6 th grade world history
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 37

Ancient Egypt PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

6 th Grade World History. Ancient Egypt. The Nile Valley. Essential Question: How did the geography of the Nile River valley lead to the growth of a civilization there?. A Mighty River. Nile River Drank from it Bathed in it Cooking and cleaning Fish. A Sheltered Land.

Download Presentation

Ancient Egypt

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


6 th grade world history

6th Grade World History

Ancient Egypt


The nile valley

The Nile Valley

  • Essential Question:

    • How did the geography of the Nile River valley lead to the growth of a civilization there?


A mighty river

A Mighty River

  • Nile River

    • Drank from it

    • Bathed in it

    • Cooking and cleaning

    • Fish


A sheltered land

A Sheltered Land

  • Before it reaches the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile forms a delta

  • Desert located on either side – keeps armies away from Egypt’s territory

  • Traded in the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea


The river people

The River People

  • Nile floods were predictable and consistent

    • Leave behind a layer of dark, fertile mud

  • Irrigation Techniques

    • Dug canals to carry water to fields beyond the river’s reach

  • Papyrus – reed plant

    • Baskets, sandals, river rafts and paper!


Hieroglyphics

Hieroglyphics

  • Created symbols that stood for objects, ideas and sounds

  • Few people could read and write

    • Scribes: Few Egyptian men

      • Kept records for rulers, priests and traders

      • Carved hieroglyphics into stone monuments


The rise of government in ancient egypt

The Rise of Government in Ancient Egypt

  • Irrigation systems had to be built and maintained

  • Surplus grain had to be stored and passed out in the case of need

  • Disputes over land ownership had to be settled

  • Earliest rulers were village chiefs who would gradually take over neighboring villages


Upper and lower egypt

Upper and Lower Egypt

  • 4000 B.C.E. – Egypt was made up of 2 large kingdoms

    • Lower Egypt

    • Upper Egypt

  • 3100 B.C.E. – Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt

  • Egypt was ruled by 31 dynasties grouped into 3 categories

    • Old Kingdom

    • Middle Kingdom

    • New Kingdom


Egypt s social classes

Egypt’s Social Classes

  • Pharaoh

  • Priests and Nobles

  • Traders, Artisans, Shopkeepers and Scribes

  • Farmers and Herders

  • Unskilled Workers


Family life

Family Life

  • Men were often considered the head of the household

  • However, Egyptian women enjoyed more rights than females in almost every other early civilization

  • Few Egyptian children attended school

    • Mothers taught daughters

    • Fathers taught sons


Making connections

Making Connections

  • 1. What is papyrus and how did the Egyptian’s use it?

  • 2. Cause and Effect: Name three things that led to the growth of government in Ancient Egypt.

  • 3. Answer the Essential Question: How did the geography of the Nile River valley lead to the growth of a civilization there?


Egypt s old kingdom

Egypt’s Old Kingdom

  • Essential Question:

    • What characterized the religious beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians?


Old kingdom rulers 2600 2300 b c e

Old Kingdom Rulers – 2600-2300 B.C.E.

  • Pharaoh

    • All powerful ruler who guided all activity

    • Lived in grand palaces

    • Appointed officials to carry out their wishes

    • Considered to be the son of Re – The Sun God


Egypt s religion

Egypt’s Religion

  • Worshipped many deities who were believed to control nature and human activities

    • Re – The Sun God

    • Isis – Worshipped as the ideal wife and mother

    • Osiris – God of the Dead

    • Hapi – Ruled the Nile River


Life after death

Life After Death

  • Hopeful view that life after death would be better than the life before it

  • Book of the Dead

    • Collection of spells and prayers to obtain life after death

  • For centuries, Egyptians believed only the pharaohs and elite few could enjoy the afterlife and their spirit would travel to the afterlife after death

    • Body could not be decayed for this journey


Enbalming and mummification

Enbalming and Mummification

  • Protection for the Pharaoh’s Body

  • Egyptians learned much about the human body through embalming

Apply natron, a special salt to the body

Body is filled with spices and perfumes

  • Remove organs from body

Body is stored for several days to dry

Body is sewed shut

Body cleaned with special oils

Body is tightly wrapped in linen

Mummy is placed inside wooden coffin inside tomb


The pyramids

The Pyramids

  • Protected bodies of dead pharaohs from floods, animals and grave robbers

  • Held supplies pharaohs would need in the afterlife

    • Clothing

    • Furniture

    • Jewelry

    • Food

  • Skilled artisans used copper tools to cut stone into huge blocks

  • Pulled stone on sleds to pyramid site

  • Dragged and pushed them up ramps to be set in place

  • Great Pyramid at Giza


Making connections1

Making Connections

  • 1. What might Egyptians have learned from embalming bodies?

  • 2. Answer the Essential Question: What characterized the religious beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians?


The egyptian empire

The Egyptian Empire

  • Essential Question:

    • How did Akenaton upset the traditional order of the New Kingdom?


The middle kingdom 2050 1670 b c e

The Middle Kingdom 2050-1670 B.C.E.

  • New dynasty came to power

  • Moved Egyptian capital to Thebes

  • Golden Age of stability, prosperity and achievement

  • Forced conquered people to send tribute to the pharaoh


The arts blossom

The Arts Blossom

  • Painters covered walls of tombs and temples with colorful scenes of the deities and daily life

  • Sculptors created large statues of pharaohs

  • Tombs were cut into the side of cliffs – Valley of the Kings


The new kingdom

The New Kingdom

  • Queen Hatshepsut

    • More interested in trade than conquest

    • Traded beads, gold, ivory, ebony and incense for wood

    • Trade under her rule brought great wealth to Egypt


Expanding the empire

Expanding the Empire

  • Thutmose III’s armies expanded Egypt North of Mesopotamia and into Africa

  • Enslaved prisoners of war

    • Could own land, marry and eventually be granted freedom


The legacies of two pharaohs

The Legacies of Two Pharaohs

  • Amenhotep/Akhenaton

    • Introduced one god worship of Aton

    • Removed priests who resisted the changes

    • People saw this as an attack on Egypt itself

    • Devotion to a new religion caused him to ignore the attack of the Hittites who took over much of the empire


The legacies of two pharaohs1

The Legacies of Two Pharaohs

  • Tutankhamen – The Boy King

    • Restored the old religion

    • Died unexpectedly – murder?

    • Most famous of all pharaohs because of his brilliant gold funeral mask


End of the new kingdom

End of the New Kingdom

  • Ramses II – rebuilt the empire and constructed new temples

    • Karnak

    • Thebes

    • Temples were the homes of gods and goddesses


Egypt s decline and fall

Egypt’s Decline and Fall

  • Later pharaohs have difficulty controlling a large empire

  • Egypt was attacked by people from the Mediterranean

    • Iron weapons

  • Egypt changed hands several times

  • 670B.C.E. – Egypt is taken over by the Assyrians


Making connections2

Making Connections

  • 1. What improvements did the Middle Kingdom rulers make?

  • 2. Answer the Essential Question: How did Akenaton upset the traditional order of the New Kingdom?


  • Login