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NFPs as Vehicles for Next-Generation Regulation:. Lessons from Canadian and European Experience. Jeremy Rayner (Malaspina University-College) Michael Howlett (Simon Fraser University). Overview: The Future of NFPs. Internationalization, governance and steering

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Nfps as vehicles for next generation regulation

NFPs as Vehicles for Next-Generation Regulation:

Lessons from Canadian and European Experience

Jeremy Rayner (Malaspina University-College)

Michael Howlett (Simon Fraser University)


Overview the future of nfps
Overview: The Future of NFPs

  • Internationalization, governance and steering

  • NFPs as governance frameworks for SFM

  • Both adoption and shape of NFP depends on:

    • Relationship of private and public sector governance capacities

  • Canada – a NFP in a non-European context

  • Internationalization (and “europeanization”) cause convergence; domestic factors cause divergence

  • Internationalization, governance and steering

  • NFPs as governance frameworks for SFM

  • Both adoption and shape of NFP depends on:

    • Relationship of private and public sector governance capacities

  • Canada – a NFP in a non-European context

  • Internationalization (and “europeanization”) cause convergence; domestic factors cause divergence


Internationalization governance and steering
Internationalization, Governance and Steering

  • Governance arguments

    • Domestic policy escapes government control in era of internationalization

    • The “hollow state”: private actors with public coordination

  • Governance challenges

    • Democratic governments still responsible for policy outcomes

    • How to steer rather than row

  • Governance arguments

    • Domestic policy escapes government control in era of internationalization

    • The “hollow state”: private actors with public coordination

  • Governance challenges

    • Democratic governments still responsible for policy outcomes

    • How to steer rather than row


Nfps as governance frameworks for sfm
NFPs as Governance Frameworks for SFM

  • Challenges of the SFM idea

  • Internationalization of SFM

  • The “weak regime” – IPF/IFF Action Plan

  • “Europeanization”: MCPFE, EU

  • Convergence without Europeanization?

  • Challenges of the SFM idea

  • Internationalization of SFM

  • The “weak regime” – IPF/IFF Action Plan

  • “Europeanization”: MCPFE, EU

  • Convergence without Europeanization?



Governance public private coordination1
Governance: Public/Private Coordination

Regulated Self-Regulation

Private Self-Regulation

InterventionistRegulation

InterferingRegulation



Nfps reflect this dynamic1
NFPs Reflect This Dynamic

Classical NFP

Equivalent to NFP

Failed NFP

Rhetorical NFP




Canada internationalization without europeanization
Canada: Internationalization Without Europeanization

  • Overview of Canadian forest law and policy

    • Federal-Provincial division of powers favours the provinces

    • Provincial convergence on long-term tenures with management requirements

    • “Integrated resource management” really timber management under constraints

  • Overview of Canadian forest law and policy

    • Federal-Provincial division of powers favours the provinces

    • Provincial convergence on long-term tenures with management requirements

    • “Integrated resource management” really timber management under constraints


The difficult transition
The Difficult Transition

  • Closed policy-networks form around implementation of long-term tenures

  • Resistant to admitting new ideas and new actors

    • When issues are framed as technical ones

  • Export dependency makes Canada vulnerable to internationalization

  • No lack of campaignable issues to work on

  • Closed policy-networks form around implementation of long-term tenures

  • Resistant to admitting new ideas and new actors

    • When issues are framed as technical ones

  • Export dependency makes Canada vulnerable to internationalization

  • No lack of campaignable issues to work on



The failure of reregulation
The Failure of Reregulation

  • First response to internationalization is reregulation

    • BC Forest Practices Code

    • Ontario Crown Forest Sustainability Act

  • Reregulation fails

    • Too expensive

    • Requires constant pressure from INGOs


The fifth nfss as a governance framework
The Fifth NFSS as a Governance Framework

  • Various next generation initiatives

    • Certification

    • Results-based Code in BC

    • Incentives for experimentation and alternative silviculture

  • Need a governance framework

    • Change in focus of NFSS

      • from rhetorical NFP to emphasis on information and audit

  • Various next generation initiatives

    • Certification

    • Results-based Code in BC

    • Incentives for experimentation and alternative silviculture

  • Need a governance framework

    • Change in focus of NFSS

      • from rhetorical NFP to emphasis on information and audit


The future of nfps what can we expect
The Future of NFPs:What Can We Expect?

  • Convergence and divergence in different regional settings

  • Instrument choice

    • Focus on the right instrument mix

    • Auditing & information

  • Implementation

    • A powerful force for divergence

  • The death of the state?

  • Convergence and divergence in different regional settings

  • Instrument choice

    • Focus on the right instrument mix

    • Auditing & information

  • Implementation

    • A powerful force for divergence

  • The death of the state?


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