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China’s Communist Revolution 1946-1949. Political Changes under Mao. Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) Chairman Mao – and leader of China – 1949-1976. Mao Zedong 毛泽东. Reasons for Mao/Communists’ Success. Mao won support of peasants Mao won support of women Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics

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political changes under mao
Political Changes under Mao
  • Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong)
    • Chairman Mao –and leader of China – 1949-1976

Mao Zedong毛泽东

reasons for mao communists success
Reasons for Mao/Communists’ Success
  • Mao won support of peasants
  • Mao won support of women
  • Mao’s army used guerilla war tactics
  • Many saw the Nationalist government as corrupt
  • Many felt that the Nationalist allowed foreigners to dominate China
geographical changes
Geographical Changes
  • Communist China gained control over:

PRC = People’s Republic of China (Communists) / ROC = Republic of China (Nationalists)

economic changes under mao
Economic Changes under Mao
  • First Five-Year Plan (1953-1957)
    • Advances in agriculture and coal, electricity, iron, and steel production
  • Second Five-Year Plan (1958-1962)
    • “Great Leap Forward” *Backward*
    • Leading industrial country
    • Communes
    • Widespread catastrophe – famine – at least 14,000,000 deaths

Propaganda Poster for the Great Leap Forward

foreign relations
Foreign Relations
  • Russia (Soviet Union) and China are allies when Mao comes to power
    • Split begins between USSR and China due to a territorial disagreement.

1960 – end of Soviet economic aid

  • China supported Communist efforts in Korea and Vietnam (US Supported Democracy in both Wars)
cultural revolution 1966 1969
Cultural Revolution (1966-1969)
  • “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution”
    • Effort to revive interest in Mao’s ideas (and for Mao to regain power)
    • Call for youths to engage in post-revolutionary class warfare
    • Red Guards enforce equality
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