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Butterfly Gardening. Written and Presented by: Cathy LeVahn Anoka County Master Gardener, Minnesota Tree Care Advisor. Butterfly Gardening. Introduction Behaviors to Watch Creating a Butterfly Garden. Introduction. Wildlife habitat is being destroyed Commercial development

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Butterfly Gardening

Written and Presented by: Cathy LeVahn

Anoka County Master Gardener, Minnesota Tree Care Advisor


ButterflyGardening

Introduction

Behaviors to Watch

Creating a Butterfly Garden


Introduction

  • Wildlife habitat is being destroyed

    • Commercial development

    • Residential development

  • Butterfly gardening encourages habitat restoration


Introduction

Freedigitalphotos.net

Minnesota – 200 species

Adult lifespan – 2 weeks

Several generations each season

Some hibernate, others migrate


Butterfly Gardening Can Be Easy!

  • Provides host plant for larval growth and adult feeding

  • Uses native and horticultural cultivars of annuals and perennials

    • Sip nectar

    • Lay eggs

    • Source of food


Why?

Encourages the establishment of butterfly populations

Butterflies return year after year

Environmental stewardship

Personal enjoyment!


Butterfly or Moth?

  • The insect order Lepidoptera consists of butterflies and moths

    • Butterflies – 8% of species

    • Moths – 92% of species


Butterfly or Moth?

Peacock Butterfly photograph by Leon Truscott

  • Butterflies are brightly colored

    • Advertises distastefulness to predators

    • Females look for noxious host plants to lay their eggs

    • Distasteful to birds


Butterfly or Moth?

US Forest Service

Moths are dully colored

Lack functional mouth parts

Highly palatable to

birds

Most are active

after dusk






Black Swallowtail

www.genehanson.com


Spicebush Swallowtail

www.genehanson.com


Checkered White

www.genehanson.com


Small Copper

www.genehanson.com


Variegated Fritillary

birdsbeesandbutterflies.com


Great Spangled Fritillary

www.simplybutterflies.com


American Copper

www.simplybutterflies.com


American Painted Lady

New Mexico State University


Monarch

Texas Parks and Wildlife


Checkered Skipper

www.genehanson.com


Red Admiral

Discover butterflies.com


Behaviors to Watch

  • Feeding

    • Use flower nector as primary food source

    • Required for energy/flight

bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au


Behaviors to Watch

  • Feeding

    • Some suggested nectar plants for adult butterflies :


Blueberries (Vaccinium)

bartlettsblueberryfarm.com


Butterfly Bush (Buddleia)

Photographer: Marie


Lilac (Syringa)

www.mountainspringscentre


Coneflowers (Echinacea)


Impatiens (Impatiens)

M. Myers


Marigolds (Tagetes)

Gardening Paradise


Phlox (Paniculata)

GardenWeb.com



Aster (Aster)

Ark Master Gardeners


Bee Balm (Monarda)

Photograph by G. Fauske


Sedum (Sedum)

DailyEncouragement.net


Behaviors to Watch

  • Basking

    • Butterflies are cold-blooded

    • They fly best when air temperatures range from 75-90º

    • Basks in sun to warm up

static.flickr.com


Behaviors to Watch

  • Puddling

    • Congregate at wet edge of mud puddles or wet sandy areas

    • Fluids rich in salts and nutrients

    • Required to mate successfully

www.learner.org/


Behaviors to Watch

  • Patrolling and Perching

    • Males search out females for mating

    • Fly over areas where females are laying eggs

    • Perch on tall plants for lookout

Photo by Alice Russell


Behaviors to Watch

  • Mating

    • Flight patterns differ in courtship

    • Males fly behind female

    • Flutter wings more than usual

aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu


Behaviors to Watch

  • Egg Laying

    • Female flying over plants

    • Touches down quickly

    • May drum on leaf surface with feet

aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu


Creating a Butterfly Garden

  • Host Plants

    • Group flowers of similar color together

    • Select nectar producing plants

    • Provide flowers that bloom throughout season

    • More active mid to late summer



Creating a Butterfly Garden

  • Host Plants (continued)

    • Supplement with home-made feeders

    • Must provide for caterpillars

      • Milkweed

      • Butterfly weed

      • Dill

      • Parsley

      • Nettles



Creating a Butterfly Garden

  • Habitat

    • Shelter (protection)

      • Lay eggs

      • Predators

      • Wind

    • Don’t plant near birdhouses or feeders


Creating a Butterfly Garden

  • Habitat

    • Water Source

      • Wet Sand

      • Mud Puddle

i.ehow.com



Creating a Butterfly Garden

  • Eliminate the use of pesticides

    • Kills larvae and butterflies

    • Kills beneficial insects

    • Kills birds

  • Use oils, soaps and microbial insecticides only if necessary


Enjoy

References: Butterfly Gardening

Vera Krischikis an assistant professor, Department of Entomology and an extension specialist, Minnesota Extension Service. She is also the director of the Center for Urban Ecology and Sustainability, University of Minnesota

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies, Pyle

Cathy LeVahn

Cathy LeVahn


References links
References - Links

Butterfly Gardening; Krischik, Vera

http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/DG6711.html

Tall Garden Phlox for Minnesota Gardens; Brown, Deb

http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/DG1119.html

Sunflowers; MacKenzie, Jill

http://www.extension.umn.edu/projects/yardandgarden/ygbriefs/h118sunflowers.html


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