Lord of the Flies. By William Golding. Introduction.
By William Golding
Jack Merridew is 12 years old, tall, bony, red-haired, freckled, and described as ugly. He is the leader of the choir boys who demonstrates a talent for leadership. He handles the choir with firm discipline and extracts obedience. He has a strict, authoritative and violent manner. Jack takes a liking to Ralph but has an instant disliking for Piggy, calling him fatty and telling him to shut up.
Roger is a slight, furtive boy. He mutters his name when asked, almost as though he does not care to give out even a little information about himself. He appears secretive.
On the way back from exploring, the three boys come across a piglet and Jack raises his knife to kill it but doesn’t go through with it. He’s still civilized.
A young boy, with a mulberry-colored birthmark, tells the group how he saw a snake-like creature – a beastie – that wanted to eat him. (p.39) Introduction of fear.
Jack uses Piggy’s glasses to start the fire (p.44) and this fire gets out of control. (p.49)
Nobody will listen to Piggy when he has the conch and this causes him to lose his temper (p.49) and lecture the boys. (p.50)
Jack justifies his not helping with the shelters because of the need to find meat, even though the rest of his hunters came back hours before him. (p.55)
Ralph, Jack and Simon discuss how the darkness scares the boys “They dream. You can hear ‘em.” “They talk and scream. The littluns. Even some of the others.” (p.56)
Roger picked up a stone, aimed, and threw it at Henry but threw it to miss. “Here invisible yet strong, was the taboo of old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law.” (p.67)
Ralph spots a ship in the distance and realizes that Jack and his hunters have let the fire go out (society crumbling) p.72-73
Fear spreads through the group. They discuss the beastie. Jack scolds the littluns in a harsh, cruel manner because of their fears. (p.90)
P. 96 – Percival says that “the beast comes out of the sea” and then cries himself to sleep.
P. 100 – Jack’s philosophy – “Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong – we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat -!”
Jack, Ralph and the others explore caves and the hill and forget the purpose of the expedition.
They come across a pig and Ralph launches his spear into the pig’s snout (p.124). He is “full of fright and apprehension and pride.” He brags about this and feels that “hunting was good after all.” (p.125)
Ralph and Jack dare each other to explore the mountain in the dark; Jack is determined to go (p.131) and Ralph feels pressured into going (p.132).
Piggy suggests they have their signal fire on the beach since the old one is up where the beast is (p.142).
Jack’s gang attacks Ralph’s group in order to steal fire to roast their pig (p.150). They extend an invitation to join their gang and enjoy a feast (p.155).
At the feast “power lay in the brown swell of his (Jack’s) forearms; authority sat on his shoulder…” (p.165). Jack tries to assert himself as chief, promising food and security from the beast (p.166).
In this frenzy, Simon stumbles out of the forest, trying to tell the boys that there is no beast. However, the boys mistake Simon for the beast and kill him. (p.168)
Jack – ties up Wilfred and beats him, for no apparent reason. (p.176)
Ralph tries to call an assembly at Castle Rock but Jack’s gang laugh at him. (p.194)
Ralph gets the attention of the twins and Samneric warn him that the tribe plans to hunt for him with a stick pointed at both ends.
“There was no Piggy to talk sense. There was no solemn assembly for debate nor dignity of the conch.” (p. 218)