Chapter 10
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Chapter 10. America Claims An Empire. Section 1 Queen Liluokalani Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Sanford B. Dole Section 2 Jose Marti Valeriano Weyler Yellow journalism U.S.S. Maine George Dewey Rough Riders San Juan Hill Treaty of Paris. Section 3

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Chapter 10

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Chapter 10

Chapter 10

America Claims An Empire


Ch 10 id and define

Section 1

Queen Liluokalani

Imperialism

Alfred T. Mahan

William Seward

Pearl Harbor

Sanford B. Dole

Section 2

Jose Marti

Valeriano Weyler

Yellow journalism

U.S.S. Maine

George Dewey

Rough Riders

San Juan Hill

Treaty of Paris

Section 3

Foraker Act

Platt Amendment

Protectorate

Emilio Aguinaldo

John Hay

Open Door Notes

Boxer Rebellion

Section 4

Panama Canal

Roosevelt Corollary

Dollar diplomacy

Francisco “Pancho” Villa

Emiliano Zapata

John J. Pershing

Ch 10 Id and Define


Section 1 imperialism and america

Section 1 Imperialism and America

  • American Expansionism

    • Imperialism, policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories

    • Global competition

      • European nations had been establishing colonies for centuries


American manifest destiny

American manifest destiny

  • Desire for Military Strength

  • Thirst for new Markets

  • Belief in Cultural Superiority


The united states acquires alaska

The United States Acquires Alaska

  • Secretary of state William Seward ( under Lincoln and Johnson) convinced the U.S. to buy Alaska from Russia

  • 7.2 Million dollars or 2 cents an acre

  • Nick named Seward’s Folly or Seward’s Ice box

    • Rich in Oil, gold, timber and minerals


The united states takes hawaii

The United States Takes Hawaii

  • American merchants had lived on the Hawaiian islands since 1790’s

    • They sold sugar cane mostly to America

  • In the Mid-19th century Americans owned about ¾ of the wealth

  • The McKinley Tariff provoked a crisis by eliminating duty free sugar

  • The planters called for annexation


The end of a monarchy

The End of a Monarchy

  • Hawaii for Hawaiians agenda of Queen Liliuokalani after she took over from her father King Kalakaua

  • encouraged revolt by American Sugar growers

  • Ambassador John L. Stevens organized a revolution with the help of the marines


Chapter 10

US troops in Hawaii


Chapter 10

Cont.

  • Sanford B. Dole headed the new government

  • President Cleveland directed the queen be restored to her throne

  • Power was never truly restored

  • After William McKinley took office he annexed it on August 12, 1898 during the Spanish American war


Section 2 spanish american war

Section 2Spanish-American War

  • Cubans Rebel Against Spain

    • A colony for over 300 years

  • Spain sent The Butcher Weyler (Valeriano Weyler) to crush the rebellion

  • Yellow journalism

    • Incites and adds to the resentment against Spain

    • De Lome – Spanish Ambassador wrote a letter in which he bad mouthed McKinley

    • The explosion of the U.S.S. Maine was blamed on Spain


Chapter 10

Cont.

  • On April 30, 1898 Commodore George Dewey attacked the Spanish in the Philippine (Filipinos)

  • Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt along with the10th Calvary – take Cuba

  • Treaty of Paris

    • John Hay called it “a splendid little war”

      • Puerto Rico

      • Guam

      • Philippines

      • Cuba

        • Teller Amendment – give independence

        • Platt Amendment – delayed Cuba’s independence


Section 3 acquiring new lands

Section 3 Acquiring New Lands

  • Ruling Puerto Rico

    • Had not been promised independence

    • Bring protection “protectorate”

    • Foraker Act – enabled military rule

    • Puerto Rico gained citizenship in 1917

  • Cuba

    • Teller Amendment was delayed with the Platt Amendment

      • Cuba could not make treaties

      • U.S. had right to intervene

      • Cuba could not go into debt

      • U.S. could buy or lease land


Chapter 10

  • Filipinos Rebel

    • Emilio Aguinaldo believed that the U.S. had promised them independence

    • He led a revolt in Feb. 1899

    • Anger at the U.S. suppressing a rebellion

  • After 3 years the rebellion was suppressed

    • 20,000 Filipino rebels died

    • 4,000 Americans

    • 400 million dollars

    • Gained its independence on July 4, 1946


Foreign influence in china

Foreign Influence in China

  • Sphere of Influence – one country controlling another

  • John Hay wanted to keep China Open for trade

    • Open Door Policy – everyone could trade equally in China

  • Boxer Rebellion in China was suppressed by both the Chinese government and the American/European forces


Section 4 america as a world power

Section 4 America as a World Power

  • Theodore Roosevelt

    • Peace Maker – Negotiating a settlement of Russo-Japanese war

    • Nobel peace prize in 1906


Panama canal a man a plan a canal panama amanap lanac a nalp a nam a

Panama Canala man a plan a canal panamaamanaplanac a nalp a nam a

  • Hay-Pauncefote – Britain gave the U.S. exclusive rights to build and control the canal

  • 2 possible routes

    • Nicaragua – much of it crossed a lake

    • Panama ( a Colombian province) – shorter

      • U.S. needed to get permission from Colombia

      • When negotiations broke down Philippe Bunau-Varilla helped to organize a rebellion against Colombia


Panama canal

Panama Canal


Roosevelt corollary

Roosevelt Corollary

  • Addition to the Monroe Doctrine

    • The U.S. will intervene if a Latin American country does something that may put them in danger.

    • Dollar Diplomacy

      • Guaranteed loans to foreign countries to keep European powers out of Latin America


Big stick diplomacy

Speak softly and Carry a big stick

BIG STICK DIPLOMACY


Woodrow wilson s missionary diplomacy

Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy

  • Diaz, Madero, Huerta, and Carranza

    • Wilson looks to oust Huerta

    • Uses a incident to do so

    • Take notes on your own starting on 363

      • Use the headlines in the book

      • Underline names and terms

      • There will be a quiz on this portion of your book tomorrow


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