From Novice to Expert, Patricia Benner - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

From novice to expert patricia benner
1 / 8

  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: General

From Novice to Expert, Patricia Benner. By Lisa Nutt Jackie Savage Amy Scanlon. From Novice to Expert-Theory Development. Source of Theory

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

From Novice to Expert, Patricia Benner

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

From novice to expert patricia benner

From Novice to Expert, Patricia Benner


Lisa Nutt

Jackie Savage

Amy Scanlon

From novice to expert theory development

From Novice to Expert-Theory Development

  • Source of Theory

    • Early 1980’s University of California, Berkley, Benner’s qualitative research related to the Dreyfus & Dreyfus Five Stage Model of Mental Activities Skill Acquisition

    • 1984 Benner publishes From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice

    • Theory defines skill levels in nursing and establishes best practices for nursing education (Frisch, 2009)

From novice to expert theory development1

From Novice to Expert- Theory Development

  • Description of Theory- Five Stages of Skill Acquisition in Nursing

    • Stage I- Novice

      • Beginner to profession or nurse changing area of practice (Frisch, 2009)

      • Explicit rule based knowledge and behavior (Altmann, 2007)

    • Stage II- Advanced Beginner

      • Nurse begins to incorporate real-life experiences in practice into knowledge base (Frisch, 2009)

      • Still requires mentor or experienced nurse to assist with defining situations, to set priorities, and to integrate practical knowledge (English, 1993)

From novice to expert description of theory

From Novice to Expert-Description of Theory

  • Stage III-Competent

    • After two to three years in the same area of nursing the nurse moves into the Competent Stage of skill acquisition

    • The nurse still relies on conscious planning, efficiency, and organization skills

  • Stage IV- Proficient

    • After three to five years in the same area of nursing the nurse moves into the Proficient Stage

    • The nurse possesses a deep understanding of situations as they occur, less conscious planning is necessary, critical thinking and decision-making skills have developed (Frisch, 2009)

From novice to expert description of theory1

From Novice to Expert-Description of Theory

  • Stage V- Expert

    • This stage occurs after five years or greater in the same area of nursing (experienced nurses changing areas of nursing practice may progress more quickly through the five stages)

    • The nurse develops an intuitive grasp of situations and experiences

    • The expert nurse operates from a deep, holistic understanding of the situation or experience (Frisch, 2009)

    • According to Altmann (as cited in Carper, 1978) the expert incorporates the ways of knowing, empiric knowledge, moral/ethical knowledge, personal knowledge, and aesthetics into their practice of nursing

Benner s original research

Benner’s Original Research

  • Goal:

    • Compare Novice & Expert Nurse’s descriptions and responses to the same clinical situations

  • Participants:

    • 21 nurse preceptors & 21 new graduate nurses

    • 51 experienced nurses

    • 11 newly graduated nurses

    • 5 senior nursing students

  • Collection of Research:

    • Interviews with narrative accounts of situations

    • Observation of behaviors in clinical settings (Benner, 1984)

Nursing education incorporates benner s theory

Nursing Education Incorporates Benner’s Theory

  • Goal:

    • Identify if simulating unstable patient scenarios by providing interactive teaching will transition nursing students to higher levels of expertise

  • Participants:

    • 190 Adult Health Nursing Students

  • Collection of Research:

    • Observation of students in simulated patient rooms with manikins providing clues to clinical scenarios

  • Conclusion:

    • Development of nursing competency requires practice and clinical simulation provides a safe, structured learning experience (Larew, Lessans, Spunt, Foster, and Covington, 2006)

Nursing application of benner s theory

Nursing Application of Benner’s Theory

  • Nursing applies Benner’s Theory through:

  • Nursing school curriculum

  • Building clinical ladders for nurses (Frisch, 2009)

  • Developing mentorship programs

    • Preceptors for student nurses

    • Mentors for newly graduated nurses (Dracup and Bryan- Brown, 2004)

  • Development of the Clinical Simulation Protocol (Larew et al., 2006)

  • Login