Immigrant groups. The Irish. As a result of the Napoleonic Wars, 1793-1815, most of Europe was mired down in conflict Ireland, which had been under English control since the 12 th century, fed the armies of Europe
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As a result of the Napoleonic Wars, 1793-1815, most of Europe was mired down in conflict
Ireland, which had been under English control since the 12th century, fed the armies of Europe
Farmers planted every available acre leading to temporary prosperity for even the tenant farmers
After 1815, war-inflated prices were reduced and land-lords insisted that vast fields of land lay unplanted
The peasant class was then pushed from the farmlands and forced to find work in either England or the U.S.
In 1845, a potato blight resulted in famine in Ireland
By 1850, one million Irish had died and another million sailed for the United States
Most Irish immigrants were young and literate in English
The majority were under 35 years of age
The young strong sons would be sent to make money and then help to pay the fares of the other family members in Ireland
Most Irish immigrants remained in the seaport cities of the Northeast coming into conflict with the harsh realities of industrialized cities and other immigrant groups or American poor
Economic progress was slow for the Irish immigrants
Many men worked as day laborers in construction jobs while Irish women found jobs as domestic servants or in industrial factories
Eventually Irish saloon owners and boardinghouses were opened in Irish sections of Northeastern cities
The Roman Catholicism of the Irish became the cornerstone of the social community
Most other American ethnic groups were Protestant
Throughout the 1800s the poor Irish worked within community parishes to raise money and build parish schools for their children
The Catholic school system in America is due in large part to the consorted efforts of the Irish immigrants to separate their children from the teachings of and the prejudice from the Protestant establishment in the U.S.