • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)
  • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence.
mini quiz 2 problems among states2
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

  • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)
  • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)
  • Different states had different needs for government to meet.
mini quiz 2 problems among states3
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

  • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)
  • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)
  • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)
  • The states all got along with each other.
mini quiz 2 problems among states4
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

  • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)
  • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)
  • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)
  • The states all got along with each other. (F)
  • The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states.
mini quiz 2 problems among states5
Mini Quiz #2Problems Among States

True or false?

  • Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)
  • Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)
  • Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)
  • The states all got along with each other. (F)
  • The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states. (F)
articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation

New Idea

Legislative branch only

articles of confederation1
Articles of Confederation

New Idea

  • Split power between:
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial

Legislative branch only

va v nj
VA v. NJ

Populations in 1787

~ 747,000

~ 184,000

poll what do you think
Poll: What do you think?

Is it more fair for every state to have the same amount of power or for states with more people to have more power?

  • All states should have the same power
  • Larger states should have more power

Why?

preamble
Preamble

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence,promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

article
Article

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

article1
Article

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

CONGRESS

article2
Article

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

CONGRESS

House of Representatives

article3
Article

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

CONGRESS

House of Representatives

Senate

article4
Article

The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

House of Representatives

Senate

article5
Article

The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws

The President

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

House of Representatives

Senate

article6
Article

The Judicial Branch Interprets Laws

The Supreme Court

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws

The President

House of Representatives

Senate

article7
Article

The Judicial Branch Interprets Laws

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws

The President

House of Representatives

Senate

the branches
THE BRANCHES

The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws

The President

The Legislative Branch Makes Laws

The Judicial Branch Interprets Laws

House of Representatives

Senate

The Supreme Court

mini quiz 3 the three branches
Mini Quiz #3The Three Branches

Choose the correct words:

1. Congress can make/carry out laws but cannot make/carry out laws.

mini quiz 3 the three branches1
Mini Quiz #3The Three Branches

Choose the correct words:

  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can make/carry out laws but cannot make/carry out laws.
mini quiz 3 the three branches2
Mini Quiz #3The Three Branches

Choose the correct words:

  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can carry out laws but cannot make laws.
  • The courts cannot make/carry out or make/carry out laws, but they can interpret what laws mean.
mini quiz 3 the three branches3
Mini Quiz #3The Three Branches

Choose the correct words:

  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can carry out laws but cannot make laws.
  • The courts cannot make or carry out laws, but they can interpret what laws mean.
article9
Article

Did the Articles of Confederation require states to treat other states’ citizens the same as their own citizens?

YES NO

article10
Article

Did the Articles of Confederation require states to treat other states’ citizens the same as their own citizens?

NO

article12
Article

How could the Articles of Confederation be changed?

 Majority vote  Unanimous vote

article13
Article

How could the Articles of Confederation be changed?

Unanimous vote!

article15
Article

Did the Articles of Confederation require states to follow the laws Congress passed?

YES NO

article16
Article

Did the Articles of Confederation require states to follow the laws Congress passed?

NO

article18
Article

The Articles of Confederation had to be approved by all states involved!

(How many was that?)

article19
Article

The Articles of Confederation had to be approved by all states involved!

13

the amendments
The Amendments

(That means stuff they added later.)

Did they add spots?

No, silly! They added rights!

the amendments1
The Amendments
  • Freedom of speech
the amendments2
The Amendments
  • Freedom of speech
  • No cruel and unusual punishment
the amendments3
The Amendments
  • Freedom of speech
  • No cruel and unusual punishment
  • Abolish slavery
the amendments4
The Amendments
  • Freedom of speech
  • No cruel and unusual punishment
  • Abolish slavery
  • Right to vote at age 18
the amendments5
The Amendments
  • Freedom of speech
  • No cruel and unusual punishment
  • Abolish slavery
  • Right to vote at age 18
  • …And many others!
last mini quiz
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

  • Laws are made by the _____ branch.

AB

executive legislative

last mini quiz1
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

  • Laws are made by the _____ branch.

AB

executive legislative

last mini quiz2
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

2. States must treat people from other states _______.

AB

the same differently

last mini quiz3
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

2. States must treat people from other states _______.

AB

the same differently

last mini quiz4
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws.

AB

superior inferior

last mini quiz5
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws.

AB

superior inferior

last mini quiz6
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

4. Congress has _______.

AB

one chamber two chambers

last mini quiz7
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

4. Congress has _______.

AB

one chamber two chambers

last mini quiz8
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in the _______.

AB

House of Senate

Representatives

last mini quiz9
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in the _______.

AB

House of Senate

Representatives

last mini quiz10
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

6. In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives each state gets is based on its _______.

AB

Population Taxes

last mini quiz11
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

6. In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives each state gets is based on its _______.

AB

Population Taxes

last mini quiz12
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

7. The President is the head of the ____ branch.

AB

Legislative Executive

last mini quiz13
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

7. The President is the head of the ____ branch.

AB

Legislative Executive

last mini quiz14
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

8. The executive branch ______ laws.

AB

Carries out Interprets

last mini quiz15
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

8. The executive branch ______ laws.

AB

Carries out Interprets

last mini quiz16
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish ______.

AB

Justice Anarchy

last mini quiz17
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish ______.

AB

Justice Anarchy

last mini quiz18
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

10. The articles of the Constitution don’t

say anything about _____.

AB

Rights Laws

last mini quiz19
Last Mini Quiz!

Under the Constitution…

10. The articles of the Constitution don’t

say anything about _____.

AB

Rights Laws

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