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Blood Basics. Blood. What is it?. There are four main components of blood. Red Blood Cells White Blood Cells Platelets Plasma. Blood. What is it?. Red Cells Contain hemoglobin and carry oxygen throughout the body White Cells Help fight infection . Blood. What is it?. Platelets

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blood what is it
Blood. What is it?
  • There are four main components of blood.
      • Red Blood Cells
      • White Blood Cells
      • Platelets
      • Plasma
blood what is it1
Blood. What is it?
  • Red Cells
  • Contain hemoglobin and carry oxygen throughout the body
  • White Cells
  • Help fight infection
blood what is it2
Blood. What is it?
  • Platelets
  • Help prevent massive blood loss by helping blood to clot
  • Plasma
  • Liquid portion of blood that carries platelets, red cells and proteins throughout the body
blood what is it3
Blood. What is it?
  • Blood Types
  • There are eight common blood types that include: A-, A+, B-, B+, O-, O+, AB- and AB+.
blood what is it4
Blood. What is it?
  • Blood Types
  • Blood type is an inherited trait. The chart below illustrates how blood types are determined.
blood what is it5
Blood. What is it?
  • Facts about blood
  • The average adult has 10 - 12 pints of blood in their body.
  • Blood is a perishable product with a shelf life of only 42 days and platelets only 5 days, so it must be replenished constantly – there is simply no substitute.
  • Under normal circumstances, about every two seconds someone in America will need blood.
who we are and what we do
Who We Are and What We Do
  • The Red Cross provides blood for patients in need,
  • collecting more than 40 percent of the nation’s
  • supply.
  • Single largest blood supplier in the United States
  • Trusted provider for patients in more than 3,000 hospitals
  • Maintains a national blood inventory management system
  • Participates in Rare Donor Registry
who we are and what we do1
Who We Are and What We Do
  • Other lines of service:
  • Disaster Services – Each year the Red Cross responds to more than 75,000 disasters – locally, nationally and worldwide. These services are free, a donated gift of the American people.
  • Armed Forces Emergency Services – The Red Cross operates an around-the-clock, around-the-world emergency communication network for the men and women of the armed forces and their families.
who we are and what we do2
Who We Are and What We Do
  • Health and Safety Outreach – The Red Cross has offered health and safety education for more than 90 years, helping to save lives and strengthen communities. Currently, the Red Cross provides training in:
    • First Aid/CPR/AED
    • Aquatics (lifeguarding, water safety)
    • Caregiving (babysitter’s training, family caregiving)
    • HIV/AIDS Education
  • International Humanitarian Services – A global network works to restore hope and dignity to the world’s most vulnerable people. International Services focuses on the following priority areas:
    • International Tracing
    • International Humanitarian Law
    • Malaria and Measles Initiatives
    • Disaster Preparedness and Response
blood donation and eligibility
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Whole Blood Donation
  • A unit of whole blood is collected from a volunteer donor.
  • After donation, the whole blood unit is separated into components.
blood donation and eligibility1
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Whole Blood Donation
  • The entire process lasts about 1 hour.
  • Donors can give every 56 days, up to 6 times per year.
  • Red blood cells have a shelf life of 42 days.
blood donation and eligibility2
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Whole Blood Donation
  • To be eligible to donate whole blood someone must:
  • Be 17 years old or 16 with a signed Red Cross parental/guardian consent form where state permits.
  • Weigh at least 110 lbs.
  • Be in good health.
blood donation and eligibility3
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Apheresis Platelet Donation
  • Platelet donation is an automated process where blood is drawn from a donor’s arm into a special machine. This machine separates the platelets and some plasma and returns the remaining blood components to the donor.
blood donation and eligibility4
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Apheresis Platelet Donation
  • The entire platelet donation process lasts about 1.5 to 2.5 hours.
  • Donors can give up to 24 times a year.
  • Platelets have a shelf life of 5 days.
blood donation and eligibility5
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Apheresis Platelet Donation
  • To be eligible to donate platelets someone must:
  • Be at least 17 years old.
  • Weigh at least 110 lbs.
  • Be in good health.
  • Not have taken aspirin in the past 48 hours.
blood donation and eligibility6
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Double Red Cell Donation
  • An automated process where the red blood cells are separated by a machine and reserved while the remaining blood components are returned to the donor.
blood donation and eligibility7
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Double Red Cell Donation
  • The entire double red cell donation process lasts about 1 hour and 25 minutes.
  • Donors can give every 112 days up to 3 times per year.
  • Red blood cells have a shelf life of 42 days.
blood donation and eligibility8
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Double Red Cell Donation
  • To be eligible to donate double red cells someone must:
  • Be at least 17 years old.
  • Males: Weigh 150 lbs. or more and be 5’1” or taller.
  • Females: Weigh 175 lbs. or more and be 5’5” or taller.
  • Be in good health.
blood donation and eligibility9
Blood Donation and Eligibility
  • Steps in the Donation Process
  • Registration
  • Health History and Mini-physical
  • Donation
  • Refreshments
blood safety
Blood Safety
  • The blood supply is safer today than it has
  • ever been.
  • Because blood is a prescription drug, it is regulated carefully by the Food and Drug Administration.
  • In addition to the FDA requirements, the American Red Cross has implemented many safety precautions.
  • About 12 tests are performed on every blood donation.
blood donation it makes a difference
Blood Donation: It Makes A Difference
  • What happens to blood after donation?
blood donation it makes a difference1
Blood Donation: It Makes A Difference
  • Hospital patients
  • undergoing surgeries
  • and treatments can
  • require various amounts
  • of blood products.
blood donation it makes a difference2
Blood Donation: It Makes A Difference
  • Who is helped by blood donation?
  • Every day more than 38,000 blood products are needed to treat people with serious medical conditions – people like Elise.
  • Elise was born with a life-threatening heart defect. In order to save her life, Elise had to undergo an eight-hour surgery to fix her heart defect. She required 22 units of whole blood and clotting factors to make her body strong enough for surgery.
blood donation it makes a difference3
Blood Donation: It Makes A Difference
  • “Thank you to all of the donors who help people like Elise, who so desperately need a second chance at life.”
  • -Terri Punke, Elise’s Mom
  • To find out more about how you can help save lives by donating blood or sponsoring a blood drive, please call1.800.GIVE.LIFEor go online togivebloodgivelife.org.
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