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Review. 1) List at least 3 techniques used in propaganda 2) List at least 2 goals a government might want to accomplish with a propaganda poster 3) Describe one propaganda poster that was discussed yesterday. List the: country of origin the technique used the goal of the poster.

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Review

  • 1) List at least 3 techniques used in propaganda

  • 2) List at least 2 goals a government might want to accomplish with a propaganda poster

  • 3) Describe one propaganda poster that was discussed yesterday. List the:

    • country of origin

    • the technique used

    • the goal of the poster


Causes of America’s entrance into WWI


Neutrality

  • In the beginning the United States wanted to remain neutral.

  • Wilson issues declaration of neutrality in 1914.


Neutrality

  • Why did Wilson not want the U.S. to be involved in the war?


What pulled America into the War

  • Unrestricted submarine warfare

  • The sinking of the Lusitania

  • Sussex Pledge is broken

  • The Zimmerman Telegram


Unrestricted Submarine (u-boat) warfare

  • Germany would begin sinking ships without warning

    • In the Atlantic, around Britain


Captured German U-boat in a British dry dock


The Sinking of the Lusitania

  • British passenger liner that set sail from New York carrying American citizens.

  • It was sunk without warning on May 7, 1915 off the coast of Ireland


The Sinking of the Lusitania

  • Over 1,100 died; 120+ were US citizens

  • Germans claimed the Lusitania was carrying contraband (war materials: guns, ammunition…)

    • They were right!


The Sinking of the Lusitania


United States Navy War Propaganda Poster


RESULT of the Sinking of the Lusitania

  • Germany, despite promises, sunk another ship – The Sussex, killing 2 Americans

  • President Wilson protested and Germany issued the Sussex Pledge

    • passenger ships won’t be targeted

    • Merchant ships wont be either, unless presence of weapons is established


Sussex Pledge

  • The Sussex Pledge broken: February 1, 1917 Germany continued unrestricted submarine warfare


Zimmermann Telegram

  • March 1917 The Zimmermann telegram released

  • If the U.S. entered War against Central Powers, Mexico should attack the U.S. and receive as a reward: Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.

  • How do you think Americans felt about this?


Zimmermann Telegram

  • Why would Germany want the U.S. to remain neutral?


Zimmermann Telegram


Zimmermann Telegram


America Declares War

  • April 2, 1917

    • President Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war

  • April 6, 1917 Congress declares war!!


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