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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念. 1. 標準化與 人類文明推進. 2. 標準化與 市場經濟. 3. 標準化與 企業經營管理. 4. 標準化與企業 創新和研發能力. 8. 我國國家標準 發展體系簡介. 9. 國外標準 發展組織簡介. 5. 標準基本概念. 6. 標準化基本概念. 7. 符合性評鑑基本概念. 1. 標準基本概念 (1)– 度量衡標準概述. 度量衡為一種量測,在早期農業社會,人們對度量衡之需求,僅限於日常生活有關之長度,容量和重量的計量,主要器具為尺、斗、秤。

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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念

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5 standard

5. (Standard)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

1


5 standard

(1)

2


5 standard

(2)

  • (Products)(Process)(Services)

ISO/IEC Guide2

3


5 standard

(3)

  • ()

4


5 standard

(4)

  • ()()

NSSF

5


5 standard

(5)

6


5 standard

(6)

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5 standard

(7)

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5 standard

(8)

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5 standard

6. (Standardization)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

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5 standard

(1)

ISO/IEC Guide2

11


5 standard

()

(2)

12


5 standard

(3)

()

13


5 standard

(4)

14


5 standard

(5)

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5 standard

(6)

16


5 standard

(7)

    • ?????

    • ????

    • ??????

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5 standard

7.

(Conformity Assessment)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

18


5 standard

(1)

  • (Accreditation)

  • (Certification)

    • ()

ISO/IEC 17000: 2004

19


5 standard

(2)

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5 standard

(3)

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5 standard

(4)

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5 standard

(5)

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5 standard

8.

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

24


5 standard

(1)

  • National Standards of the R.O.CCNS

25


5 standard

(2)

    • CNS

    • CNS

    • CNS/WTO/TBT

26


5 standard

(3)

27


5 standard

(4)

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5 standard

(5)

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5 standard

(6)

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5 standard

(7)

CNS

CNS

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5 standard

(8)

32


5 standard

(9)

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5 standard

(10)

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5 standard

9.

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

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5 standard

()

()

(1)

36


5 standard

(2)ISO

    • 1906(International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC)

    • 1926(International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations, ISA)ISA1942

    • 194625

    • ISO1947223

    • ISO1951

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5 standard

(3)ISO

ISO

38


5 standard

(4)ISO

  • (2006)

    • 158

      • 103 (Member body)

      • 46 (Correspondent member)

      • 9 (Subscriber member)

    • 3,041

      • 193 (Technical Committee, TC)

      • 540 (Subcommittee, SC)

      • 2,244 (Working Group, WG)

      • 64 (Ad hoc study group)

    • (Proposal stage)(Preparatory stage)(Committee stage)(Enquiry stage)(Approval stage)(Publication stage)

39


5 standard

(5)ISO

  • (2006)

    • 16,455

      • 8.7%

      • 4.1%

      • 27.0%

      • 15.8%

      • 10.9%

      • 6.0%

      • 24.7%

      • 2.0%

      • 0.8%

      • 620,768

40


5 standard

(6)ITU

    • 1844524

    • 1864

    • 186551720(International Telegraph Union)

    • 193218651906(International Tele communication Union)

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5 standard

(7)ITU

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Standardization Sector, ITU - T)

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Radiocommunication Sector, ITU- R)

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Development Sector, ITU-D )

  • ITU-T

    • 1992

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5 standard

(8)IEC

    • (International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC)1906

    • 1948

    • 1947ISOIECISO1976ISOIECIECISO

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5 standard

(9)IEC

IEC

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5 standard

(10)CEN

    • (Comite European de Normalisation/European Committee for Normalisation, CEN)

    • (Europe Norma, EN)

45


5 standard

(11)ANSI

    • 1916(IEEE)

    • 19181019(ASME)(ASMME)(ASTM)(AIEE)(ASCE)(American Engineering Standards Committee, AESC)

    • 19668(United States of America Standards Institute, USASI)

    • 1969106ANSI

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5 standard

(12)ANSI

ANSI

47


5 standard

(13)BSI

    • (British Standards Institute, BSI

    • 1901

    • BSI

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5 standard

(14)BSI

    • (BSI British Standards)

    • BSI(BSI Management Systems)

      • ISO 9001:2000()ISO 14001()OHSAS 18001()ISO/IEC 27001()ISO/IEC 20000(IT)HACCP/ ISO 22000()BSI

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5 standard

(15)BSI

    • BSI(BSI Product Services)

      • ()

    • BSI Entropy International

      • Entropy System

50


5 standard

(16)UPnP

    • (Universal Plug and Play Forum, UPnP)UPnP

    • 19996UPnP()

    • 1999112UPnPUPnP

    • UPnP()()

    • UPnPTCP/IPUPnP

51


5 standard

(17)3GPP

    • ETSIARIBTTCTTATIGSM

    • UMTS(UMTS Forum)(Global Mobile Suppliers Association GSA)GSMGSM Association)(Universal Wireless Communication Consortium, UWCC)IPV6(Ipv6 Forum)

    • (The Third Generation Partnership Project, 3GPP)199812

    • GSMUTRA

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