The emergence of free black communities
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The Emergence of Free Black Communities. 5.3. Free Black Communities. A fter the Revolutionary War in the North and upper South many cities had a growing free black population As theses communities acquired wealth and education they established institutions that shaped African American life.

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The Emergence of Free Black Communities

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The Emergence of Free Black Communities

5.3


Free Black Communities

  • After the Revolutionary War in the North and upper South many cities had a growing free black population

  • As theses communities acquired wealth and education they established institutions that shaped African American life


Free Black Communities

  • Factors that encouraged the growth of these black institutions included…

    • The knowledge that they would be considered inferior to whites and be excluded from white groups

    • The desire to perpetuate African heritage


Black Societies

  • The earliest black institutions were mutual aid societies

  • These groups provided medical and burial expenses as well as support for widows and children

  • These institutions became self improvement groups as well and encouraged the middle class aspirations of poor African Americans


The Origins of Independent Black Churches

  • Black churches emerged and eventually became the core of the African American community

  • Pastors became the primary African American leaders

  • Integrated churches that resulted from the Great Awakening often treated blacks as unequal to whites and led to the emergence of black churches


The First Independent Black Church

  • The first independent black churches were founded in Philadelphia by Richard Allen and Absalom Jones

  • They were former slaves who had purchased their freedom and became preachers at St. George’s Church in Philadelphia

  • They were insulted by the white preacher’s segregation within the church and formed their own congregations


The First Independent Black Churches

  • The black congregation split over differences of opinion and resulted in two black churches

  • The St. Thomas’s Episcopal church led by Jones and Mother Bethel’s church led by Allen

  • Allen’s church became the birthplace of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME)which quickly spread to other cities


The First Black Schools

  • Schools for African Americans, slave or free, date back to the 1700’s

  • These early schools were run by white priests, abolitionists and missionaries

  • The first African American led schools arose after the Revolution


The First Black Schools

  • Philadelphia’s Mother Bethel church was the first school entirely run by African Americans

  • Threats of violence against black schools were common due to fear that an educated free black population would encourage slave revolts

  • Nevertheless, black schools continued to operate producing a growing class of literate African Americans


Assignment

  • 1. What factors led African Americans to form their own separate institutions?

  • 2. Describe the role of mutual aide societies in the black community.

  • 3. Why did black churches split from the integrated churches of the Great Awakening?

  • 4. What were the first independent black churches to form? Describe the role of Richard Allen and Absalom Jones.

  • 5. Who ran the first schools for black students? Why were the early black schools threatened?


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