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A German view of ENP Christine Normann, Ingo Schuster. A. Traditional Pillars EU policy (Ingo) B. German view on ENP (Christine) C. Remarks on ENP (Ingo). Traditional five pillars of German European Policy.

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A german view of enp christine normann ingo schuster l.jpg
A German view of ENP Christine Normann, Ingo Schuster

A. Traditional Pillars EU policy (Ingo)

B. German view on ENP (Christine)

C. Remarks on ENP (Ingo)


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Traditional five pillars of German European Policy

  • Advocating interests of small and medium member countries (consulting BENELUX countries etc.)

  • German-British relations (pulling the Isles towards the continent)

  • German-US relations (bridging the atlantic divide)

  • Advocating enlargement for new member states (Support for 2004 wave of entrants)

  • German-French relations (pushing for integration, deepening Union)


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Changing quality of traditional pillars

There is no traditional pillar that has not seen some damage during the last years:

  • BENELUX/discontinued

  • US/Iraq

  • GB/budget+Iraq+completion of internal market

  • F/constitution

  • EU-10/restrictions on movement of workers


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B. German view on ENP 1. Introduction

  • General impression

    • Strong support for the ENP

    • No proper concept on Neighbourhood Policy

  • Literature

    • No official document on Neighbourhood Policy

    • Political debate:

      • ENP mentioned very general – very specific (media)

    • Academic research interest


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Structure

1. Introduction

2. Main characteristics of the German point of view?

3. Example /Case Study: The Orange Revolution in Ukraine

4. Conclusion

Discussion: Possible cooperation within the Weimar Triangle – especially Poland


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Main characteristics of Germanpoint of view

  • Strong support for the ENP

    • Strong support for its aims and instruments

    • ENP as alternative to EU-membership (Ukraine, Moldova?)

    • Intensify relations - avoid new dividing lines

    • Extension of the European Economic Area

    • Academic critic: “Every thing but institutions”?

    • East more interesting than South (Israel, Palestine?)


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Main characteristics of Germanpoint of view ctd.

  • General enlargement fatigue

    • EU-25 + Romania + Bulgaria + Turkey? + Croatia? + other Balkan states? + … ?

    • Strong integrated EU -> need for internal consolidation

    • Externally: Stabilisation through ENP, not EU-perspective any longer

    • Historical and political definition of borders


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Main characteristics of Germanpoint of view ctd.

  • Mediterranean region

    • Less attention

    • Problems: Soft security and illegal migration

    • Business intersts

  • Eastern region

    • More attention

    • Bilateral relations with NIS

    • Ukraine: membership-question left aside

      • Preconditions

      • German-Polish approach


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Main characteristics of Germanpoint of view ctd.

  • Strategic partnership with Russia

    • Cornerstone of EU´s CFSP

    • Regular summits + Personal friendship

    • No open critique: increasingly authoritarian rule + undermined democracy


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3. Case Study: The Orange Revolution in Ukraine

  • German behaviour

    • Political and public reaction: attention and sympathy

    • Support of EU action

    • Negotiations with Russia

    • German-Polish cooperation

  • German argumentation (evaluation of the political and public debate)

    • Important contribution towards stabilisation and democracy

    • Integration of Russia into the conflict resolution

    • ENP as the right approach

    • If membership-perspective, then based on respect of values

    • Now: no overstretching of the EU, but integrated political EU


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5. Conclusion and perspectives

Strong support, no proper concept

  • Enlargement fatigue, (Ukraine, Moldova?)

  • Regional preference: Eastern not Mediterranean

  • Strategic partnership with Russia

  • Possible cooperation with Poland


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Outlook on Germany‘s role in ENP

  • enlargement no longer ”instrument” of neighbourhood policy, ENP is supported but not priority of D foreign policy

  • new pillar: Russia added as bilateral axis to growing criticism of EU-10, esp. PL (Baltic Sea oil pipeline, handling of Belarus, Russian internal affairs)

  • Turkey discussion failed to make impact in general elections, notable lack of foreign policy issues in election campaign


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4. Possible cooperation within the Weimar Triangle – especially Poland

  • Weimar Triangle:Political statement but no concrete measures

  • Germany – France

    • Common interest in stabilisation and democratisation

    • But: different regional preferences (France: Mediterranean – Germany: East)

  • Germany – Poland

    • Common interests in stabilisation and democratisation


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Germany especially Poland

Poland

Geopolitical evaluation

- Eastern partners important but not decisive for its Foreign and European Policy

- Question of destiny- Eastern region as important factor of its Foreign and Security Policy

Russia

- Russia first- political and economic partner

- Ukraine first, focus on Eastern neighbours- avoid Russian influence in the region- security issue

Ukraine: Membership perspective

- Reluctant - reason: its effect on the EU integration dynamism

- Favourable

- reason: security issue, Russia

Eastern border of EU

- strong border controls

- more open border, border cooperation

Germany – Poland: Differences


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  • German-Polish cooperations: especially Poland- During the Orange Revolution in Ukraine- “Draft elements regarding a European policy for Ukraine”, 12th of October 2004 - Among academic research institutions


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