Health implications from weight: High blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes. Weight Management Week 5. Health Education AdvanceMed Hanford (509) 376-3939. Review. Carbohydrates and Fiber Carbs=50% of total calories Complex carbs Fiber=About 25 grams per day Protein
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Health implications from weight: High blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes.
Fat substance (lipid) present in cell membranes, digestive acids, and hormones.
Cholesterol moves through the body in packages called “lipoproteins”.
Cholesterol is important and necessary in the body, but too much cholesterol can lead to serious health problems.
Should be 60 or higher
Should be less than 130
1 = 5 or less
Total 130 = 4.3
Total 180 = 9
Total 230 = 3.2
Thin vs. overweight
Younger vs. older
Male vs. female
Active vs. sedentary
Healthy diet vs. unhealthy diet
Adults over the age of 20 should be screened at least every 5 years.
Early detection is VERY important to proper treatment and decreased risk of heart disease.
Your health is YOUR responsibility, so if your doctor doesn’t offer the screening, ask for it.
A person with normal LDL levels (<100-130) should get no more than 300 mg of cholesterol per day.
A normal sized egg with yoke has about 215 mg of cholesterol.
Implications for the rest of the day…
Reduce intake of saturated and trans fats
Reduce dietary cholesterol (animal products)
Watch grams of cholesterol (<300 mg/day)
Increase dietary fiber (~25 gr/day)
Eat more vegetable protein, less animal protein
Watch serving sizes
A higher than normal force of blood against the artery walls over a period of time.
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension or pre-hypertension
Can cause our blood vessels become hard or inflexible (atherosclerosis).
The heart has to work much harder with atherosclerosis.
Systolic: the pressure when your heart is contracting
Diastolic: the pressure when your heart is relaxing
Normal: <120 / <80
Prehypertensive: 120-139 / 80-89
Stage 1 hypertension: 140-159 / 90-99
Stage 2 hypertension: >160 / >100
Maintain healthy weight
Medications if prescribed by doctor
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It occurs because the body doesn’t use insulin properly, a condition called insulin resistance. Over time, the cells that produce insulin cannot keep up with the body’s needs and diabetes develops.
Cell 1994 - 2005
Normal insulin responseSugar Insulin
Cell 1994 - 2005
Type 2 Diabetics response to insulinSugar Insulin