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Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II (SSWH16-18) (SSUSH19). Long Term Causes of World War I. Balkan Nationalism Entangled Alliances Militarism Imperialism. 1. Balkan Nationalism. 2. Entangled Alliances. 3. Militarism.

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Georgia high school graduation test tutorial

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial

World History from

World War I to World War II (SSWH16-18) (SSUSH19)


Long term causes of world war i
Long Term Causes of World War I

Balkan Nationalism

Entangled Alliances

Militarism

Imperialism




3 militarism
3. Militarism

  • Arms races between nations

  • Built up to intimidate other nations

  • Russian army had over 1,000,000

  • Germany and France had 900,000 each





Schlieffen plan
Schlieffen Plan

Knock France out

of the war quickly

so could concentrate

on the Eastern Front

Invasion of neutral

Belgium brought Britain

into the war


2 front war
2-Front War

Western Front

Germany

v

France (& Italy)

Eastern Front

Germany

(& Austria)

V

Russia


Conditions on the front in wwi
Conditions on the Front in WWI

New Weapons Utilized

  • Machine Guns

  • Poison gas

  • Tanks

  • Airplanes (Dog Fights)

    Trench Warfare

  • “No Man’s Land”

  • Disease and influenza


Us neutrality
US Neutrality

Official position until 1917

Wilson reelection slogan – “He kept us out of war.”

Split American sympathies


Unrestricted submarine warfare
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

Sinking ships without warning

Lusitania - May 7, 1915

Sussex Pledge


Us entry into wwi
US Entry into WWI

April 6, 1917

Germany’s resumption

of unrestricted

submarine warfare

Zimmerman Telegram

“The world must be made safe for democracy.”


Russian revolution
Russian Revolution

February 1917

Overthrow of Czar Nicholas II

Removed opposition to supporting a side that included an autocratic dictatorship


War propoganda
War Propoganda


Effects of world war i
Effects of World War I

Treaty of Versailles

-Establishment of League of Nations

-German reparations

-War Guilt Clause



Wwi end of empires
WWI - End of Empires

  • Hapsburg Dynasty (Germany & Austria)

  • Romanov’s

    (Russian Czars)

  • Ottoman Empire

    (Middle East)

Family of Czar Nicholas II –last of the Romanov Rulers of Russia


The russian revolution
The Russian Revolution

  • 1917—Workers revolt against the Czar --Bolsheviks take over Russia and begin a socialist system under Vladimir Lenin. Allied countries (Great Britain, France, Japan and the United States) send troops to support anti-communist forces, but communist forces eventually prevail.


The soviet union
The Soviet Union

  • 1922 --Lenin establishes the Soviet Union (USSR)


The rise of joseph stalin
The Rise of Joseph Stalin

  • 1924—Lenin dies– Several leaders struggle for power including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin.

  • Eventually, Stalin seizes power and becomes a dictator over USSR—imposing a totalitarian state.

  • He begins a Five Year Plan to increase industrialization and collectivize agriculture in the Soviet Union.


The red scare
The Red Scare

  • After the Russian Revolution, fear of a similar revolution in the United States by communists from Russia led to a period known as the Red Scare.

  • Attempted assassinations of Attorney General Mitchell Palmer and John D. Rockefeller led to the Palmer Raids—in which suspected communists were arrested and more than 500 immigrants deported.

  • This led to increase fear of immigrants and restrictions on immigration were passed by Congress.


New leaders emerge
New Leaders Emerge

  • In Italy, a new fascist government emerged in 1922 under Benito Mussolini. He rose to power using propaganda, brutality, and intimidation—promoting an ultra-nationalist Italy and himself as Il Duce (“the Leader”).


Fascism in germany
Fascism in Germany

  • In 1921, Adolf Hitler took control of the National Socialist German Worker’s Party—better known as the Nazis.

  • He became chancellor of Germany in 1933 and eventually claimed the title Fuhrer (guide of Germany) and established himself as dictator over the Third Reich.


Leadership in japan
Leadership in Japan

  • Japanese Emperor Hirohito began his reign in Japan in 1926. He did not exercise absolute control over the government.

  • Instead, an army general, Hideki Tojo, assumed the role of Japan’s premier –leading it through World War II.


Authoritarian government and totalitarianism
Authoritarian Government and Totalitarianism

  • Authoritarian Government is ruled by a single person or party interested in political power.

  • Totalitarianism is a government which seeks to control not only political power, but the economy, culture, and social life.

  • These governments often use terror and fear--utilizing propaganda and controlling access to information such as the press and education. (Examples: Italy, Germany, & USSR)


Aggression in asia
Aggression in Asia

  • 1931—Japan Invades Manchuria

  • Japan leaves the League of Nations

  • By 1938, Japan has control of major cities along Chinese coast


German expansion
German Expansion

  • Hitler begins rebuilding German military and marches troops into the Rhineland (lost in WWI)

  • Germany annexes Austria and claims parts of the Sudetenland

  • Great Britain and France pursue policy of appeasement—rather than challenge Hitler’s aggression

  • In 1939, Hitler invades Poland

  • Britain and France declare war on Germany—thus beginning World War II


The holocaust
The Holocaust

  • Hitler’s policy of Nazi racism targeted Jewish people and fed on European anti-semitism

  • Hitler viewed Jews as a national enemy and began implementing his Final Solution—elimination of Jewish people by sending them to concentration camps as slave laborers and then executing them in gas chambers

  • The extermination of nearly 6 million Jews, as well as Gypsies, Slavs, and other people deemed undesirable came to be known as the Holocaust


World war ii 1940
World War II --1940

  • April, 1940--Germany Invades Denmark and Norway

  • May, 1940 – Germany takes control of Belgium, Netherlands, and France

  • July-October, 1940 – Battle of Britain, German planes bomb Britain in “blitzkriegs” (night air raids).

  • British Royal Air Force help fight off German air assault and prevent invasion.


Axis powers
Axis Powers

  • 1940,Germany, Italy and Japan form an alliance known as the Axis Powers


Us neutrality before world war ii
US Neutrality before World War II

  • 1935— Neutrality Act passed by Congress to stay out of European conflicts

  • 1940 -- U.S. imposes embargo on Japan after its invasion of China

  • March, 1941– Congress passes

    Lend-Lease Act to allow President Roosevelt to send aid to Great Britain


Japan attacks pearl harbor
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

  • Dec. 7th 1941—Japan launches surprise attack on U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii


U s joins allies in world war ii
U.S. joins Allies in World War II

  • After Pearl Harbor, the U.S. declares war on Japan and joins Allies (Great Britain, USSR, and French resistance) against the Axis Powers


Domestic wartime policies of us
Domestic Wartime Policies of US

  • Roosevelt establishes War Production Board –redirecting production of civilian consumer goods to war materials

  • Revenue for funding the war was generated through withholding income tax from paychecks and selling war bonds

  • The Government began rationing of resources—such as tires and food items


Women join domestic war effort
Women join domestic war effort

  • Many women filled industrial jobs that had been held by men who were sent overseas

  • A popular symbol of these women was Rosie the Riveter


Suspicion of germans italians and japanese in u s
Suspicion of Germans, Italians and Japanese in U.S.

  • Since the U.S. was at war with these countries, suspicion of citizens with origins in Germany, Italy and Japan led to their removal to remote internment camps.


Allied powers meet at tehran
Allied Powers meet at Tehran

  • In 1943, leaders of the three major Allied Powers (Churchill—Britain, Roosevelt--US, Stalin-- USSR)

    met in the Tehran Conference to discuss plans for defeating Germany


D day
D-Day

  • At Tehran, the leaders planned an amphibious invasion of Normandy (occupied by Nazis) named Operation Overlord –headed by supreme allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower


The yalta conference
The Yalta Conference

  • Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in February, 1945 at the Yalta Conference to discuss plans of dividing up Europe anticipating the defeat of Germany

  • Germany was divided and most of Eastern Europe was controlled by the Soviet Union


The potsdam conference

The Allied leaders met after the defeat of Germany in July,1945 at the Potsdam Conference to discuss plans for defeating Japan and its unconditional surrender

President Truman (who succeeded Roosevelt after his death) learned of the successful tests of the Atomic bomb while at the conference

The Potsdam Conference


The atomic bomb
The Atomic Bomb July,1945 at the

  • Led by Robert Oppenheimer, the Manhattan Project successfully produced two Atomic bombs at Los Alamos, New Mexico (called Fat Man and Little Boy)

  • On August 6th, 1945 a B-29 bomber called the Enola Gay dropped the first Atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

  • Three days later, a second bomb exploded over Nagasaki

  • Japan surrendered on August 14th, 1945—thus ending World War II and beginning the Atomic Age


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