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Intergovernmental Relations. Definitions A. Old style federalism (dual) B. New style federalism (cooperative). Intergovernmental relations. C. Creative federalism: joint planning and decisionmaking (LBJ). Focus on Great Society programs

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intergovernmental relations

Intergovernmental Relations

Definitions

A. Old style federalism (dual)

B. New style federalism (cooperative)

intergovernmental relations1
Intergovernmental relations
  • C. Creative federalism: joint planning and decisionmaking (LBJ). Focus on Great Society programs
  • D. New federalism (Nixon): return autonomy to states but keep federal funding
  • E. New new federalism (Reagan/Bush): cut federal grants, transferred programs back to states
intergovernmental relations2
Intergovernmental Relations
  • II. Evolution of Federalism
  • A. Requires the following features:
  • 1. written constitution dividing powers
  • 2. levels of govt. exercising powers over citizens directly

3. constitutional distribution of powers that cannot be changed unilaterally

intergovernmental relations3
Intergovernmental Relations
  • III. Types/Categories of governments
  • A. Unitary: all important power rests with national government (Japan)
  • B. Confederacy: power rests with ‘sovereign’ state governments (European Union)
  • C. Federation: national govt. shares power with states (U.S., Germany)
intergovernmental relations4
Intergovernmental Relations

IV. Analogies of Federalism

A. Layer Cake model

B. Marble cake model/cooperative

C. Picket fence model

federalism and igr
Federalism and IGR
  • V. Grants-in-Aid (Fiscal Federalism)
  • A. Purposes Behind Grants: fiscal mismatch
  • B. Categorical grants
  • 1. matching provisions
  • 2. discretion given to federal govt.
  • 3. different types: formula and project
federalism and igr1
Federalism and IGR
  • C. Block grants
  • 1. few guidelines
  • 2. discretion to states
  • D. General Revenue sharing (GRS)
  • 1. almost no guidelines
  • 2. eventually eliminated due to abuse
federalism and igr2
Federalism and IGR
  • VI. The Development of National Supremacy
  • A. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
  • 1. background
  • 2. legal issues
  • 3. Court ruling
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