Accessibility: Support for OER Phase II projects. Terry McAndrew Terry@Techdis.ac.uk TW: terrymc. Outline. Identifying the problem(s) Discussing issues Finding solutions Establishing support network. Icebreaker. Form into pairs with someone you do not know well
Accessibility: Support for OER Phase II projects
Form into pairs with someone you do not know well
Decide which of you is A and which is B (if you have limited verbal communication you should be ‘A’)
A – You have no spoken or written language skills. You can ‘sign’ (not by drawing out letters). If you know Sign Language please sit on your hands!
B – you have 30 seconds to discover A’s mother’s first name.
Courtesy of www.a6training.co.uk
Without any adjustments or forewarning, learning experiences or assessments can leave students completely stuck, disabled students even more so.
How did it feel?
If the ‘A’s had been forewarned of this activity, they could have prepared better or created assistive aids/resources.
What could they have done to prepare? What assistive aids could they have used?
disabled people are seen as a problem. They should change their behaviour to fit with society, perhaps with tools. Disability is defined by functional (medical) deficiency.
developed by disabled - a disability is caused by the way society is organised and the barriers this creates. This discriminates against, and excludes, people with impairments.
You are dyslexic so we’ll supply you with software X. You are visually impaired so you get software Y. We can’t afford many licences but you can borrow a laptop or work in Resource Room R11
Free and open source resources are promoted to all learners; these offer support anywhere to anyone. If you need more support we’ll top up with commercial tools. All texts are available in electronic format via an e-library
You are dyslexic or hearing impaired so we’ll pay for a scribe to take notes for you in lectures. We can’t guarantee they’ll know the subject, understand the topic or even spell the terms to make sensible notes, but at least we’ve met our duty to support you.
All tutor notes / presentations etc for all lessons are available on the learning platform. You can choose to print them out beforehand or afterwards. We use lectures to consolidate understanding rather than practice speedwriting…
Activity 1: The Negative Brainstorm
Working in teams - You have to ensure your project output is inaccessible to as many groups as possible
Identify group (disability, role, ethnic group etc.)
Identify what you can do for each to ensure product is really useless (bonus for subtlety)
Don’t worry about being offensive – no holds barred and as many categories of users as possible
Activity 2: The Reverse Brainstorm
Working in teams - You have to fix the problems developed by the previous team’s effort
What are your solutions?
What do you need (generic) to fix the problem?
How can you obtain it?
What can you do to help other projects with similar problems before they finish?
Activity 3: Discussion
Risk Reduction Approach
Risk Reduction approach to reduce your legal exposure AND make better learning experience.
Face issues, consider scenarios (user types)
Celebrate strengths, Signpost issues for users (adopters, adapters and students) and the E&S programme
‘Backoffice’ must also be accessible
Risk Reduction Approach
Celebrate ignorance with collaboration: Be unafraid to share your ignorance and well as your strengths.
Document decisions (compromises) in your logs (quality, sustainability, evaluation etc.) Include blog reflections.
Active engagement in accessibility improves usability and flexibility
We believe it is best practice to take a holistic approach to accessibility
Do not be afraid to add value in different ways for different learners – everybody doesn’t have to access the same information in the same way, as long as the learning outcomes are met and the experience is broadly equivalent.
Broadening the range of what is offered will increase accessibility overall, despite specific barriers that may arise.
Phase 1 E&S Wiki has no specific action plan for accessibility in phase 2
Solutions are project specific and should show evidence of awareness of risks and have a plan to mitigate them.
Highlight issues in quality, evaluation and sustainability plans
Suggest considerations for future work
New JISCTechdis website
Launches early Feb 2011
Help us to help you and your communities
What OER can do for us
Give details of your processes, successes and failures for us to disseminate (anonymously if reqd) on your behalf.
We would like to hear about where your inclusive approach SAVED time and resources so we can share it with others
Xerte: a free, Open Source tool for creating Accessible materials (course content, library tutorials, ‘how to’ guides for catalogues or data management systems…)
Easy to use ‘Getting Started’ guides at www.techdis.ac.uk/getxerte
Have a play, create your own objects in the JISC TechDis sandbox www.techdisplayxerte.info
Sandbox accounts wiped monthly, so anything to be kept should be exported to your PC and imported again if you need to work on them again.
If you like it, install on your servers – no wiping!
Available 0.5 FTE
Items included within this presentation courtesy of Dr Simon Ball, Alistair McNaught & Techdis