Ion Channels defined. Literature Grows. Early Models. KcsA K channel structures. Gulbis structure. 3 Kinds of nervous signal. AP recording. HH AP. Single Na Channels. State diagram for Na Ch. Early Models. Ion channel disease 1. Ion channel disease 2. Ionic current moving ions.
How is the internal energy in a system containing a large number of particles (N) distributed among the particles?
Ans.:there will be more particles with low energy (U) than with high
N(U) = A exp -(U/ kbT)
E is potential in volts
Moves 3Na+ out and 2K+ in per ATP.Stoichiometry of a pump