The emergence of free black communities
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The Emergence of Free Black Communities. 5.3. Free Black Communities. A fter the Revolutionary War in the North and upper South many cities had a growing free black population As theses communities acquired wealth and education they established institutions that shaped African American life.

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Free black communities
Free Black Communities

  • After the Revolutionary War in the North and upper South many cities had a growing free black population

  • As theses communities acquired wealth and education they established institutions that shaped African American life


Free black communities1
Free Black Communities

  • Factors that encouraged the growth of these black institutions included…

    • The knowledge that they would be considered inferior to whites and be excluded from white groups

    • The desire to perpetuate African heritage


Black societies
Black Societies

  • The earliest black institutions were mutual aid societies

  • These groups provided medical and burial expenses as well as support for widows and children

  • These institutions became self improvement groups as well and encouraged the middle class aspirations of poor African Americans


The origins of independent black churches
The Origins of Independent Black Churches

  • Black churches emerged and eventually became the core of the African American community

  • Pastors became the primary African American leaders

  • Integrated churches that resulted from the Great Awakening often treated blacks as unequal to whites and led to the emergence of black churches


The first independent black church
The First Independent Black Church

  • The first independent black churches were founded in Philadelphia by Richard Allen and Absalom Jones

  • They were former slaves who had purchased their freedom and became preachers at St. George’s Church in Philadelphia

  • They were insulted by the white preacher’s segregation within the church and formed their own congregations


The first independent black churches
The First Independent Black Churches

  • The black congregation split over differences of opinion and resulted in two black churches

  • The St. Thomas’s Episcopal church led by Jones and Mother Bethel’s church led by Allen

  • Allen’s church became the birthplace of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME)which quickly spread to other cities


The first black schools
The First Black Schools

  • Schools for African Americans, slave or free, date back to the 1700’s

  • These early schools were run by white priests, abolitionists and missionaries

  • The first African American led schools arose after the Revolution


The first black schools1
The First Black Schools

  • Philadelphia’s Mother Bethel church was the first school entirely run by African Americans

  • Threats of violence against black schools were common due to fear that an educated free black population would encourage slave revolts

  • Nevertheless, black schools continued to operate producing a growing class of literate African Americans


Assignment
Assignment

  • 1. What factors led African Americans to form their own separate institutions?

  • 2. Describe the role of mutual aide societies in the black community.

  • 3. Why did black churches split from the integrated churches of the Great Awakening?

  • 4. What were the first independent black churches to form? Describe the role of Richard Allen and Absalom Jones.

  • 5. Who ran the first schools for black students? Why were the early black schools threatened?


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