Research in Emerging Areas: Defense and Homeland Security
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Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Research in Emerging Areas: Defense and Homeland Security. Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting Washington, DC, January 8-9 2004. CITeR. http://www.citer.wvu.edu. Center for Identification Technology Research

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Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting

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Larry hornak co director citer west virginia university nsf i ucrc 2003 annual meeting

Research in Emerging Areas: Defense and Homeland Security

Larry Hornak

Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University

NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting

Washington, DC, January 8-9 2004

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics


Outline

Outline

  • Biometrics

  • CITeR evolution in the context of Homeland Security.

  • Federal Organizations as Members and Partners in Center growth

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics


Automated biometric systems

Automated Biometric Systems

Automated biometric systems rapidly capture a physiological “signature” of an individual (template), compare this signature to one or more previous records, and renders a match score for each comparison.

  • Ideally a biometric is unique, universal, collectable, and permanent in a user population.

    • Fingerprint, Iris, Face, Hand Geometry, Voice, Signature

  • Threshold score for a positive match is determined by population statistics and the application.

  • ???


    Biometric identification system application

    Biometric Identification System Application

    Biometrics is an enabling technology for establishing trust and privacy in a global, networked society, enabling individuals to both securely project and protect their identity.

    Biometric Systems, properly implemented, provide a means

    • For an individual to tightly bind his/her physical presence with his/her actions (Authentication), or

    • To determine whether an unidentified individual is among a group (Identification).


    Research challenges

    Research Challenges

    What are issues central to the viability of automated biometric system design?

    • Performance – Impact on Design and Implementation, FAR/FMR, FRR/FNMR Testing

    • Circumvention – Can the system be spoofed?

    • Acceptance – Perhaps the single most important issue for Biometric systems

      Highly interdisciplinary – EE, CpE, CS, Statistics, Law, Sociology, Public Policy…


    Citer s origin

    CITeR’s Origin

    • Planning Efforts began in 1999.

    • Organization: Virtual Multi-university

    • Original Target Membership – 1st: A biometrics industry and systems integrators serving an IT need for authentication that is tightly bound to the user, 2nd: DoD, criminal justice, government.

    • Planning Conference Fall 2000.

    • Began formally as NSF I/UCRC with Center award in Dec 2001. Key government, industry member advocates.

    CITeR

    http://www.citer.wvu.edu

    Center for Identification Technology Research

    An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

    in the area of Biometrics


    Citer s evolution

    CITeR’s Evolution

    By 2002, both membership and portfolio reflected shift in biometrics community (suppliers and end-users) post 9-11:

    • Government memberships more than doubled – multiple NSA organizations, TSA, FBI, DoD.

    • Government members became partners.

    • Increased interest by systems integrators.

    • Portfolio emphasized scaling, performance modeling, multibiometrics, security, and acceptance / public policy.

    CITeR

    http://www.citer.wvu.edu

    Center for Identification Technology Research

    An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

    in the area of Biometrics


    Citer s evolution1

    CITeR’s Evolution

    By Fall 2002 Members’ Meeting …

    • Specific projects have evolved to a level where increased funding levels are required for the next step in the work.

    • Given critical needs of the community, members opted to continue to support a spectrum of projects, rather than focus on limited areas with concentrated funding.

    • Members support a “seeding” concept of center activity. Promote the Center seeking larger awards to bring specific work initiated in the Center to the next level.

    CITeR

    http://www.citer.wvu.edu

    Center for Identification Technology Research

    An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

    in the area of Biometrics


    Citer information technology research itr pending award

    CITeR Information Technology Research (ITR) Pending Award

    • Major NSF Cross-Directorate Program

    • $3.2M Four-year program proposed

    • Funded through NSF by DHS.

      Year one award pending ($800K)

    CITeR

    http://www.citer.wvu.edu

    Center for Identification Technology Research

    An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

    in the area of Biometrics


    Larry hornak co director citer west virginia university nsf i ucrc 2003 annual meeting

    CITeR ITR Proposal Theme

    • In the emerging age of ubiquitous computing and pervasive IT, biometrics enables the trust and privacy which are prerequisites to a free society.

    Biometrics – Performance, Security, and Social Impact

    L. A. Hornak, B. Cukic, and H. Singh

    West Virginia University

    A. Jain

    Michigan State University

    S. Schuckers

    Clarkson University

    L. S. Nelson

    University of Pittsburgh

    M. Schuckers

    St. Lawrence University


    Larry hornak co director citer west virginia university nsf i ucrc 2003 annual meeting

    Task 1:Performance Evaluation Framework

    St. Lawrence, Clarkson, Michigan St., WVU

    Collaborative Research Domain

    Task 4: Implications of Technological Maturity

    Univ. of Pittsburgh, WVU

    Shared

    Expertise & Results.

    Coordinated

    Data

    Collection

    Task 2: Reduction of Performance Barriers:Multibiometrics and Liveness Det.Clarkson, Michigan State, WVU

    Task 6:Realization of Broader Impacts:Outreach, Education, and Dissemination.

    WVU & all institutions

    Task 5: Biometric System DesignMethodologies.

    WVU, U. of Pittsburgh

    Task 3: Societal Impact Study

    Univ. of Pittsburgh, U of Michigan Survey Center

    Joint Multibiometric

    Database

    • NSF ITR Project Roadmap and Task Flow Plan Leverages

      • CITeR’s collaborative relationships

      • CITeR’s Research Activity Base


    Value to citer membership

    Value to CITeR Membership

    • Research leverages past projects and feeds future portfolio directions.

      • Frees-up funding pool resources and stimulates new innovation

    • ITR Showcase Sessions: ITR research updates given at public sessions of CITeR Conferences.

      • Co-located with biannual CITeR Meetings

      • Reporting & input on research directions

      • Rapid access to and understanding of research products


    Role of federal org members as partners in development of emerging areas

    Role of Federal Org. Members as Partners in Development of Emerging Areas

    • Relative stability of federal memberships

    • Typically longer-term research view

    • Insight into federal research needs.

    • Become partners in Center growth as Center helps them achieve their organization’s goals.

    • Spread word within the government of Center Research activities and successes.

    • Serve an advocacy role for the Center in government circles.


    Questions and discussion

    Questions and Discussion

    CITeR

    http://www.citer.wvu.edu

    Center for Identification Technology Research

    An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

    in the area of Biometrics


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