Emergency response teams
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Emergency Response Teams. Ron Scholtz- CHMM, REA Analog Devices, Inc. October 7, 2003. Why Emergency Response Teams?. ERT has been a part of the semiconductor industry for many years Local ordinances require that facilities which use toxic gases must have an on-site emergency response team

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Emergency response teams

Emergency Response Teams

Ron Scholtz- CHMM, REA

Analog Devices, Inc.

October 7, 2003


Why emergency response teams

Why Emergency Response Teams?

  • ERT has been a part of the semiconductor industry for many years

  • Local ordinances require that facilities which use toxic gases must have an on-site emergency response team

  • Hazardous waste generator activities trigger OSHA Hazwoper requirements (29 CFR)

  • Local fire departments want to have on-site expertise due to the complex nature of semiconductor fabrication facilities

  • On-site capability gives a fast and effective response. Minimizes health and safety issues for employees and surrounding community. Also limits damage to property and interruption of business


Team structure

Team Structure

  • Initial 40 hour training- Chemical spill clean-up, personal protective equipment, fire control, medical and first aid, incident command system

  • 24 hour refresher training annually

  • Annual medical exam

  • Some facilities with limited chemical use have Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERT) only

  • Some companies maintain full time ERT members

  • Most ERT are made up of volunteers

  • Team sizes can vary, but for a Level A or B entry a minimum of 5 must be present

  • Compensation varies- pay differentials, lunches, spot awards, sports wear


Pre planning

Pre-Planning

  • Quarterly drills

  • Annual plant evacuation drills for employees

  • Annual fire department drills

  • Monthly emergency equipment inspections

  • Plant walkthroughs by ERT and fire department

  • Alarm and shutdown location binders

  • Building evacuation sweep maps

  • Written contingency plan

  • Incident command system


Emergency equipment

Spill “Crash” Cart

Decontamination station- pools, hoses, brushes

Storm drain protection mats

Spill absorbents

Spill neutralizers

Monitoring equipment- O2/LEL, toxic gas

Detection kits- pH paper, “spillfyter” strips

Tools

Wind direction meter

First aid kits

Blood pressure cuff

Oxygen

Biohazard clean-up kits

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

Level A Suits

Level B Suits

Gloves and foot protection

Hard hats

Material Safety Data Sheets

Contingency Plan

Emergency Equipment


Typical response

Typical Response

  • Emergency number is called

  • ERT are paged to a predetermined location

  • Incident command is established

  • Assessment of emergency is made

  • If necessary, area or building is evacuated

  • Response plan is formulated

  • Cold, warm, and hot zones established

  • Agency notifications determined

  • Decontamination station established

  • Entry teams enter hot zone

  • Emergency is addressed

  • Emergency equipment replenished

  • Post emergency critique

  • Follow-up reports to agencies


When to call for the fire department

When to Call for the Fire Department?

  • Medical emergency requiring ambulance

  • Fire- no matter the size

  • Gas release that leaves the property

  • Gas release that injures employees

  • Chemical spill outside secondary containment

  • Chemical spill into a storm drain

  • Reportable quantity (RQ) releases

  • Building evacuations

  • Possible terrorist situation

  • When you are not sure, call anyway. Better safe than sorry!


Fire department comfort level

Fire Department “Comfort Level”

  • There is an incident commander established

  • The affected areas have been evacuated

  • The cause of the emergency is known

  • There are adequate ERT available

  • The ERT are following proper protocol- PPE, decon stations

  • The fire department may elect to step back and let the ERT handle the situation

  • The fire department may choose a joint response

  • The fire department may pull the ERT completely out

  • No matter what, the fire department is in charge upon arrival and their instructions must be followed to the “T”!


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