Territory to Statehood: Oregon, Washington, and Idaho

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What it takes to become a State?. Step 1: Congress identified an area as a territory.Step 2: Territory had to have over 120,000 people.Step 3: The state had to have an acceptable state Constitution. Step 4: The State Constitution then had to be voted on by territorial voters and then approved by

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Territory to Statehood: Oregon, Washington, and Idaho

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1. Territory to Statehood: Oregon, Washington, and Idaho

2. What it takes to become a State? Step 1: Congress identified an area as a territory. Step 2: Territory had to have over 120,000 people. Step 3: The state had to have an acceptable state Constitution. Step 4: The State Constitution then had to be voted on by territorial voters and then approved by Congress.

3. Oregon Facts Oregon became a territory in 1848. It took Oregon 11 years to become a state from being designated a territory. The original Oregon territory included WA, ID, OR, and parts of Montana and Wyoming

4. Issues for Statehood The first debate was that of Slavery. (Should Oregon allow slavery). Every state entering the United States before the Civil War had to decide if they were a “Slave State” or “Free State.” Why would that be an important issue for Oregon even though they are on the opposite end of the United States from the South?

5. Slave and Free States

6. Oregon Becomes a State Voters made Oregon a “Free State.” After accepting their Constitution, they applied for statehood and on Feb. 14, 1859 Oregon became the 33rd State.

7. Washington Territory The Washington territory split from Oregon in 1853. It included WA, ID, and parts of Montana and Wyoming. In 1863, the Idaho territory was created and that made the Washington territory the shape that Washington State has today.

8. Issues for WA Statehood Washington had a hard time meeting the population requirement to become a state. This was because of several Indian Wars and a lack of railroad access. With the completion of three Transcontinental railroads in 1880 and the Klondike Gold Rush the population soon reached 300,000 by 1889

9. Washington Becomes a State On Nov. 11, 1889 with the ratification of the State Constitution Washington became the 42nd state.

10. Idaho Territory Idaho became a territory in 1863. There were many political differences between the settlers in the “panhandle” of Idaho vs. Southern Idaho. There was also still conflicts with Native Americans.

11. Idaho becomes a State Gold being discovered in the 1960’s and the Transcontinental railroad being completed also benefitted Idaho’s bid for statehood. This promoted population growth in the Idaho territory. On July 3rd, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd State.

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