Los adjetivos
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Los adjetivos. ¿Cómo eres? Describing people & things. Descriptive Adjectives : These adjectives are used to find out (describe) what people & things are like. *They agree in number & gender with the noun & usually go AFTER the noun (L as alfombr as roj as ) OR

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Los adjetivos

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Los adjetivos


¿Cómo eres?Describing people & things

Descriptive Adjectives: These adjectives are used to find out (describe) what people & things are like.

*They agree in number & gender with the noun & usually go AFTER the noun (Lasalfombrasrojas) OR

*These adjectives can follow the verb SER (or ESTAR or other linking verb) to form a complete sentence (Las alfombrasSONrojas.)


ADJECTIVES

  • Describe a noun or pronoun

  • Mostadjectives ending in-a are feminine. They have 4 forms.

  • Mostmasculineadjectives ending in–oare masculine. They have 4 forms.

  • Most adjectives thatdo not end in -a or -ouse thesameform for bothmasculineandfeminine. They have 2 forms. (There are a few exceptions, like trabajador, to memorize.)


EXCEPTIONS to the rule of agreement formation


  • Adjectives ending in -dor are made feminine by adding -a

    encantador / encantadoratrabajador / trabajadora

  • Adjectives ending in -án / -ón are made feminine by adding -a and dropping the accent from the masculine singular form.

  • Adjectives of nationality are made feminine by adding -a (and dropping any accent from the masculine singular form)

    alemán / alemanafrancés / francesa


DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES

  • Agreein gender and number with the noun or pronoun they modify.

  • (ms) (mpl) (fs) (fpl)

  • Usuallyfollowthe noun or the verbs ser or estar

    La casablanca / lascasasblancas

    La casa esblanca / lascasassonblancas

    El papelblanco / los papelesblancos

    El papelesblanco / los papelessonblancos


Adjectives that are placed infront of the noun

  • A few common adjectives precedethe noun.

  • Adjectives of quantity (mucho, poco, bastante, suficiente, (muchodinero / bastantedinero)

  • Apocopated adjectives are adjectives that are cutshort in the masculine singular form when they precedethe noun. (bueno, malo, primero, segundo, tercero, etc, uno, alguno)

  • (El buenchico - La buenachica)


GRANDE

  • Is apocopated (cut short) in front ofany singular noun

  • Before the noun it means great

  • After the noun it means large

  • La gran oportunidad- the greatopportunity

  • La ciudad grande- the large city


After a Verb

  • In a sentence with a linking verb like SER or ESTAR, an adjective can be used after the verb to describe a noun that comes before the verb.

  • In these sentences the adjective will not be shortened (apocopated) even if the noun is singular and masculine because the adjective is not in front of the noun.

  • Mario es malo.

  • Mario es un mal chico.

  • Julia es buena.

  • Julia es una buena chica.


REMEMBER ----- you are given the masculine singular form of the

adjective in the dictionary, word lists, etc. It is up to you to determine and use the

correct form!


ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT


ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT


¿Cómo eres?

(thin)

  • Yo soy delgado.


¿Cómo eres?

(rich)

  • Yo soy rico.


¿Cómo es Miguel?

(old)

  • Miguel es viejo.


¿Cómo es Ana?

(young)

  • Ella es joven.


¿Cómo es el libro?

Interesting and funny

  • El libro es interesante y cómico.


¿Cómoes el estudiante?

lazy

  • El estudianteesperesozo.


¿Cómo es la clase de español?

  • La claseesbuenaporque la profesoraesmuyinteligente!


¿Cómo son ellos?

(fat)

  • Son gordos.


¿Cómo son las chicas?

Ugly and bad

  • Ellas son feas y malas.


Identify each of the following persons using a descriptive adjective.


  • Practicamos: Write a complete sentence describing each thing or person below.

    Ex: profesores/intelligent = Los profesores son inteligentes.

  • Comida del restaurante / bad

  • Matematicas / interesting (interesante)

  • Amigos / nice

  • Libro en la clase de ingles/ boring (aburrido)

  • Director / serious

  • Colegio / big

  • Mishermanas / funny

  • Homework / hard (difícil)


  • Practicamos: Al contrario! Your friend is talking but everything he says is wrong. Change each statement to the opposite of what your friend says:

    Ex: Fernando es inteligente. No, no es inteligente. Es tonto.

    1. Mis clases son fáciles.

  • La clase de historia es desorganizada.

  • Texas es pequeño.

  • Las profesoras son antipáticas.

  • Alberto es alto.

  • Mis amigos son malos.

  • Soy seria.

  • Ana es vieja.

  • Somos trabajadores.


¡PRACTICAMOS!

¡PRACTICAMOS!

¡PRACTICAMOS!


La profesora -estricto

Tucompañero - nuevo

Mi amiga - bueno

Las clases - difícil

Un chico - pequeño

La jugadora - alto

Los examenes - facil

Los zapatos - feo

El perro - grande

Unapelícula - aburrido

La profesoraestricta

Tucompañeronuevo

Mi buenaamiga

Las clasesdifíciles

Un chicopequeño

La jugadoraalta

Los examenesfaciles

Los zapatosfeos

El perrogrande

Unapelículaaburrida

Add the adjective to the phrase. Be sure to use the correct form and placement.1. do not use ser2. use ser


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