Guidelines for Plant Pest Surveillance in Asia
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Guidelines for Plant Pest Surveillance in Asia and the Pacific Graeme Evans & Teresa McMaugh. Regional agricultural trade setting. The WTO SPS agreement Trade is constrained by deficiencies in the basic infrastructure underpinning plant health, particularly in developing countries

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Guidelines for Plant Pest Surveillance in Asia and the Pacific

Graeme Evans & Teresa McMaugh


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Regional agricultural trade setting

  • The WTO SPS agreement

  • Trade is constrained by deficiencies in the basic infrastructure underpinning plant health, particularly in developing countries

  • Many lack technical capacity and resources to:

    • survey for pests to provide baseline data on pest status;

    • accurately and rapidly identify pests;

    • database records of pests and retrieve this information;

    • detect and control invasive pests.


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OCPPO regional plant health program

  • Focuses on building pest collections

    • Arthropod pests

    • Plant diseases / pathogens

  • A capacity to survey for plant pests is critical to populate collections

  • OCPPO has been collaborating with countries of the region to build capacity to survey for plant pests.

  • A set of guidelines for surveying for plant pests in south east Asia and the Pacific was seen as a useful approach.


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Funding

  • Project is funded by two Australian government bodies:

    • ACIAR – the Australian Centre for International Research

    • RIRDC - Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation


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Overview of the Guidelines

  • PRIMARY AIM: a set of guidelines for planning a survey of crop or forest pests

    • Based on similar toolboxes for animal surveillance

    • Covering: weeds, insects and allies, plant pathogens, crops, forests

    • A Reference Group of regional and national plant pest experts were convened in Canberra, November 2004

      - the scope was finalised

      - attendees committed to volunteer case studies


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Reference group’s recommendations

  • Align with international standards and requirements, such as the IPPC ISPMs, where possible


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Reference group’s recommendations

  • Align with international standards and requirements, such as the FAO ISPMs, where possible

  • Provide clear guidance as to how to comply with the standards


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Reference Group’s recommendations

  • Align with international standards and requirements, such as the FAO ISPMs, where possible

  • Provide clear guidance as to how to comply with the standards

  • Be instructive and simple


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Reference group’s recommendations

  • Align with international standards and requirements, such as the FAO ISPMs, where possible

  • Provide clear guidance as to how to comply with the standards

  • Be instructive and simple

  • Provide ‘guidance’ rather than be a prescriptivea ‘manual’ which could be enforceable and constraining


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Reference group’s recommendations

  • Align with international standards and requirements, such as the FAO ISPMs, where possible

  • Provide clear guidance as to how to comply with the standards

  • Be instructive and simple

  • Be ‘guidance’ rather than a ‘manual’ which could be enforceable and constraining

  • That the guidelines not provide detailed information on statistics or specimen collection as this information can be found elsewhere


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Contents of the Guidelines

  • In accordance with international standard definitions, the guidelines has chapters on:

  • Designing Specific Surveys

  • Designing General surveillance plans

  • With more details in chapters on:

  • Detection surveys

  • Monitoring surveys

  • Delimiting surveys

  • Reporting the results

  • Supported with real case studies from SE Asia and the Pacific


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Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 – Specific surveys

Chapter 6 – General Surveillance

Chapter 3 – Detection surveys

Chapter 4- Monitoring surveys

Chapter 5 – Delimiting surveys

Chapter 7 – Reporting the results

Chapter layout of the guidelines


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The 21 Steps

  • The guidelines for specific surveys are set up as 21 Steps:



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1 Choose a title and determine contributors

2 Determine the purpose of the survey/surveillance: pest list, host list, early detection, pest freedom, areas of low pest prevalence, pest management, delimiting, community network reporting system.

Target pest(s) known?

Yes

No

3 Detail the pest(s) : names, lifecycle, dispersal modes, diagnostic characteristics

Are host plants involved?

Yes

4 Detail the host: name, lifecycle, distribution

No

5 Detail alternative hosts

6 Review any surveys in similar conditions, literature etc


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7 Identify the survey Area

8 Identifying the district

9 Identify type of survey Place, Field sites, Sampling sites and Sampling Points.

10 Identify how sites will be chosen

Need a statistical approach?

No

Yes

11 Calculate sample sizes

12 Determine the timing for survey


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13 What data to collect

14 Methods of collecting pest specimens

15 Data storage

16 People involved

17 Obtain permission to visit sites and any permits required

18 Perform a pilot survey

19 Perform survey: collect raw data and samples

20 Analyse data

  • 21 Report results


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Availability

  • The final draft has been completed and is being edited by the funding body, ACIAR

  • The guidelines are to be translated in Thai, Vietnamese and Bahasa in CD format

  • ACIAR will publish and distribute the guidelines

  • The guidelines will be made freely available to people in developing countries (and also to anyone on the first distribution list)


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