NATIONAL HERO OF TURKEY. MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK. NATIONAL HERO OF TURKEY. MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK. Atatürk was born in Selanik(His house is located at Apostolu Pavlu Avenue, Aya Dimitria district in Salonika,Greece.) in 1881. .
NATIONAL HERO OF TURKEY
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
NATIONAL HERO OF TURKEY
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
Atatürk was born in Selanik(His house is located at Apostolu Pavlu Avenue, Aya Dimitria district in Salonika,Greece.) in 1881.
His father was Ali Rıza Efendi, and his mother was Zübeyde Hanım. His parents called him Mustafa.
His father , Ali Rıza Efendi died when little Mustafa started primary school, so they moved to another city. They stayed there with his uncle. He worked on his uncle's farm for some time. Then, he went back to Selanik, and started Şemsi Efendi School again. Later, he entered the exam for the Military School and he passed it.
He was very hardworking student. He finished the Military School and joined the army as a young officer. He fought in Dardanelle Wars. Then, he became the chief commander of the Turkish Independence War.He saved our country with his friends from the very strong nations of the world. And he overcomed them.
Then, he invited all the Turkish patriots to Ankara on the "19 of March,1920". He opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly by a religious ceremony on the "23 of April, 1920". Since 1927 it has also become Children's Day (Turkish: Çocuk Bayramı). And it’s also the only festival which is dedicated to children in the world.
On 23 of April, children visit Atatürk’s Mausoleum and then they perform dances,read poems.They show their loves to Atatürk and their nation.
Every year,on 23 of April Turkey hosts lots of children from other countries(about 800 children,from 70 countries).
Atatürk is the founder of Turkish Republic. He founded the Republic of Turkey on the "29 of October, 1923". And he became the first president of the Turkish Republic. In 1934 The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the surname "Atatürk". Atatürk means “the Father of Turks” in English.
On 29 January 1923, Mustafa Kemal married Latife Uşaklıgil.In his leisure time, he enjoyed reading and writing (books and a personal journal), horse riding, playing chess, and swimming. He was also an avid dancer and enjoyed both the waltz and traditional Zeybek folk dances.
He has written many books about politics,military etc. And he also has written a geometry book in the last years of his life.
One of the most important legacies of Atatürk to his nation is the book “Nutuk” which tells his memories from Independence War till his reformations.
On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people and to the world still endures.
Atatürk’s body rests today in his mausoleum, called “Anıtkabir”, in Ankara.
His six principles still serve today as a sign post for establishing a democratic government:
Republicanism:This is the principle which forms the main construction and shape of the Turkish Government. This is the system in which equality is the main idea. Everybody has the right to participate in the elections.
Nationalism: Turkish people are keen on their independence and liberty.They have a strong feeling of love and pride for Turkey.
Secularism:It doesn’t merely mean the seperation of state and religion but also the seperation of religion from educational,cultural and legal affairs.
Populism:This is the principle that protects the rights of people without class distinctions. The best diplomacy should be used for sake of the people. Nobody has got more rights than others.
Reformism: It means making changes and replacing traditional institutions with modern institutions. These changes help people rise to the level of modern and civilized societies.
Statism:Turkey’s complete modernisation is very much dependent on economic and technological development. The state must regulate the country’s general economic activity.
The Sultanete was abolished in 1922, November 1st.
The Republic was declared in 1923, October 29th.
The activities of religious sects were banned by law. ( 1925)
The Metric system was introduced. ( 1931)
Western calender was introduced. ( 1925)
International numeric system was introduced. ( 1928)
Educational and Cultural Reformations
Introduction and the acceptance of the Roman alphabeth. ( 1928 )The foundation of Turkish History Institution
The foundation of Turkish Language Institution
● Peace at home, peace in the world.
● Teachers are the one and only people who save nations.
● Do not be afraid of telling the truth.
● To see me does not necessarily mean to see my face. To understand my thoughts is to have seen me.
● Victory is for those who can say “Victory is mine”. Success is for those who can begin saying “I will succeed” and say “I have succeeded” in the end.
● Unless a nation's life faces peril, war is murder.
What did foreigners say about Atatürk?
No country has reached a strong and speedy modernisation movement from the root, as was achieved by the Father of the New Turkey.
Bulgarian Dness Journal
-Turkey is in possession of a genius man that friends and foes are astounded with.
-In the life of a nation it is very seldom that changes to such a radical degree were carried out in such a short period of time... Without a doubt, those who have done these extraordinary activities have earned the attributes of a great man in the complete sense of the world. And because of this, Turkey can be proud of itself. (October 31, 1933)
Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece
-Ataturk has been the first man in our century to prove the historical fact which is, “there is nothing that can not be done."
-The world has become destitute with the death of this great man, the hero of war and peace.
Pester Lioyd Journal
There is no domain where his creative and vivacious patriotism has not got into action.
-The military genius and a stateman’s philosophic genius were collected in Atatürk.
-The great Turkish nationalist has passed away but his masterpiece is alive and it is climbing the steps that will take it to the road to power every day. The Mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk in Ankara is the symbol of continuous unity and reform.”