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NFPs as Vehicles for Next-Generation Regulation:. Lessons from Canadian and European Experience. Jeremy Rayner (Malaspina University-College) Michael Howlett (Simon Fraser University). Overview: The Future of NFPs. Internationalization, governance and steering

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nfps as vehicles for next generation regulation

NFPs as Vehicles for Next-Generation Regulation:

Lessons from Canadian and European Experience

Jeremy Rayner (Malaspina University-College)

Michael Howlett (Simon Fraser University)

overview the future of nfps
Overview: The Future of NFPs
  • Internationalization, governance and steering
  • NFPs as governance frameworks for SFM
  • Both adoption and shape of NFP depends on:
    • Relationship of private and public sector governance capacities
  • Canada – a NFP in a non-European context
  • Internationalization (and “europeanization”) cause convergence; domestic factors cause divergence
  • Internationalization, governance and steering
  • NFPs as governance frameworks for SFM
  • Both adoption and shape of NFP depends on:
    • Relationship of private and public sector governance capacities
  • Canada – a NFP in a non-European context
  • Internationalization (and “europeanization”) cause convergence; domestic factors cause divergence
internationalization governance and steering
Internationalization, Governance and Steering
  • Governance arguments
    • Domestic policy escapes government control in era of internationalization
    • The “hollow state”: private actors with public coordination
  • Governance challenges
    • Democratic governments still responsible for policy outcomes
    • How to steer rather than row
  • Governance arguments
    • Domestic policy escapes government control in era of internationalization
    • The “hollow state”: private actors with public coordination
  • Governance challenges
    • Democratic governments still responsible for policy outcomes
    • How to steer rather than row
nfps as governance frameworks for sfm
NFPs as Governance Frameworks for SFM
  • Challenges of the SFM idea
  • Internationalization of SFM
  • The “weak regime” – IPF/IFF Action Plan
  • “Europeanization”: MCPFE, EU
  • Convergence without Europeanization?
  • Challenges of the SFM idea
  • Internationalization of SFM
  • The “weak regime” – IPF/IFF Action Plan
  • “Europeanization”: MCPFE, EU
  • Convergence without Europeanization?
governance public private coordination1
Governance: Public/Private Coordination

Regulated Self-Regulation

Private Self-Regulation

InterventionistRegulation

InterferingRegulation

nfps reflect this dynamic1
NFPs Reflect This Dynamic

Classical NFP

Equivalent to NFP

Failed NFP

Rhetorical NFP

canada internationalization without europeanization
Canada: Internationalization Without Europeanization
  • Overview of Canadian forest law and policy
    • Federal-Provincial division of powers favours the provinces
    • Provincial convergence on long-term tenures with management requirements
    • “Integrated resource management” really timber management under constraints
  • Overview of Canadian forest law and policy
    • Federal-Provincial division of powers favours the provinces
    • Provincial convergence on long-term tenures with management requirements
    • “Integrated resource management” really timber management under constraints
the difficult transition
The Difficult Transition
  • Closed policy-networks form around implementation of long-term tenures
  • Resistant to admitting new ideas and new actors
    • When issues are framed as technical ones
  • Export dependency makes Canada vulnerable to internationalization
  • No lack of campaignable issues to work on
  • Closed policy-networks form around implementation of long-term tenures
  • Resistant to admitting new ideas and new actors
    • When issues are framed as technical ones
  • Export dependency makes Canada vulnerable to internationalization
  • No lack of campaignable issues to work on
the failure of reregulation
The Failure of Reregulation
  • First response to internationalization is reregulation
    • BC Forest Practices Code
    • Ontario Crown Forest Sustainability Act
  • Reregulation fails
    • Too expensive
    • Requires constant pressure from INGOs
the fifth nfss as a governance framework
The Fifth NFSS as a Governance Framework
  • Various next generation initiatives
    • Certification
    • Results-based Code in BC
    • Incentives for experimentation and alternative silviculture
  • Need a governance framework
    • Change in focus of NFSS
      • from rhetorical NFP to emphasis on information and audit
  • Various next generation initiatives
    • Certification
    • Results-based Code in BC
    • Incentives for experimentation and alternative silviculture
  • Need a governance framework
    • Change in focus of NFSS
      • from rhetorical NFP to emphasis on information and audit
the future of nfps what can we expect
The Future of NFPs:What Can We Expect?
  • Convergence and divergence in different regional settings
  • Instrument choice
    • Focus on the right instrument mix
    • Auditing & information
  • Implementation
    • A powerful force for divergence
  • The death of the state?
  • Convergence and divergence in different regional settings
  • Instrument choice
    • Focus on the right instrument mix
    • Auditing & information
  • Implementation
    • A powerful force for divergence
  • The death of the state?
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