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Sustainable Alternative Jet Fuels Development. Overview. APEC/Brisbane. Vicki Harrison. June 12, 2011. Is aviation the future for biofuels?. “Over the long run, the future for biofuels may be looking up” The Economist - October 28, 2010 ( http://www.economist.com/node/17358802) .

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Sustainable alternative jet fuels development

Sustainable Alternative Jet Fuels Development

Overview

APEC/Brisbane

Vicki Harrison

June 12, 2011


Is aviation the future for biofuels
Is aviation the future for biofuels?

“Over the long run, the future for biofuels may be looking up”

The Economist - October 28, 2010 (http://www.economist.com/node/17358802)

Image: The Economist


Outline

  • Why Sustainable Alternative Jet Fuels?

  • Approach

  • How progress is made

  • Certification/Qualification

  • Global coalitions / projects


Why Aviation needs biofuels…

AIR QUALITY

ENERGY

Industry Economics

Energy Security

  • Aviation Environmental goals

    • 2% per year efficiency improvement

    • Reduce health impacts of aviation

    • CO2 neutral growth by 2020 from 2005

GLOBAL CLIMATE


Why biofuels need commercial aviation…

  • - Long-term Market

    • Depend on liquid fuels

    • Demand far exceeds supply

    • Bulk purchasing agreements

  • - Approval of all possible pathways

  • - Rapid deployment

    • Existing infrastructure for drop in biofuels

    • 80% fuel to 35 locations

- Need environmental sustainability

- Well-coordinated partner


Bio feedstock

FAA Approach

Advance use of “drop-in” renewable alternative fuels

  • No compromise in safety

  • Use of public-private partnerships

  • Successful demonstration

  • Quantification of environmental impacts, costs and benefits

Jet fuel

Processing


How Progress Is Made: Public-Private Partnerships

  • Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN)

  • Mature and demonstrate promising renewable alternative jet fuels

  • 50% cost share with industry: Boeing, Honeywell, Rolls-Royce

  • Initiated in 2010

  • Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI)

  • Promote commercialization of alternative jet fuels

  • Enable information exchange and coordination among stakeholders

  • Voluntary participation

  • Formed in 2006



CAAFI Comprehensive Approach

Facilitate Deployment, Investment

Multiple “Drop-in” Solutions

GHG LCA, PM2.5 Quantification, Sustainability

ASTM D7566

  • Government-Industry-Academia Coalition

  • Addresses challenges to adoption

Certification-Qualification Team

Environmental Team

Business & Economics Team

R&D Team


Certification/Qualification of Alternative Fuels

  • Governed by ASTM International

  • New synthetic fuel specification approved Sept. 2009

  • Qualification procedure is defined & allows addition of new fuels

  • FAA and DoD are key government contributors

  • For further information:

    Mark Rumizen (FAA), [email protected]

Industry/Govt. Testing and Approval

ASTM D7566 Specification


Global Coalitions / Projects

U.S. Producers in current deployment efforts

Altair (WA)

Rentech (MS and CA)

Gevo (IL)

- Multiple U.S. Airlines

Shell - Qatar Airways Byogy - Qatar Airways

SWAFEA / AlfaBird

Solena - British Airways

Neste - Lufthansa

Amyris - Azul

BP Air - TAM

ABRABA

Solena - Qantas

Solazyme - Qantas


Discussion / Questions

CAAFI - www.caafi.org

Air Transport Association – www.airlines.org

FAA Office of Environment & Energy -

www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/apl/research/


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