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Chapter 10. America Claims An Empire. Section 1 Queen Liluokalani Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Sanford B. Dole Section 2 Jose Marti Valeriano Weyler Yellow journalism U.S.S. Maine George Dewey Rough Riders San Juan Hill Treaty of Paris. Section 3

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chapter 10

Chapter 10

America Claims An Empire

ch 10 id and define
Section 1

Queen Liluokalani


Alfred T. Mahan

William Seward

Pearl Harbor

Sanford B. Dole

Section 2

Jose Marti

Valeriano Weyler

Yellow journalism

U.S.S. Maine

George Dewey

Rough Riders

San Juan Hill

Treaty of Paris

Section 3

Foraker Act

Platt Amendment


Emilio Aguinaldo

John Hay

Open Door Notes

Boxer Rebellion

Section 4

Panama Canal

Roosevelt Corollary

Dollar diplomacy

Francisco “Pancho” Villa

Emiliano Zapata

John J. Pershing

Ch 10 Id and Define
section 1 imperialism and america
Section 1 Imperialism and America
  • American Expansionism
    • Imperialism, policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories
    • Global competition
      • European nations had been establishing colonies for centuries
american manifest destiny
American manifest destiny
  • Desire for Military Strength
  • Thirst for new Markets
  • Belief in Cultural Superiority
the united states acquires alaska
The United States Acquires Alaska
  • Secretary of state William Seward ( under Lincoln and Johnson) convinced the U.S. to buy Alaska from Russia
  • 7.2 Million dollars or 2 cents an acre
  • Nick named Seward’s Folly or Seward’s Ice box
    • Rich in Oil, gold, timber and minerals
the united states takes hawaii
The United States Takes Hawaii
  • American merchants had lived on the Hawaiian islands since 1790’s
    • They sold sugar cane mostly to America
  • In the Mid-19th century Americans owned about ¾ of the wealth
  • The McKinley Tariff provoked a crisis by eliminating duty free sugar
  • The planters called for annexation
the end of a monarchy
The End of a Monarchy
  • Hawaii for Hawaiians agenda of Queen Liliuokalani after she took over from her father King Kalakaua
  • encouraged revolt by American Sugar growers
  • Ambassador John L. Stevens organized a revolution with the help of the marines
  • Sanford B. Dole headed the new government
  • President Cleveland directed the queen be restored to her throne
  • Power was never truly restored
  • After William McKinley took office he annexed it on August 12, 1898 during the Spanish American war
section 2 spanish american war
Section 2 Spanish-American War
  • Cubans Rebel Against Spain
    • A colony for over 300 years
  • Spain sent The Butcher Weyler (Valeriano Weyler) to crush the rebellion
  • Yellow journalism
    • Incites and adds to the resentment against Spain
    • De Lome – Spanish Ambassador wrote a letter in which he bad mouthed McKinley
    • The explosion of the U.S.S. Maine was blamed on Spain
  • On April 30, 1898 Commodore George Dewey attacked the Spanish in the Philippine (Filipinos)
  • Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt along with the10th Calvary – take Cuba
  • Treaty of Paris
    • John Hay called it “a splendid little war”
      • Puerto Rico
      • Guam
      • Philippines
      • Cuba
        • Teller Amendment – give independence
        • Platt Amendment – delayed Cuba’s independence
section 3 acquiring new lands
Section 3 Acquiring New Lands
  • Ruling Puerto Rico
    • Had not been promised independence
    • Bring protection “protectorate”
    • Foraker Act – enabled military rule
    • Puerto Rico gained citizenship in 1917
  • Cuba
    • Teller Amendment was delayed with the Platt Amendment
      • Cuba could not make treaties
      • U.S. had right to intervene
      • Cuba could not go into debt
      • U.S. could buy or lease land
Filipinos Rebel
    • Emilio Aguinaldo believed that the U.S. had promised them independence
    • He led a revolt in Feb. 1899
    • Anger at the U.S. suppressing a rebellion
  • After 3 years the rebellion was suppressed
    • 20,000 Filipino rebels died
    • 4,000 Americans
    • 400 million dollars
    • Gained its independence on July 4, 1946
foreign influence in china
Foreign Influence in China
  • Sphere of Influence – one country controlling another
  • John Hay wanted to keep China Open for trade
    • Open Door Policy – everyone could trade equally in China
  • Boxer Rebellion in China was suppressed by both the Chinese government and the American/European forces
section 4 america as a world power
Section 4 America as a World Power
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    • Peace Maker – Negotiating a settlement of Russo-Japanese war
    • Nobel peace prize in 1906
panama canal a man a plan a canal panama amanap lanac a nalp a nam a
Panama Canala man a plan a canal panamaamanaplanac a nalp a nam a
  • Hay-Pauncefote – Britain gave the U.S. exclusive rights to build and control the canal
  • 2 possible routes
    • Nicaragua – much of it crossed a lake
    • Panama ( a Colombian province) – shorter
      • U.S. needed to get permission from Colombia
      • When negotiations broke down Philippe Bunau-Varilla helped to organize a rebellion against Colombia
roosevelt corollary
Roosevelt Corollary
  • Addition to the Monroe Doctrine
    • The U.S. will intervene if a Latin American country does something that may put them in danger.
    • Dollar Diplomacy
      • Guaranteed loans to foreign countries to keep European powers out of Latin America
woodrow wilson s missionary diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy
  • Diaz, Madero, Huerta, and Carranza
    • Wilson looks to oust Huerta
    • Uses a incident to do so
    • Take notes on your own starting on 363
      • Use the headlines in the book
      • Underline names and terms
      • There will be a quiz on this portion of your book tomorrow