Cleveland s economic fall from grace and the road back
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Cleveland’s Economic Fall From Grace and the Road Back. Dr. Mark S. Rosentraub Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs Cleveland State University. A Slide, A ‘Quiet Crisis,’ Or A Long Term Trend?. An Image of Decline Riots Mistake By The Lake Burning of the Cuyahoga River Default

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Cleveland’s Economic Fall From Grace and the Road Back

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Cleveland s economic fall from grace and the road back

Cleveland’s Economic FallFrom Grace and the Road Back

Dr. Mark S. Rosentraub

Maxine Goodman Levin

College of Urban Affairs

Cleveland State University


A slide a quiet crisis or a long term trend

A Slide, A ‘Quiet Crisis,’Or A Long Term Trend?

  • An Image of Decline

  • Riots

  • Mistake By The Lake

  • Burning of the Cuyahoga River

  • Default

  • The Least Silent Quiet Crisis

  • Was This A Slide Or A Long Term Trend?


Greater cleveland and the national context

Greater Cleveland and The National Context

  • Professional Jobs – Ranked 17th

  • Workforce Education – 26th

  • Manufacturing Exports – 34th

  • Population Online – 37th

  • Patents – 20th

  • Academic R & D – 34th

  • New Traded Companies – 37th


The rise of the united states and ne ohio

The Rise of the United States and NE Ohio

  • Land and Water

  • Cheap Labor – Immigration

  • Education

  • Inclusion

  • Women

  • Religious Minorities

  • Racial Minorities


The decline of ne ohio s economy

The Decline of NE Ohio’s Economy

  • Technology and Ideas

  • Exclusion

  • Loss of Immigration

  • The Costs of Exclusion

  • The Need for Bad Ideas

  • Encouraging Failure for Growth


Population changes

Population Changes

Cleveland Cuyahoga County

1920 796,841 943,945

1930 900,429 1,201,445

1940 878,336 1,217,250

1950 914,808 1,389,532

1960 876,050 1,647,895

1970 750,903 1,720,835

1980 573,822 1,498,400

1990 505,616 1,412,140

2000 478,403 1,393,978


Cleveland and technology new and important patents

Cleveland and Technology:New and Important Patents

  • 1900 – Cleveland Ranks 7th

  • 1880 – Cleveland Ranks 10th

  • 1860 – Cleveland Ranks 9th

  • Important Patents – 1870 to 1890

  • Cleveland Ranks 5th

  • Patent Rate, 1880 to 1930 Among The Highest In The Nation

  • Case Institute, Fenn College


Manufacturing productivity

Manufacturing Productivity

  • 1900 110 % of US Average

  • 1925115 % of US Average

  • 1940125 % of US Average

  • 1950115 % of US Average

  • 1960112 % of US Average

  • 1970108 % of US Average

  • 1980105 % of US Average

  • 1990 95 % of US Average

  • 2000 93 % of US Average


Why did this change

Why Did This Change?

  • Higher Priced Labor

  • Changing Transportation Technologies

  • Peculiar to Cleveland?

  • No – History of All Manufacturing

  • Center Periphery Models


Greater cleveland today

Greater Cleveland Today

  • 5th Oldest Median Age

  • Net Out Migration

  • Natural Increase Offsets Move Outs

  • Per Capita Income Below: Cincinnati,

    St. Louis, Dallas/Fort Worth, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Columbus


The road back fast growth limitations

The Road Back: Fast Growth Limitations

  • Environmental Constraints – Water

  • Environmental Constraints – Traffic

  • Environmental Constraints – Land

  • Track Housing

  • Sprawl

  • Strip Malls

  • Energy Costs


The road back positioning ne ohio

The Road Back:Positioning NE Ohio

  • Asset: Land

  • Asset: Water

  • Asset: Low Levels of Congestion

  • Asset: Neighborhoods and Communities

  • Asset: Inexpensive Housing

  • Asset: We Can Avoid Cookie-Cutter

    Subdivisions


The road back amenity assets

The Road Back:Amenity Assets

  • Culture

  • Sports

  • Entertainment

  • Ethnic Diversity

  • Racial Diversity

  • Restaurants


The road back your challenge

The Road Back:Your Challenge

  • Workers are Mobile

  • Firms Locate Where Workers Want to Live

  • Education Needed for Jobs

  • Education Needed for Families

  • K-12

  • University


Is it possible

Is It Possible?

  • All Growth Results From Investments and Strategic Risks

  • Housing

  • Downtown Cleveland

  • Town Squares

  • Great Schools

  • Understand the Changing Demography


Women and employment

Women and Employment

  • Almost Half of the Work Force

  • More than One-Third of High Technology Jobs

  • Engineering

  • Mathematics

  • Design Cities for Women

  • Design School Systems for Working Women


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