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Parent-Student Orientation Created by: Oregon Driver Education Center - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Welcome. ODEC. Oregon Driver Education Center. Objectives: A. Why Driver Education? B. Creating a Successful Partnership C. New Terminology D . Establish Steps for Success. At the end of the day. . . It’s about getting home safely!. The Bad News.

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welcome
Welcome

ODEC

Oregon Driver Education Center

Objectives:

A. Why Driver Education?

B. Creating a Successful Partnership

C. New Terminology

D. Establish Steps for Success

at the end of the day
At the end of the day. . .

It’s about getting home safely!

the bad news
The Bad News

Automobile crashes are the #1 cause of death for teens in Oregon.

More than 600 were involved in fatal & injury collisions in 2006.

the good news
The Good News

A national study (NHTSA, 2005) completed in Oregon revealed that teens taking formal driver education are. . .

  • 11-21% less likely to be in a collision,
  • 39-57% less likely to have a traffic conviction,
  • 51-53% less likely to have their license suspended.
you ve made the right decision
You’ve Made the Right Decision

Teenagers taught to drive by both professionals and their parents are nearly three times less likely to be involved in serious accidents than those who do not receive professional training.

-NHTSA (2007)

what caused the drop in death and injury crashes
What Caused the Drop in Death and Injury Crashes?

Oregon’s Graduated Driver’s License Program took effect in 1998.

Fatal and injury crashes for 16 and 17 year have dropped dramatically ever since.

good reason for the rules
Good Reason for the Rules
  • With one teen passenger, the average new driver is TWICE as likely to be involved in a crash.
  • With two teen passengers, the average new driver is THREE times as likely to crash.
  • With three teen passengers, the average new driver is FOUR times as likely to crash.
let s put that another way parents
Let’s put that another way… Parents:

Do you want your

Son/Daughter To be

an driver

NO?

“Average”

the solution
The Solution

Good Habit Development

It requires a successful

Partnership

between…

Teacher, Student and Parents

slide14

Students need

GUIDED PRACTICE

to form good

Driving Habits

we all know about practice
We all know about practice-

But what is GUIDED PRACTICE?

Do you remember learning how to type?

what is guided practice
What is Guided Practice?

Let’s try it together:

Using an imaginary keyboard, close your eyes and

and type the word

the

could you do it
Could you do it?

Could you see the keyboard

in your mind?

Which fingers did you use?

slide18

If you could “see” the keyboard in your mind, and type the letters, it’s because you learned to type through guided practice.

Your teacher taught you where to place your fingers on the keyboard and where each letter was located. Then you practiced until you could successfully type anything you wanted.

You built good habits!

guided practice principles
Guided Practice Principles
  • It is provided by a Parent/Coach.
  • Supervised practice of specific maneuvers on a prescribed route. It supplements what the student has learned in class and the in-car sessions.
  • You can plan your lessons with the Oregon Parent Guide to Teen Driving
  • Your attitudes and values have the greatest influence upon your teen towards safe driving practices.
  • Parents need to provide their teen with five hours of guided practice during the driver education course.
learning occurs when behavior is changed
“Learning”occurs when behavior is changed

How do we change behavior

and learn good habits?

habit development

K

H

S

A

Habit Development

Knowledge: What to do

Skill: How to do it

Attitude: Desire or want to do it

K+S+A = Habit

Pattern of Behavior Can Be Learned or

unlearned

Requires Time, Energy and Commitment

the learning progression
The Learning Progression

4th - Unconsciously

Competent (This is the goal! Habitually correct

behavior.)

3rd - Consciously

Competent (Lots of practice to reach this point, but

still have more to learn.)

2nd - Consciously

Incompetent (We understand the task, but are

not but are not very good at it.)

1st -Unconsciously

Incompetent (We have no idea how to perform a task.)

Stage 4 can only be achieved

through guided practice.

how many times must you repeat a behavior before it becomes a habit
How many times must you repeat a behavior before it becomes a habit?
  • 8 Times = long term memory
  • 28 times = unconscious memory (habit)

Conclusion:

Students don’t drive the way they were taught because they don’t do the correct behavior enough times for it to become habitual.

slide24

10 Model Driving Habits

Form the Basis of the

Driver Education Course

  • Get Driver-Vehicle Readiness
  • See a clear path before moving
  • Keep the car in balance
  • Use reference points
  • Do LOS-POT searching
  • Turn decisions into actions
  • Control the intersection
  • Get rear zone control
  • Get control with a vehicle in front
  • Be courteous to others
us crash pyramid
US Crash Pyramid

Deaths 42,600

Disabled 200,000

Injuries 2,799,000

Minor Crashes

Close Calls

Stressful Situations

High Risk Driver Behaviors

Estimated 9 X 10 ²³

“Not Everything That Counts Can Be Counted”

- Albert Einstein

slide26

The statistics on the previous slide are the best reason for each of us to commit to spending as much time as necessary to teach our youngest drivers the skills and habits they need to be safe.

We should feel some outrage to know that more than 42,000 Americans die on our roads each year. And we should be dismayed to know that nearly 3 million of us are injured in crashes each year.

slide27

Parents-

Did you take Driver Education?

Do you think anything has changed?

slide29

Don’t feel too bad. It used to be yellow

It changed about 15 years ago.

slide30

What will your studentlearn?

Vision vs. Perception

Response vs. Reaction

Lane Position

Pull-Push Steering Technique

Following Distance

Reference Points

Zone Control

and so much more!

vision vs perception
Vision vs. Perception

Take the following test.

Read the following sentence through once and count the number of f’s.

slide32

FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-

SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF-

IC STUDY COMBINED WITH

YEARSOF EXPERIENCE.

slide34

FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-

SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF-

IC STUDY COMBINED WITH

YEARS OF EXPERIENCE.

slide35

How did you do? There were 6 letter f’s in the sentence. Would you have done better if you had known you were looking for 6 of them?

This illustrates the difference between vision and perception. Perception involves seeing as well as understanding what to look for and how to interpret the information we gather.

Proper Perception is vital to good driving!

slide36

Changes That May Surprise You!

  • Hand Position: 3 & 9 or 4 & 8
  • Braking technique: Squeeze; don’t pump
  • Mirror Adjustment: Enhanced Setting
  • Headlights On: Night and DAY!
  • Steering Technique: Pull/Push vs. hand over hand
  • Sign changes
  • Legal Stop position
  • Graduated Driver’s Licensing
mirror adjustment
Mirror Adjustment

Enhanced method

Traditional view

slide38

Adjusting the Side Mirrors

The next slide shows the blind spot created by the traditional mirror adjustment, which involves a large overlap in what is seen in the three mirrors.

Notice that the blind spot with this mirror setting is big enough to easily hide a full-sized vehicle from the view created by the side mirror.

slide39

TRADITIONAL SETTING

RIGHT BLIND SPOT

REAR

MIRROR

VIEW

TRADITIONAL SETTING

LEFT BLIND SPOT

Cones outline the blind areas caused by traditional mirror settings

Traditional side view mirror settings shows same view as rear view mirror

RIGHT SIDE VIEW

LEFT SIDE VIEW

slide40

Blind Spot—Glare Elimination

The enhanced mirror adjustment is pictured on the following slide. While this setting doesn’t eliminate the need for over the shoulder checks, as you can see, this setting does make the side blind spot much, much smaller.

All you need to do to achieve the enhanced setting is tilt the mirrors out about 12 degrees so that the side of your vehicle is not visible when you look in the mirrors.

slide41

The BGE enhanced side mirror settings (15 degrees to outside) minimizes right and left side mirror blind areas

ENHANCED RIGHT SIDE MIRROR VIEW

REAR MIRROR

VIEW

ENHANCED LEFT SIDE MIRROR VIEW

lane position
Lane Position

Space management is an important aspect of driver’s education. Managing the space in our lane of traffic is particularly important.

To make it easy to talk about the space within our lane, numbers are assigned to each area. These lane positions allow students to learn to effectively use each part of their lane to improve their line of sight and establish the best separation from other vehicles or obstacles.

slide43

4

2

1

3

5

Lane Position Options

Lane position 4 and 5:

Straddling the line to avoid a problem

making lane changes
Making Lane Changes

Because making lane changes is a potentially troublesome maneuver for most new drivers, we work on a procedure they can use to be sure they are making a safe movement from one lane to another. We use the acronym MSMOG to help them remember where to look and what to look for as they prepare for lane changes.

lane change acronym
Lane Change Acronym

Mirror-(Rear View)

Signal

Mirror-(Side View)

Over-the-Shoulder

Go

more lane change considerations
More Lane Change Considerations

Once the students understand how to use MSMOG to be sure it’s safe to change lanes, they are taught to steer smoothly through the lane changes by referring to the lane positions.

control your tracking path
Control Your Tracking Path

1

  • Maintain Your Speed
  • Move to new lane
  • Cancel Signal
  • Evaluate Front & Rear Zone Conditions
  • Get Best Lane Position

3

4

2

steering techniques
Steering Techniques

You were probably taught to hold the steering wheel at the 10 & 2 positions. But chances are you learned to drive on a vehicle that did not have air bags.

And you probably used a hand over hand technique to steer into turns.

But your students will be taught pull-push steering. They will hold the wheel at 8 & 4 or at 9 & 3, and learn to turn without crossing their hands—a safer form of steering air-bag equipped vehicles.

pull push advantages
Pull-Push Advantages
  • Pull-push steering gives better steering control.
  • The driver keeps both hands on the wheel at all times.
  • The left and right hands never cross to the opposite side of the wheel, minimizing risk of injury due to air bag deployment.
slide51

11

1

  • Right Turn
  • Left Hand Push Up
  • Right Turn
  • Right Hand Pull Down

7

5

Turning with Pull-Push Steering

A right turn is initiated by pulling the wheel down from 1 o’clock to five o’clock, while the left hand glides down to 7 o’clock.

At that point, the left hand goes to work, pushing the wheel up to 11 o’clock, while the right hand glides up to one o’clock to meet it and so on.

what is a los pot
What is a LOS – POT?

Learning some new vocabulary will be part of your student’s experience, too.

LINE OF SIGHT: Anything that blocks our ability to gather critical information.

PATH OF TRAVEL: Anything that blocks our ability to occupy a space in the road.

slide53

How is your LOS (Line of Sight)?

What is the Potential Problem?

You have a line of sight blockage caused by the building. It could be hiding pedestrians on the sidewalk.

where should you stop
Where Should You Stop?

Students will learn how to make correct, complete Legal Stops.

They will practice making Safety Stops to improve their line of sight.

And they will learn the advantages of the Staggered Stop and when to use it.

slide56

LOS

Safety StopFront even with the curb line. Move to this position after the Legal Stop to improve your Line of Sight.

LOS

Remember: This position is IN ADDITION to a Legal Stop!

reference points
Reference Points

Students quickly find that the body of the vehicle causes a large blind area that makes the car seem to be much larger than it really is.

We introduce the concept of reference points to help them overcome the problem.

slide60

You can line up the side view mirror with the curb line. Students learn a series of reference points that will help them place their vehicle precisely. The best part is that the reference points work on all vehicles.

keeping the car in balance
Keeping the Car in Balance

Show me what it feels like…

  • when a driver slams on the brake.
  • when a driver takes off too fast.
  • when a driver makes a turn too fast or a lane change too sharply.

These “feelings” should be seen as a RED FLAG that a high risk behavior is occurring.

vehicle balance terms used
Vehicle Balance Terms Used

Pitch– Vehicle weight is transferred to the front or the rear tires when braking or accelerating. Loss of traction can occur.

Roll- Vehicle weight is transferred to the side tires when turning or cornering. Loss of traction can occur.

Yaw – Traction to tires is lost causing vehicle to spin around its center of gravity or “Yaw” axis.

the zone control system
The Zone Control System

This is the framework for using the 10 Driving Habits in every situation.

  • FIND– Identify a LOS-POT change.
  • SOLVE– Check other zones and get necessary information to make a decision.
  • CONTROL– Applying the best SPEED control, best LANE POSITION and best

COMMUNICATION.

steps for success
STEPS FOR SUCCESS
  • Guided practice between BTW drives
  • Communicate with instructors
  • Have a Parent Teen Contract
  • Establish your families boundaries
goals for new drivers
Goals for New Drivers

TEENS WANT:

  • Wheels
  • Action
  • Peer Acceptance
  • Freedom

PARENTS WANT:

  • Child’s safety
  • Protection of investment
  • Respect for authority
  • Respect for others
course requirements
Course Requirements

Eligibility

To qualify for State Certification a student must complete 30 hrs of classroom instruction and 12 hrs of BTW instruction before obtaining their driver license and or their 18th birthday. An additional $210 will be charged for students who do not meet these guidelines.

Behind-the-Wheel (BTW)

BTW lessons occur outside of class time. Parents can begin scheduling the 6 lessons after the first day of class. Each lesson is 2hrs long. 1 hour the student drives and 1 hour they observe. There is a late cancelation fee for canceling a lesson with less than 72hr notice.

Classroom

Students are required to be in class for 30hrs and receive an 80% or higher to complete. Any class time missed must be made up prior to course completion. We have several location to make up hours missed hours

classroom
Classroom

There are 3 exit exams taken online at home.

If a student gets 90% or better on each exit exam they bypass the written final.

Student still has to show up for class because they have to be in class for 30 hours.

true or false
True or False?

Driver Ed will allow students to bypass the DMV drive test.

True!!

license requirements

License requirements

Still Need to have 50 hours of driving

Still have to take the knowledge test from DMV

Still have to have their permit for 6 months

Still has to be 16 years old

a parent teen agreement can bring you together
A Parent-Teen AgreementCan Bring You Together

Formal contract

Must be clear

Must be enforced

establish family boundaries
Establish Family Boundaries

The Graduated Drivers License creates

a few boundaries for the new licensed

driver.

You may want to consider these

boundaries for your own teen:

slide73

Set Driving Area Limits

80% of fatal collisions in Oregon occur on rural roads.

Restrict Night Driving

Most teen nighttime fatal crashes occur from 9pm to 12 am

Restrict their passengers

Tighten or further extent law already in place

Reduce Distractions

Have guidelines for loud music, etc.

Being a passenger

Know who your teen is driving with. Are they responsible?

remember you re their role model
Remember: You’re their Role Model!

New Drivers learn a lot by example, so be sure that you practice safe driving habits.

Teens with crashes and violations often have

role models with poor driving records.

choose vehicles for safety not image
Choose vehicles for safety, not image.

Teenagers should drive vehicles that reduce their chances of a crash and offer protection in case they do crash.

  • Small Cars don’t offer the best protection in a crash.
  • Airbags save lives.
  • Avoid cars with performance images, they encourage speeding.
  • Avoid trucks and sport utility vehicles – they are more prone to roll over.

Research vehicle crash test ratings at:

http://www.hwysafety.org/vehicle_ratings/ratings.htm

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