States of matter
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States of Matter. Physical Science 10/18/2013. Page 1: The Kinetic Theory of Matter All matter is made of particles that are in constant motion. The faster particles move, the higher the temperature of the substance. At the same temperature, bigger particles move slower. Page 2: SOLIDS.

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States of matter

States of Matter

Physical Science

10/18/2013


States of matter

Page 1: The Kinetic Theory of Matter

  • All matter is made of particles that are in constant motion.

  • The faster particles move, the higher the temperature of the substance.

  • At the same temperature, bigger particles move slower


Page 2 solids

Page 2: SOLIDS

  • Particles of solids are tightly packed, vibrating about a fixed position.

  • Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume.

Heat


Page 3 liquid

Page 3: LIQUID

  • Particles of liquids are tightly packed, but are far enough apart to slide over one another.

  • Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume.

Heat


Page 4 gas

Page 4: GAS

  • Particles of gases are very far apart and move freely.

  • Gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.

Heat


Page 5 phase changes

Page 5: PHASE CHANGES


Phase changes

PHASE CHANGES


States of matter plasma

STATES OF MATTERPLASMA

  • ionized gas.

  • very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields.

  • have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.

The most common form of matter. Found in the stars and in space between them.

Makes up over 99% of the visible universe and perhaps most of that which is not visible.


Some places where plasmas are found

Some places where plasmas are found…

1. Flames


States of matter

2. Lightning


States of matter

3. Aurora (Northern Lights)

Form when plasma collides with gas particles in the upper atmosphere.


States of matter

The Sun is an example of a star in its plasma state


States of matter1

STATES OF MATTER

LIQUID

PLASMA

SOLID

GAS

Tightly packed, in a regular pattern

Vibrate, but do not move from place to place

Close together with no regular arrangement.

Vibrate, move about, and slide past each other

Well be separated with no regular arrangement.

Vibrate and move freely at high speeds

Has no definite volume or shape and is composed of electrical charged particles


Temperature and heat

Temperature and Heat

Temperatureis the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.

  • Higher temperature = higher kinetic energy


Temperature and heat1

Temperature and Heat

The total kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance is called thermal energy.


States of matter

Absolute zerois the point where no more heat can be removed from a system, according to the absolute or thermodynamic temperature scale.

This corresponds to 0 K (Kelvin) or -273.15°Cand -459.67°F


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