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ALTERNATIVE FUELS. Current IFTA Alternative Fuels. Gasohol Ethanol Methanol Propane (LPG) Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) A-55 E-85 M-85. E-85. ETHONAL GASOLINE. MODIFIED GASOLINE ENGINE. M-85. METHONAL GASOLINE. MODIFIED GASOLINE ENGINE. A-55. Naptha

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Current ifta alternative fuels
Current IFTA Alternative Fuels

  • Gasohol

  • Ethanol

  • Methanol

  • Propane (LPG)

  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)

  • Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)

  • A-55

  • E-85

  • M-85


E-85

  • ETHONAL

  • GASOLINE

MODIFIED GASOLINE ENGINE


M-85

  • METHONAL

  • GASOLINE

MODIFIED GASOLINE ENGINE


A-55

  • Naptha

  • Water

  • Blending Agent

MODIFIED DIESEL ENGINE


By Lubrizol Corporation

WATER IMULSION

DIESEL FUEL


EMULSIFIED DIESEL FUEL

+

+

WATER

DIESEL

EMULSIFIER

=

PURINOX


Bio diesel
BIO-DIESEL

CORN OIL

VEGETABLE OIL

GREASE

Mixed with lye to separate the esters


Liquid natural gas
LIQUID NATURAL GAS

  • Lower cost to install fueling facilities

  • LNG fuel tank interchangeable with diesel fuel tank

  • Higher cost per gallon

  • LNG fuel tank and fuel is heavier



Compressed natural gas
COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS

  • Lower cost per gallon

  • Lighter fuel tanks and fuel

  • Cost of installing fueling facilities double that of an LNG facility

  • Fuel tanks are bulky and must be protected, usually placed behind the cab of the truck



DUAL FUEL

VEHICLES


Vehicle types
VEHICLE TYPES

  • DUAL FUEL VEHICLES

  • BI-FUELVEHICLES

  • HYBRID VEHICLES


Definition

DUAL FUEL Vehicles that can operate on two fuels simultaneously

GENERALLY Diesel and CNG or LNG

BI-FUEL Vehicles that operate on two fuels individually

GENERALLY Gasoline and LPG

DEFINITION

  • HYBRID Vehicles operate on two fuels simultaneously or individually

  • GENERALLY Gasoline and E-85 or M85


Fuels used
FUELS USED

  • Diesel Fuel Primary fuel used to operate the engine

  • LNG or CNG Secondary fuels introduced to reduce emissions. It can only be used in combination with diesel fuel


DUAL FUEL

MANIFOLD

DIESEL

MANIFOLD


FUEL SYSTEM

  • Starts and idles on

  • diesel

  • 160 degrees looks for

  • alternative fuel.

  • If alternative fuel is

  • available the system

  • begins injecting

  • CNG or LNG


PERCENTAGE OF FUEL

START & IDLE

100% DIESEL

AVERAGES

20 % DIESEL

80 % CNG

OR LNG

PEAK

6% DIESEL

94% CNG

OR LNG


Customer base
CUSTOMER BASE

  • Government entities

  • Private companies with government contracts

  • Private Companies interested in alternative fuel sources


INTRASTATE CARRIERS

Diesel Fuel

Tax paid when fuel is

purchased

LNG & CNG

Tax paid by carrier directly

to the Board on a return or

by purchasing Flat Rate

Stickers


DUAL FUEL & PTO

PTO Vehicles

A customer base for dual

fuel vehicles are waste

disposal companies. These

vehicles operate PTO’s and

claim refunds with the BOE

How do they claim refunds ?


Interstate carriers
INTERSTATE CARRIERS

  • Diesel Tax paid at the pump in California

  • LNG or CNG Tax paid to the BOE Cannot use California Flat Rate Sticker

  • Tax Reporting Join IFTA or buy fuel trip permits


Example of diesel and dual fuel ifta fleet

10 Diesel vehicles

Travel 100,000 miles a quarter between CA& NV

40% of those miles are in Nevada

All fuel is purchased in California

10 Dual fuel vehicles

Travel 100,000 miles a quarter between CA& NV

10% of those miles are in Nevada

All fuel is purchased in California

EXAMPLE OF DIESEL AND DUAL FUEL IFTA FLEET

How do they report?




Split fleet reporting
SPLIT FLEET REPORTING

  • Carrier must file two IFTA Reports

  • The IFTA account number is coded to identify the dual fuel fleet

  • Report an accurate fleet MPG





Challenges of alternative fuels
CHALLENGES OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS

  • Accounting for each new fuel type

  • Standardized measurement of the fuel

    (Therm vs. PSI)

  • Tax on new fuel types

  • Combination of fuels being used


The

End


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