No bellwork today!. You have the first five minutes of class to meet with your group & finish your preparation for the “Blame Game”
No bellwork today!
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You have the first five minutes of class to meet with your group & finish your preparation for the “Blame Game”
Remember to make specific references to your country’s involvement in short/long term causes, responsibility for the beginning of the war, their acts of aggression, lack of prevention of war, and historians arguments
WWI: The Three “Fronts”
English Channel – Swiss Alps (198 miles)
After declarations of war in July-August 1914, governments made their opening moves:
A-H opened fire on Serbia
Britain prepared its forces
Schlieffen Plan - Germany
Failures were followed by a “race to the sea,” which resulted in construction of trenches STALEMATE!
Russia, Austria-Hungary, Turkey
After Russia mobilized quickly, Germany had to divert troops East
Pattern Russians could defeat Austrians, but not the Germans, and Germans had to keep coming to aide of Austrians
Russia’s position worsened once Turkey joined (cut main supply route through the Dardanelles)
Bulgaria joins; Allies launch offensive
Placed heavy burden on Austrians (deploy ½ of forces)
Turkey & Middle East Fronts
Allies attempt to force Turkish surrender aide Russia!
War in Colonial Territories
Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? List four reasons!
Summarize Germany’s war aims.
How was war fought on the Western front? Why did this lead to a stalemate?
Evaluate Russia’s fighting strategy on the Eastern front. Was it effective? Why or why not?
Evaluate the Allied fighting strategy on the Eastern front. Was it effective? Why or why not? (Make specific reference to Turkey!)
THINKER: Analyze the political cartoon on page 41. What is the message of this cartoon? What does it reveal about the way in which WWI was fought on the Western front?
HOMEWORK: How was WWI fought?
Focus notes/annotations on fighting strategies:
War on Land
Development of new weapons
War at Sea
Germany’s use of U-Boats
War in the Air
It might be helpful to consider the review activity on page 58
Today you will watch the episode “shellshock” from the series, The Century: America’s Time.
This episode focuses on the path to WWI, fighting on the Western front, new weapons & US involvement.