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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念. 1. 標準化與 人類文明推進. 2. 標準化與 市場經濟. 3. 標準化與 企業經營管理. 4. 標準化與企業 創新和研發能力. 8. 我國國家標準 發展體系簡介. 9. 國外標準 發展組織簡介. 5. 標準基本概念. 6. 標準化基本概念. 7. 符合性評鑑基本概念. 1. 標準基本概念 (1)– 度量衡標準概述. 度量衡為一種量測,在早期農業社會,人們對度量衡之需求,僅限於日常生活有關之長度,容量和重量的計量,主要器具為尺、斗、秤。

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5 . 標準 ( Standard) 基本概念

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5. (Standard)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

1


(1)

2


(2)

  • (Products)(Process)(Services)

ISO/IEC Guide2

3


(3)

  • ()

4


(4)

  • ()()

NSSF

5


(5)

6


(6)

7


(7)

8


(8)

9


6. (Standardization)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

10


(1)

ISO/IEC Guide2

11


()

(2)

12


(3)

()

13


(4)

14


(5)

15


(6)

16


(7)

    • ?????

    • ????

    • ??????

17


7.

(Conformity Assessment)

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

18


(1)

  • (Accreditation)

  • (Certification)

    • ()

ISO/IEC 17000: 2004

19


(2)

20


(3)

21


(4)

22


(5)

23


8.

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

24


(1)

  • National Standards of the R.O.CCNS

25


(2)

    • CNS

    • CNS

    • CNS/WTO/TBT

26


(3)

27


(4)

28


(5)

29


(6)

30


(7)

CNS

CNS

31


(8)

32


(9)

33


(10)

34


9.

1.

2.

3.

4.

8.

9.

5.

6.

7.

35


()

()

(1)

36


(2)ISO

    • 1906(International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC)

    • 1926(International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations, ISA)ISA1942

    • 194625

    • ISO1947223

    • ISO1951

37


(3)ISO

ISO

38


(4)ISO

  • (2006)

    • 158

      • 103 (Member body)

      • 46 (Correspondent member)

      • 9 (Subscriber member)

    • 3,041

      • 193 (Technical Committee, TC)

      • 540 (Subcommittee, SC)

      • 2,244 (Working Group, WG)

      • 64 (Ad hoc study group)

    • (Proposal stage)(Preparatory stage)(Committee stage)(Enquiry stage)(Approval stage)(Publication stage)

39


(5)ISO

  • (2006)

    • 16,455

      • 8.7%

      • 4.1%

      • 27.0%

      • 15.8%

      • 10.9%

      • 6.0%

      • 24.7%

      • 2.0%

      • 0.8%

      • 620,768

40


(6)ITU

    • 1844524

    • 1864

    • 186551720(International Telegraph Union)

    • 193218651906(International Tele communication Union)

41


(7)ITU

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Standardization Sector, ITU - T)

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Radiocommunication Sector, ITU- R)

    • (ITU-Telecommunication Development Sector, ITU-D )

  • ITU-T

    • 1992

42


(8)IEC

    • (International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC)1906

    • 1948

    • 1947ISOIECISO1976ISOIECIECISO

43


(9)IEC

IEC

44


(10)CEN

    • (Comite European de Normalisation/European Committee for Normalisation, CEN)

    • (Europe Norma, EN)

45


(11)ANSI

    • 1916(IEEE)

    • 19181019(ASME)(ASMME)(ASTM)(AIEE)(ASCE)(American Engineering Standards Committee, AESC)

    • 19668(United States of America Standards Institute, USASI)

    • 1969106ANSI

46


(12)ANSI

ANSI

47


(13)BSI

    • (British Standards Institute, BSI

    • 1901

    • BSI

48


(14)BSI

    • (BSI British Standards)

    • BSI(BSI Management Systems)

      • ISO 9001:2000()ISO 14001()OHSAS 18001()ISO/IEC 27001()ISO/IEC 20000(IT)HACCP/ ISO 22000()BSI

49


(15)BSI

    • BSI(BSI Product Services)

      • ()

    • BSI Entropy International

      • Entropy System

50


(16)UPnP

    • (Universal Plug and Play Forum, UPnP)UPnP

    • 19996UPnP()

    • 1999112UPnPUPnP

    • UPnP()()

    • UPnPTCP/IPUPnP

51


(17)3GPP

    • ETSIARIBTTCTTATIGSM

    • UMTS(UMTS Forum)(Global Mobile Suppliers Association GSA)GSMGSM Association)(Universal Wireless Communication Consortium, UWCC)IPV6(Ipv6 Forum)

    • (The Third Generation Partnership Project, 3GPP)199812

    • GSMUTRA

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