States of Matter. Physical Science 10/18/2013. Page 1: The Kinetic Theory of Matter All matter is made of particles that are in constant motion. The faster particles move, the higher the temperature of the substance. At the same temperature, bigger particles move slower. Page 2: SOLIDS.
Page 1: The Kinetic Theory of Matter
The most common form of matter. Found in the stars and in space between them.
Makes up over 99% of the visible universe and perhaps most of that which is not visible.
Form when plasma collides with gas particles in the upper atmosphere.
Tightly packed, in a regular pattern
Vibrate, but do not move from place to place
Close together with no regular arrangement.
Vibrate, move about, and slide past each other
Well be separated with no regular arrangement.
Vibrate and move freely at high speeds
Has no definite volume or shape and is composed of electrical charged particles
Temperatureis the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.
The total kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance is called thermal energy.
Absolute zerois the point where no more heat can be removed from a system, according to the absolute or thermodynamic temperature scale.
This corresponds to 0 K (Kelvin) or -273.15°Cand -459.67°F