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This is about the Battle of Hastings. But before we get to that, we need to know what went before. The Battle of Hastings, 1066. 1. Housecarls. These were full time professional soldiers who were well trained & paid. The Saxon Army. Harold had two types of soldiers in his army:. 2. Fyrd.

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This is about the battle of hastings

This is about the Battle of Hastings

But before we get to that, we need to know what went before



The saxon army

1. Housecarls

These were full time professional soldiers who were well trained & paid.

The Saxon Army

Harold had two types of soldiers in his army:


The saxon army1

2. Fyrd

These were part time, unpaid soldiers who were called up when the country was in danger.

The Saxon Army

Harold had two types of soldiers in his army:


The norman army

Spearmen

Horsemen / Calvary

Archers

The Norman Army



The start of the battle
The Start of the Battle

‘The blowing of trumpets announced the start of the battle on both sides. Eager and brave Normans were the first to attack. The English threw javelins and missiles of all sorts, dealing out savage blows with their axes.’

William of Poitiers



Early stages of the battle
Early Stages of the Battle

‘The English were helped by the advantage of their high position which, massed tightly together they held without attempting to advance. The weapons which they fought with easily cut through shields and other protective armour.’

William of Poitiers


Early stages of the battle1
Early Stages of the Battle

Aha, I’m going to try me some French frogs legs!


The normans start running away
The Normans start running away

‘The Normans imaged their Duke was dead, but he rushed after them and showed his bared head. “Look at me!” he shouted, “I’m still alive.”


He Lads,

I have a plan!

What was William’s

Cunning Plan?


When the Normans

retreated a thousand

Saxon Warriors left

the protection of the

Shield Wall to chase

after the Normans.

They were easily

Killed by the Norman

Horsemen!



Second stage cunning plan
Second Stage: Cunning Plan!

‘They withdrew, pretending to turn in flight. Some thousand or more of the English rushed forward; suddenly the Normans turned their horses, cut off the force which was pursuing (chasing) them, encircled them and massacred (killed) them to the last man. Twice the Normans used this trick with equal success.’

William of Poitiers


Third stage the archers
Third Stage: The Archers

The Shield Wall was weakened but still strong, so William orders his Archers to aim high to distract the Saxons whilst he led another charge.


Fourth stage the shield wall collapses
Fourth Stage:The Shield Wall Collapses

Harold’s brothers are killed.


Final stage death of harold
Final Stage: Death of Harold

King Harold, arrow in the eye, ouch!


Final stage death of harold1

Guy of Amein, 1067

“Then it was with an arrow which was shot towards the sky, struck Harold above the right eye.”

Final Stage: Death of Harold


Final stage death of harold2

William of

Mamesbury, 1125

“Receiving the fatal arrow from a distance, he died. One of the Norman soldiers with a sword then cut off his leg as he lay.”

Final Stage: Death of Harold


Or is that the way it was
Or is that the way it was?

  • Left Detail: Harold's death scene drawn by Antoine Benoît 1729. From a photograph loaned by Dr David Hill & John McSween; reproduced by kind permission of the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.


Or this
Or this?

  • Right Detail: Engraving of Charles Stothard's drawing made in the early 19th century. Reproduced from 'The Battle of Hastings 1066' by Dr M.K. Lawson, Tempus publishing Ltd 2002.


So what happened
So what happened

  • Notice the discrepancies between Antoine Benoît's original drawing and the Stothard engraving made some 90 years later. Some historians now believe that the tapestry interpretation of King Harold II shown with an arrow in the eye is due to an error in judgement.



What about the symbolism
What about the symbolism?

  • It was common medieval iconography (symbolism) that a perjurer dies with a weapon through the eye, thus the tapestry suspiciously emphasises William's rightful claim to the throne, since Harold broke his oath to William and thus died with an arrow in his eye. Whether he actually died in this way remains a mystery and much debated



The battlefield today
The Battlefield Today Saxon army runaway.

King Harold was killed here

maybe ….


Now for homework

Now for Homework Saxon army runaway.


You are to write a short newspaper report
You are to write a SHORT newspaper report Saxon army runaway.

  • For either of these 2 papers

  • The Saxon Sun The Norman Star

  • Based on “their respective” perspectives, write about The Battle of Hastings. Include:

    • The Opponents

    • Why Battle Occurred

    • Tactics

    • Outcome of Battle

    • Impact on England


The important points are
The important points are .. Saxon army runaway.

  • It must be short – no more than 150 words

  • These newspaper are like the NY Post

  • They write in short sentences

  • They use words that are BIASED

  • In support of THEIR opinion!


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