Narrative Poetry —poetry that tells a story Lyric Poetry —poetry that is written in highly musical language that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker.
3. Tanka—a verse form poem with five unrhymed lines of five, seven, five, seven, and seven syllables. Conveys a single, vivid emotion
4. Haiku—a verse form poem with three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.
5. Villanelle—a nineteen-line lyric poem written in five, three-line stanzas and ending in a four-line stanza
6. Stanza- a repeated grouping of two or more lines that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme
7. Couplet- two, grouped lines of poetry
8. Tercet- three, grouped lines of poetry
9. Quatrain- four, grouped lines of poetry
10. Sonnet—a lyric poem consisting of fourteen lines. Divided into three four-line units called quatrains and ending with two rhymed lines known as a couplet. The typical rhyme scheme is ( a b a b c d c d e f e f g g )
11. Meter—a poem’s rhythmical pattern. Determined by # and arrangements of stressed syllables, or beats, in each line
12. Rhythm- the pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language
13. Figurative Language- writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally
14. Personification—giving human qualities to an animal, object, or idea (The waves danced.)
15. Simile—a comparison of unlike things using the word like or as (as slow as a snail)
16. Metaphor—compares two things without using the words “like” or “as” (The teacher is a drill sergeant.)
17. Speaker-the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem (Example: person, animal, thing, abstraction)
21. Alliteration—the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words (Black gloves, a broad black hat.)
22. Assonance—the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar consonant sounds
(Ah, but a man’s reach should exceed his grasp)
23. Onomatopoeia—the use of words that imitate sounds (i.e. buzz, crash, hiss, roar)
24. Consonance—the repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds (i.e. hat and sit)
25. Form—refers to the shape of a poem, the way the words and lines are arranged on the page
26. Eye Rhyme/Slant Rhyme—Words that appear to rhyme, but really don’t
(i.e. great, treat) These words are still assigned the same rhyme scheme letter.