China s communist revolution 1946 1949
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China’s Communist Revolution 1946-1949. Political Changes under Mao. Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) Chairman Mao – and leader of China – 1949-1976. Mao Zedong 毛泽东. Reasons for Mao/Communists’ Success. Mao won support of peasants Mao won support of women Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics

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China’s Communist Revolution 1946-1949

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China s communist revolution 1946 1949

China’s Communist Revolution 1946-1949


Political changes under mao

Political Changes under Mao

  • Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong)

    • Chairman Mao –and leader of China – 1949-1976

Mao Zedong毛泽东


Reasons for mao communists success

Reasons for Mao/Communists’ Success

  • Mao won support of peasants

  • Mao won support of women

  • Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics

  • Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt

  • Many felt that the Nationalist allowed foreigners to dominate China


Geographical changes

Geographical Changes

  • Communist China gained control over:

PRC = People’s Republic of China (Communists) / ROC = Republic of China (Nationalists)


Economic changes under mao

Economic Changes under Mao

  • First Five-Year Plan (1953-1957)

    • Advances in agriculture and coal, electricity, iron, and steel production

  • Second Five-Year Plan (1958-1962)

    • “Great Leap Forward” *Backward*

    • Leading industrial country

    • Communes

    • Widespread catastrophe – famine – at least 14,000,000 deaths

Propaganda Poster for the Great Leap Forward


Foreign relations

Foreign Relations

  • Russia (Soviet Union) and China are allies when Mao comes to power

    • Split begins between USSR and China due to a territorial disagreement.

      1960 – end of Soviet economic aid

  • China supported Communist efforts in Korea and Vietnam (US Supported Democracy in both Wars)


Cultural revolution 1966 1969

Cultural Revolution (1966-1969)

  • “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution”

    • Effort to revive interest in Mao’s ideas (and for Mao to regain power)

    • Call for youths to engage in post-revolutionary class warfare

    • Red Guards enforce equality


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