Animal farm
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Animal Farm. A Study In Parallels. Animal Farm Mr. Jones Irresponsible to the animals (lets them starve) Cruel--beats animals with a whip Sometimes kind--mixes milk in animals’ food occasionally. In History Czar Nicholas II A poor leader compared to other leaders of the time

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Animal Farm

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Animal farm

Animal Farm

A Study In Parallels


The characters

Animal Farm

Mr. Jones

Irresponsible to the animals

(lets them starve)

Cruel--beats animals with a whip

Sometimes kind--mixes milk in animals’ food occasionally

In History

Czar Nicholas II

A poor leader compared to other leaders of the time

Cruel – Kills and tortures opponents

Sometimes kind – hired students as spies to give them an income

The Characters


The characters1

Animal Farm

Old Major

Taught Animalism

Workers do the work, rich keep the money, animals revolt

Dies before actual revolution

In History

Karl Marx

Invented Communism

Taught that workers should revolt and take over the government

Dies before the Russian Revolution

The Characters


Animal farm

The Characters

In History

Communism

  • All people are equal

  • Government owns everything, and the people own the government

Animal Farm

Animalism

  • No owners, no rich, but no poor--utopia

  • Workers get a better life; all animals are equal.

  • Everyone owns the farm.


Animal farm

The Characters

Animal Farm

Snowball

  • Young, smart, good speaker, idealistic

  • Wants to make life better for all

  • One of the leaders of the revolution

  • Chased away by Napoleon's dogs

In History

Leon Trotsky

  • Pure communist, followed Marx’s ideas

  • Wanted to improve life for all in Russia

  • A leader of the revolution

  • Chased away by Lenin’s secret police (KGB)


Animal farm

The Characters

Animal Farm

Napoleon

  • Not a good speaker or as clever as Snowball

  • Cruel, Brutal, Selfish, Corrupt

  • His ambition is for power; he killed opponents

  • Used Dogs, Moses, and Squealer to control other animals

In History

Josef Stalin

  • Not a good speaker or as educated as other leaders

  • Didn’t follow Marx’s ideas

  • His ambition is for power; he killed his opponents

  • Used KGB, the church, and propaganda to control the people


Animal farm

The Characters

Animal Farm

The Dogs

  • A private army that used fear to force animals to work

  • Killed or intimidated any opponent of Napoleon

  • Totally loyal to Napoleon

In History

KGB – Secret Police

  • Forced support for Stalin through fear and intimidation

  • Often killed entire families of opponents of Stalin

  • Totally loyal to Stalin


Animal farm

The Characters

Animal Farm

Squealer

  • Convinces animals to believe and follow Napoleon

  • Changes and Manipulates the commandments

In History

Propaganda Dept.

  • Used any lie to convince people to follow Stalin

  • Benefited from the fact that education was controlled by the communist party


The characters2

Animal Farm

Moses the Raven

Tells Animals about Sugar Candy Mountain- Heaven

Sugar Candy Mountain thought to be a lie by the pigs but used to make the animals work

Napoleon let him stay because it kept the animals peaceful and working

The Characters

In History

Religion

  • Tells the workers about Heaven

  • Heaven thought to be a lie by Communists but used to make the peasants work

  • Communists allowed religion because it kept the peasants happy and working


The characters3

Animal Farm

Mollie

Was vain-loved her beauty and herself

Didn’t care about Animal Farm

Would follow anyone who gave her treats

Left Animal Farm after the revolution

The Characters

In History

The Aristocracy

  • Cared only for their possessions and their own comfort

  • Didn’t care about Russia

  • Fled to other countries to maintain their comfortable lives after the revolution


The characters4

Animal Farm

Boxer

Strong, hard-working horse

Believes in Animal Farm and the pigs

Gives his life and is betrayed by Napoleon

The Characters

In History

The Peasants of Russia

Strong and hardworking people of Russia

  • Believe in Stalin and in the Communist ideal

  • Betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them through intimidation and neglect


The characters5

Animal Farm

Benjamin

Old, wise donkey who is suspicious of the pigs motives

Says little to avoid attracting attention

Thinks “Nothing ever really changes”

His suspicions about change and Boxer are true

The Characters

In History

The skeptical people of Russia

  • Generally the educated people who will not or cannot escape Russia

  • Say little to avoid attracting attention

  • Think “Nothing ever really changes”

  • Their suspicions about change and the communists are true


Overall details of the revolution

Animal Farm

Supposed to make life better for all animals

Life was actually worse at the end of the novel

The pigs became the same as, or worse, than the original leader, Mr. Jones

Overall Details of the Revolution

In History

  • Supposed to make life better for all citizens

  • Life was actually worse at the end of the Communist reign

  • Stalin became much worse than Czar Nicholas II ever was


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