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RECOGNITION OF NON-FORMAL AND INFORMAL EDUCATION IN SLOVENIAN HIGHER EDUCATION. 3 rd Annual EFYE Conference, University of Wolverhampton, Telford Campus, 7 to 9 May 2008. Aleksandra Kovač, Nada Trunk-Širca, Doris Gomezelj, Živana Marčeta. Introduction.
3rd Annual EFYE Conference,
University of Wolverhampton, Telford Campus,
7 to 9 May 2008
Aleksandra Kovač, Nada Trunk-Širca,
Doris Gomezelj, Živana Marčeta
Recognitionrefers to learning achievements of individuals which might lead to a qualification. Recognised Individual’s knowledge might be used as credit to benefit in the labour market in entry to formal education, financially or in terms of status or self-esteem(OECD, 2004).
Formal learningis associated with an educational institution (or workplace) which offers instruction programme and is intentional from the learner’s perspective. Formal learning is always recognised in a certificate or qualification(OECD, 2004).
Non-formallearning is achieved when an individual follows an organised programme of instruction in an educational institution, workplace or in the home. This kind of learning is often embedded in planned activitiesthat are often not designated as learning but which contain an important learning element. It does not lead to formal qualifications or certification (OECD, 2004).
Informal learningis achieved outside of organised education or training provision and is not organised or structured. In most cases it is unintentional and it is a result from daily ‘experience’ which occurs throughout life (work, family or leisure activities). It does not lead to certification (OECD, 2004).
Lifelong learningis undertaken throughout life and improves knowledge, skills and competencies within personal, civic, social and/or employment-related perspectives. Thus the whole spectrum of learning, formal, non-formal and informal is included as are active citizenship, personal fulfilment, social inclusion and professional, vocational and employment related aspects.
Validation has numerous positive effects(Colardyn&Bjornavold, 2004):
Legal framework for non-formal and informal learning
Allows all forms of LLL
Article 35: criteria for recognition of knowledge and skills gained before enrolment into a study program are part of the accredeted study program (also criteria for passing into the next year and the transition between study programs).
Article 49: HE Council is responsible to define criteria for accreditation of knowledge and skills acquired before enrolment into a first degree study program. (NOT done)
The Ministry of HE, Science and Technology financed the Project on recognition non-formal and informal education (2005-06)
The majority of applicants were 31 to 40 years old and employed in the public sector.
Through recognition we will: