Daily life of ancient greeks
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Daily Life of Ancient Greeks. Athenians and Spartans. Greek Society . Divided into Social Classes Aristocrats-wealthy/rich Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state

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Daily Life of Ancient Greeks

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Daily life of ancient greeks

Daily Life of Ancient Greeks

Athenians and Spartans


Greek society

Greek Society

  • Divided into Social Classes

    • Aristocrats-wealthy/rich

    • Small Farmers- owned land/rented land to farm

    • Artisans/Merchants- foreigners who lived in city-state

    • Slaves- POW’s, bought in trade, or adopted babies who were abandoned.


Greek family

Greek Family

  • Typical Family: Husband, Wife, and children (preferably boys)

  • Women at home

    • Raise children

    • Kept track of money and spending

    • Managed Slaves

    • Made Clothes

  • Men at war or involved in public life

  • Children are VERY IMPORTANT


Clothes food and more

Clothes, Food and More…

  • Typical Clothing: Chitons

    • Women wore long Cloth to their feet

    • Children wore short chitons

    • Men wore combo of two chitons

    • Some barefoot some wore leather sandal shoes

    • Loved jewelry

  • Food:

    • Breakfast-bread dipped in wine

    • Lunch-bread and cheese

    • Dinner- meat if rich otherwise porridge

    • Olives used for cooking, lamps, cosmetics


Essential question 3

Essential Question # 3

  • How did Athenians and Spartans differ? How did the difference influence the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars?


Vocabulary chart eq 3

Vocabulary Chart EQ # 3


Differences in city states

Differences in City-States

Athens

Sparta


Government

Government

Athens

Sparta

Oligarchy-ruled by few (older & more experienced rulers)

Citizens 30 or older

2 kings- one stays, other goes during battles

Assmebly

Ephors- five elected to oversee kings, education, and slaves

Strong Army

Took land to grow food for rising population

  • Direct Democracy

    • Citizens 18 or older

    • Assembly

    • Council

    • Courts

  • Strong Navy

  • Formed Allies and traded for food to feed people


Social structure

Social Structure

Athens

Sparta

Upper classes had all powers & privileges

Helots (slaves) did all non-military work

Women were free

Earn education

Managed estates and slaves

Bear healthy children

  • All male citizens were equal

  • Women were only allowed on jury

    • Taught children and stayed home

  • Metics (resident aliens)


Lifestyle value

Lifestyle & Value

Athens

Sparta

Warriors

Not permitted to own luxuries-more worried about being the best military

  • Thinkers

    • Always invited other thinkers from other city-states to come and share thoughts

  • Culture (art, music, etc. )

    • Olympics-

    • Festivals


Education

Education

Athens

Sparta

Babies -if born strong then taken home for a slave to nurse them so they don’t get attached, if not then thrown over cliff to die

Boys taken at 7 to Agoge (barracks) to train in the art of war

Allowed to lie, cheat, and steal, but if caught then beaten

Girls taken at age 7 to train in reading, writing, sports and survival

  • Boys taught at home until 6/7 then off to school as well as girls

    • Schools separate

  • Boys taught reading, writing, math, music, poetry, and sports

  • Girls taught homemaking skills


Role of women

Role of Women

Athens

Sparta

Enjoyed more freedom

Athletic

Expected to protect land while husband was at war

Must bare strong healthy babies to become warriors

  • Women not citizens

  • Only allowed on jury

  • Stayed home to take care of household duties

  • Rarely allowed in public unless accompanied by a slave


Cultural achievements

Cultural Achievements

Athens

Sparta

Simple Lifestyle

Stories of courage and discipline

Phalanx- infantry with long spears, drawn up in close order with shields overlapping.

Never gave up

  • Arts & Architecture

    • Mosaics & Pottery

    • Parthenon

  • Philosophy

    • Plato

    • Aristotle

    • Socrates

  • Literature/Poetry

    • Epic Poems

    • Drama/Festivals


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