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Los adjetivos. ¿Cómo eres? Describing people & things. Descriptive Adjectives : These adjectives are used to find out (describe) what people & things are like. *They agree in number & gender with the noun & usually go AFTER the noun (L as alfombr as roj as ) OR

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Los adjetivos

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Los adjetivos

Los adjetivos

C mo eres describing people things

¿Cómo eres?Describing people & things

Descriptive Adjectives: These adjectives are used to find out (describe) what people & things are like.

*They agree in number & gender with the noun & usually go AFTER the noun (Lasalfombrasrojas) OR

*These adjectives can follow the verb SER (or ESTAR or other linking verb) to form a complete sentence (Las alfombrasSONrojas.)



  • Describe a noun or pronoun

  • Mostadjectives ending in-a are feminine. They have 4 forms.

  • Mostmasculineadjectives ending in–oare masculine. They have 4 forms.

  • Most adjectives thatdo not end in -a or -ouse thesameform for bothmasculineandfeminine. They have 2 forms. (There are a few exceptions, like trabajador, to memorize.)

Exceptions to the rule of agreement formation

EXCEPTIONS to the rule of agreement formation

Los adjetivos

  • Adjectives ending in -dor are made feminine by adding -a

    encantador / encantadoratrabajador / trabajadora

  • Adjectives ending in -án / -ón are made feminine by adding -a and dropping the accent from the masculine singular form.

  • Adjectives of nationality are made feminine by adding -a (and dropping any accent from the masculine singular form)

    alemán / alemanafrancés / francesa

Descriptive adjectives


  • Agreein gender and number with the noun or pronoun they modify.

  • (ms) (mpl) (fs) (fpl)

  • Usuallyfollowthe noun or the verbs ser or estar

    La casablanca / lascasasblancas

    La casa esblanca / lascasassonblancas

    El papelblanco / los papelesblancos

    El papelesblanco / los papelessonblancos

Adjectives that are placed in front of the noun

Adjectives that are placed infront of the noun

  • A few common adjectives precedethe noun.

  • Adjectives of quantity (mucho, poco, bastante, suficiente, (muchodinero / bastantedinero)

  • Apocopated adjectives are adjectives that are cutshort in the masculine singular form when they precedethe noun. (bueno, malo, primero, segundo, tercero, etc, uno, alguno)

  • (El buenchico - La buenachica)



  • Is apocopated (cut short) in front ofany singular noun

  • Before the noun it means great

  • After the noun it means large

  • La gran oportunidad- the greatopportunity

  • La ciudad grande- the large city

After a verb

After a Verb

  • In a sentence with a linking verb like SER or ESTAR, an adjective can be used after the verb to describe a noun that comes before the verb.

  • In these sentences the adjective will not be shortened (apocopated) even if the noun is singular and masculine because the adjective is not in front of the noun.

  • Mario es malo.

  • Mario es un mal chico.

  • Julia es buena.

  • Julia es una buena chica.

Los adjetivos

REMEMBER ----- you are given the masculine singular form of the

adjective in the dictionary, word lists, etc. It is up to you to determine and use the

correct form!

Adjective agreement


Adjective agreement1


C mo eres

¿Cómo eres?


  • Yo soy delgado.

C mo eres1

¿Cómo eres?


  • Yo soy rico.

C mo es miguel

¿Cómo es Miguel?


  • Miguel es viejo.

C mo es ana

¿Cómo es Ana?


  • Ella es joven.

C mo es el libro

¿Cómo es el libro?

Interesting and funny

  • El libro es interesante y cómico.

C mo es el estudiante

¿Cómoes el estudiante?


  • El estudianteesperesozo.

C mo es la clase de espa ol

¿Cómo es la clase de español?

  • La claseesbuenaporque la profesoraesmuyinteligente!

C mo son ellos

¿Cómo son ellos?


  • Son gordos.

C mo son las chicas

¿Cómo son las chicas?

Ugly and bad

  • Ellas son feas y malas.

Identify each of the following persons using a descriptive adjective

Identify each of the following persons using a descriptive adjective.

Los adjetivos

  • Practicamos: Write a complete sentence describing each thing or person below.

    Ex: profesores/intelligent = Los profesores son inteligentes.

  • Comida del restaurante / bad

  • Matematicas / interesting (interesante)

  • Amigos / nice

  • Libro en la clase de ingles/ boring (aburrido)

  • Director / serious

  • Colegio / big

  • Mishermanas / funny

  • Homework / hard (difícil)

Los adjetivos

  • Practicamos: Al contrario! Your friend is talking but everything he says is wrong. Change each statement to the opposite of what your friend says:

    Ex: Fernando es inteligente. No, no es inteligente. Es tonto.

    1. Mis clases son fáciles.

  • La clase de historia es desorganizada.

  • Texas es pequeño.

  • Las profesoras son antipáticas.

  • Alberto es alto.

  • Mis amigos son malos.

  • Soy seria.

  • Ana es vieja.

  • Somos trabajadores.

Los adjetivos




Los adjetivos

La profesora -estricto

Tucompañero - nuevo

Mi amiga - bueno

Las clases - difícil

Un chico - pequeño

La jugadora - alto

Los examenes - facil

Los zapatos - feo

El perro - grande

Unapelícula - aburrido

La profesoraestricta


Mi buenaamiga

Las clasesdifíciles

Un chicopequeño

La jugadoraalta

Los examenesfaciles

Los zapatosfeos

El perrogrande


Add the adjective to the phrase. Be sure to use the correct form and placement.1. do not use ser2. use ser

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