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The Battle of Hastings (1066 a.d ). By: Christian Legg Period 2. background. Battle between the Normans, led by Duke William II, and the English, led by King Harold II (England’s last Anglo -Saxon ruler)

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The battle of hastings 1066 a d

The Battle of Hastings (1066 a.d)

By: Christian Legg

Period 2


Background
background

  • Battle between the Normans, led by Duke William II, and the English, led by King Harold II (England’s last Anglo -Saxon ruler)

  • Feud erupted between the two rulers when Harold’s predecessor, Edward the Confessor, died and left the throne to Harold, after having previously promised the throne to William.

  • Enraged, William led a force of roughly 6,000 across the English Channel to claim his right to rule by force.

  • The Normans landed in Sussex, erected a wooden fortress, and raided surrounding areas while Harold fought his brother, Tostig, in Northern England.


The battle
The Battle

  • Occurred on October 14, 1066

  • William relied on basic tactics with archers in the front rank weakening the enemy with arrows, followed by infantry which would engage in close combat, culminating in a cavalry charge that would break through the English forces.

  • Harold’s army held strong against the Norman barrage of arrows with a wall of shields.

  • As Harold’s army began to falter, William and his cavalry charged and cut down the English infantryman.

  • Harold and a number of English nobles were killed and, without leaders, their army broke apart in retreat.


Tools of war
Tools of War

A)

B)

C)

Long Ship

Medieval Round Shield

English Longbow

Mace

Long Sword, Spear, Battle Axe

English Shield

The Crossbow

D)

E)

F)

G)


The aftermath
The Aftermath

  • After marching through and conquering most of southern England, the English nobles finally gave in and agreed to recognize William of Normandy as the King of England.

  • William was crowned on Christmas Day, 1066, at Westminster Abbey.

  • Battle Abbey now sits on the battlefield to commemorate the “last successful invasion of the British Isles”.

  • The Bayeux Tapestry is the most famous work depicting William’s conquest of England.


Bibliography
Bibliography

  • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+battle+of+hastings&num=10&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=709&tbm=isch&tbnid=Dhogjwg0bZxKPM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/westeurope/hastings.html&docid=0djmi1xOKlpARM&imgurl=http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/westeurope/Hastings1.jpg&w=543&h=155&ei=47cEUaCXGonwiwLu7YCIBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=226&vpy=339&dur=78&hovh=120&hovw=421&tx=197&ty=78&sig=112959533525297751640&page=2&tbnh=76&tbnw=268&start=24&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:31,s:0,i:249

  • http://www.britishbattles.com/norman-conquest/battle-hastings.htm

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hastings

  • http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&sugexp=les%3B&gs_rn=1&gs_ri=hp&cp=15&gs_id=1n&xhr=t&q=the+battle+of+hastings&biw=1280&bih=709&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=h8gEUcfZA-30iwLl0YHYBw#um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=westminster+abbey&oq=wes&gs_l=img.3.7.0j0i3j0l8.301673.302843.6.308927.3.3.0.0.0.0.125.281.2j1.3.0...0.0...1c.1.8yO392nhvqc&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&bvm=bv.41524429,d.cGE&fp=b5efce7dd3044cc3&biw=1280&bih=709

  • http://www.battle1066.com/

  • http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/westeurope/hastings.html


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