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Mechanics and Supplies. Containers. anything that holds water can be used the container should help to express the idea the designer has in mind. Containers. should add to the appearance of the arrangement should harmonize with the design and environment. Containers.

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  • anything that holds water can be used
  • the container should help to express the idea the designer has in mind.
  • should add to the appearance of the arrangement
  • should harmonize with the design and environment
  • are selected based upon characteristics such as texture, shape, size and color
  • depends largely on the material the container is made of
  • usually glass, glazed pottery, plastic, wood, metal and paper mache
  • vary according to finish
  • smooth finish usually has a fine texture
  • rough finishes usually have a more coarse texture
  • should be compatible with flowers
  • fine textured containers should be used for arrangements with roses and lilies
  • rough textured containers require coarser materials such as daisies and zinnias
  • one of the most important characteristics
  • often determines the form of the design
  • containers should have clean lines and not be highly decorated
  • highly decorated containers take away from the arrangement
  • containers in the shape of clowns or cars, etc should only be used for special occasions
  • principles of scale and proportion should be used to select the right container for the arrangement
  • size of the container must create a feeling of stability and harmony with the arrangement
  • must harmonize with the color of the flowers
  • containers that do not blend with the arrangement call attention to themselves and away from the flowers
  • blending of colors is preferable to contrasting
  • green containers that echo the foliage are commonly used
  • other commonly used colors include tan, brown, gray and white
floral foam
Floral foam
  • most commonly used material for holding the stems of flowers.
holding devices
Holding devices
  • chicken wire and needle point holders have limited used as holding devices
  • chicken wire may be used with floral foam to support heavy items in large arrangements
needlepoint holders
Needlepoint holders
  • may be used in arrangements with few flowers or where floral foam would be visible
floral foam21
Floral Foam
  • soft, absorbent, lightweight material
  • stems of the flowers take up water through the foam
floral foam22
Floral Foam
  • Oasis is the most commonly known commercial name for floral foam
floral foam23
Floral Foam
  • different densities of floral foam are available for various uses
  • foam should be thoroughly soaked with a preservative solution before use
floral foam24
Floral Foam
  • manufacturer recommends using the free-float method for soaking
free float method
Free-float method
  • place block of foam in a bucket or container filled with preservative treated water to a height greater than the foam
free float method26
Free-float method
  • as the foam absorbs water it will sink
  • when 1/4 inch of the foam remains above water the block is saturated and ready for use
free float method27
Free-float method
  • make sure the foam is thoroughly soaked
  • dry spots in the foam can cause flowers to wilt
adhesive materials
Adhesive materials
  • four types of adhesive materials are used most commonly by florists
  • used to help secure the mechanics of the arrangement
anchor tape
Anchor Tape
  • anchor tape secures floral foam to the container
  • available in 1/2 inch and 1/4 inch widths
  • 1/4 inch is preferred because it takes up less space
anchor tape30
Anchor Tape
  • available in green, white and transparent
anchor tape31
Anchor Tape
  • green tape is used on green containers
  • white tape is used on white containers
  • green tape is easier to hide in floral arrangements
stem wrap
Stem wrap
  • also called floral tape
  • waxed, stretchy tape that only sticks to itself
stem wrap33
Stem wrap
  • used primarily in corsage work to create stems for the flowers used in the corsage
  • used to hide wires or picks in dry or silk arrangements
stem wrap34
Stem wrap
  • 1/2 inch is the most common width of floral wrap used
  • sold in green and white, some other colors may also be available depending on the season
floral adhesive clay
Floral Adhesive Clay
  • sticky material similar to play dough
  • comes in a flattened strip wound into a coil with waxed paper between the layers
floral adhesive clay36
Floral Adhesive Clay
  • two common brands are “Cling” and “Sure-Stik”
  • used to fasten anchor pins or to anchor needlepoint holders
floral adhesive clay37
Floral Adhesive Clay
  • will not stick to a wet surface
  • leaves sticky mark on the surface
  • be cautious of use on expensive containers
hot glue
Hot Glue
  • used with silk flowers and with fresh flowers, especially in making wrist corsages
  • must be used with caution as the glue is very hot
cutting tools
Cutting tools
  • use tools correctly
  • practice proper maintenance for longer life of the tool
floral knives
Floral Knives
  • used for cutting stems only, never used for cutting wires
  • will dull the knife
  • knives that make a clean cut will not pinch the stems
floral knives41
Floral knives
  • keep the knife sharp you will be less likely to cut yourself
  • knife is held between the thumb and forefinger
  • cutting toward yourself at an angle
floral knives42
Floral Knives
  • do not try to cut hard woody stems with a knife.
florist shears
Florist Shears
  • can be used for cutting stems
  • can pinch stems
  • primarily used for cutting wire and ribbon
ribbon shears
Ribbon Shears
  • cutting ribbon and decorative foil
  • never use for cutting stems or wire
wire cutters
Wire cutters
  • used for cutting wires and the stems of artificial flowers that contain wire
pruning shears
Pruning shears
  • cutting heavy stems too large to be easily cut with a knife or florist shears
  • used for cutting stems up to one half inch in diameter
  • wooden and steel picks are used
  • used mainly in funeral designs, wreath making and artificial and dried arrangements
  • used to add length or support
  • attached with a pick machine
  • make it easier to insert plant material into styrofoam or other holding device.