slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on

Research in Emerging Areas: Defense and Homeland Security. Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting Washington, DC, January 8-9 2004. CITeR. http://www.citer.wvu.edu. Center for Identification Technology Research

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Larry Hornak Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting' - major


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Research in Emerging Areas: Defense and Homeland Security

Larry Hornak

Co-Director, CITeR, West Virginia University

NSF I/UCRC 2003 Annual Meeting

Washington, DC, January 8-9 2004

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

outline
Outline
  • Biometrics
  • CITeR evolution in the context of Homeland Security.
  • Federal Organizations as Members and Partners in Center growth

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

automated biometric systems
Automated Biometric Systems

Automated biometric systems rapidly capture a physiological “signature” of an individual (template), compare this signature to one or more previous records, and renders a match score for each comparison.

  • Ideally a biometric is unique, universal, collectable, and permanent in a user population.
      • Fingerprint, Iris, Face, Hand Geometry, Voice, Signature
  • Threshold score for a positive match is determined by population statistics and the application.

???

biometric identification system application
Biometric Identification System Application

Biometrics is an enabling technology for establishing trust and privacy in a global, networked society, enabling individuals to both securely project and protect their identity.

Biometric Systems, properly implemented, provide a means

  • For an individual to tightly bind his/her physical presence with his/her actions (Authentication), or
  • To determine whether an unidentified individual is among a group (Identification).
research challenges
Research Challenges

What are issues central to the viability of automated biometric system design?

  • Performance – Impact on Design and Implementation, FAR/FMR, FRR/FNMR Testing
  • Circumvention – Can the system be spoofed?
  • Acceptance – Perhaps the single most important issue for Biometric systems

Highly interdisciplinary – EE, CpE, CS, Statistics, Law, Sociology, Public Policy…

citer s origin
CITeR’s Origin
  • Planning Efforts began in 1999.
  • Organization: Virtual Multi-university
  • Original Target Membership – 1st: A biometrics industry and systems integrators serving an IT need for authentication that is tightly bound to the user, 2nd: DoD, criminal justice, government.
  • Planning Conference Fall 2000.
  • Began formally as NSF I/UCRC with Center award in Dec 2001. Key government, industry member advocates.

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

citer s evolution
CITeR’s Evolution

By 2002, both membership and portfolio reflected shift in biometrics community (suppliers and end-users) post 9-11:

  • Government memberships more than doubled – multiple NSA organizations, TSA, FBI, DoD.
  • Government members became partners.
  • Increased interest by systems integrators.
  • Portfolio emphasized scaling, performance modeling, multibiometrics, security, and acceptance / public policy.

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

citer s evolution1
CITeR’s Evolution

By Fall 2002 Members’ Meeting …

  • Specific projects have evolved to a level where increased funding levels are required for the next step in the work.
  • Given critical needs of the community, members opted to continue to support a spectrum of projects, rather than focus on limited areas with concentrated funding.
  • Members support a “seeding” concept of center activity. Promote the Center seeking larger awards to bring specific work initiated in the Center to the next level.

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

citer information technology research itr pending award
CITeR Information Technology Research (ITR) Pending Award
  • Major NSF Cross-Directorate Program
  • $3.2M Four-year program proposed
  • Funded through NSF by DHS.

Year one award pending ($800K)

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

slide10

CITeR ITR Proposal Theme

  • In the emerging age of ubiquitous computing and pervasive IT, biometrics enables the trust and privacy which are prerequisites to a free society.

Biometrics – Performance, Security, and Social Impact

L. A. Hornak, B. Cukic, and H. Singh

West Virginia University

A. Jain

Michigan State University

S. Schuckers

Clarkson University

L. S. Nelson

University of Pittsburgh

M. Schuckers

St. Lawrence University

slide11

Task 1:Performance Evaluation Framework

St. Lawrence, Clarkson, Michigan St., WVU

Collaborative Research Domain

Task 4: Implications of Technological Maturity

Univ. of Pittsburgh, WVU

Shared

Expertise & Results.

Coordinated

Data

Collection

Task 2: Reduction of Performance Barriers:Multibiometrics and Liveness Det.Clarkson, Michigan State, WVU

Task 6:Realization of Broader Impacts:Outreach, Education, and Dissemination.

WVU & all institutions

Task 5: Biometric System DesignMethodologies.

WVU, U. of Pittsburgh

Task 3: Societal Impact Study

Univ. of Pittsburgh, U of Michigan Survey Center

Joint Multibiometric

Database

  • NSF ITR Project Roadmap and Task Flow Plan Leverages
    • CITeR’s collaborative relationships
    • CITeR’s Research Activity Base
value to citer membership
Value to CITeR Membership
  • Research leverages past projects and feeds future portfolio directions.
    • Frees-up funding pool resources and stimulates new innovation
  • ITR Showcase Sessions: ITR research updates given at public sessions of CITeR Conferences.
    • Co-located with biannual CITeR Meetings
    • Reporting & input on research directions
    • Rapid access to and understanding of research products
role of federal org members as partners in development of emerging areas
Role of Federal Org. Members as Partners in Development of Emerging Areas
  • Relative stability of federal memberships
  • Typically longer-term research view
  • Insight into federal research needs.
  • Become partners in Center growth as Center helps them achieve their organization’s goals.
  • Spread word within the government of Center Research activities and successes.
  • Serve an advocacy role for the Center in government circles.
questions and discussion
Questions and Discussion

CITeR

http://www.citer.wvu.edu

Center for Identification Technology Research

An NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (IUCRC)

in the area of Biometrics

ad