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Daily Life of Ancient Greeks. Athenians and Spartans. Greek Society . Divided into Social Classes Aristocrats-wealthy/rich Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state

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Daily life of ancient greeks

Daily Life of Ancient Greeks

Athenians and Spartans

Greek society
Greek Society

  • Divided into Social Classes

    • Aristocrats-wealthy/rich

    • Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm

    • Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state

    • Slaves- POW’s, bought in trade, or adopted babies who were abandoned.

Greek family
Greek Family

  • Typical Family: Husband, Wife, and children (preferably boys)

  • Women at home

    • Raise children

    • Kept track of money and spending

    • Managed Slaves

    • Made Clothes

  • Men at war or involved in public life

  • Children are VERY IMPORTANT

Clothes food and more
Clothes, Food and More…

  • Typical Clothing: Chitons

    • Women wore long Cloth to their feet

    • Children wore short chitons

    • Men wore combo of two chitons

    • Some barefoot some wore leather sandal shoes

    • Loved jewelry

  • Food:

    • Breakfast-bread dipped in wine

    • Lunch-bread and cheese

    • Dinner- meat if rich otherwise porridge

    • Olives used for cooking, lamps, cosmetics

Essential question 3
Essential Question # 3

  • How did Athenians and Spartans differ? How did the difference influence the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars?




Oligarchy-ruled by few (older & more experienced rulers)

Citizens 30 or older

2 kings- one stays, other goes during battles


Ephors- five elected to oversee kings, education, and slaves

Strong Army

Took land to grow food for rising population

  • Direct Democracy

    • Citizens 18 or older

    • Assembly

    • Council

    • Courts

  • Strong Navy

  • Formed Allies and traded for food to feed people

Social structure
Social Structure



Upper classes had all powers & privileges

Helots (slaves) did all non-military work

Women were free

Earn education

Managed estates and slaves

Bear healthy children

  • All male citizens were equal

  • Women were only allowed on jury

    • Taught children and stayed home

  • Metics (resident aliens)

Lifestyle value
Lifestyle & Value




Not permitted to own luxuries-more worried about being the best military

  • Thinkers

    • Always invited other thinkers from other city-states to come and share thoughts

  • Culture (art, music, etc. )

    • Olympics-

    • Festivals




Babies -if born strong then taken home for a slave to nurse them so they don’t get attached, if not then thrown over cliff to die

Boys taken at 7 to Agoge (barracks) to train in the art of war

Allowed to lie, cheat, and steal, but if caught then beaten

Girls taken at age 7 to train in reading, writing, sports and survival

  • Boys taught at home until 6/7 then off to school as well as girls

    • Schools separate

  • Boys taught reading, writing, math, music, poetry, and sports

  • Girls taught homemaking skills

Role of women
Role of Women



Enjoyed more freedom


Expected to protect land while husband was at war

Must bare strong healthy babies to become warriors

  • Women not citizens

  • Only allowed on jury

  • Stayed home to take care of household duties

  • Rarely allowed in public unless accompanied by a slave

Cultural achievements
Cultural Achievements



Simple Lifestyle

Stories of courage and discipline

Phalanx- infantry with long spears, drawn up in close order with shields overlapping.

Never gave up

  • Arts & Architecture

    • Mosaics & Pottery

    • Parthenon

  • Philosophy

    • Plato

    • Aristotle

    • Socrates

  • Literature/Poetry

    • Epic Poems

    • Drama/Festivals