The case of diaccia botrona wetland nature reserve
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The case of Diaccia Botrona Wetland Nature Reserve. PhD Students: Adele Del Sordi and Fabiana Sacchetti Course of “Decisional Processes and Public Policy” Professor: Bruno Dente PhD Programme in “Political Systems and Institutional Change” – XXIII cycle A.Y. 2008/09

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The case of Diaccia Botrona Wetland Nature Reserve

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The case of diaccia botrona wetland nature reserve

The case of Diaccia Botrona Wetland Nature Reserve

PhD Students: Adele Del Sordi and Fabiana Sacchetti

Course of “Decisional Processes and Public Policy”

Professor: Bruno Dente

PhD Programme in “Political Systems and Institutional Change” – XXIII cycle

A.Y. 2008/09

IMT Institute for Advanced Studies, Lucca


The phases

The phases

  • 1976 – March 1990

  • March 1990 – May 1993

  • May 1993 – February 1996


First phase 1976 march 1990

First phase: 1976 – March 1990

  • Main problem: whether to transform the Diaccia Botrona marshlands into a protected area

  • Stake: status and management of the area (if)

  • Pattern of interaction: confrontation


First phase 1976 march 1990 2

First phase: 1976 – March 1990 (2)

List of actors


First phase 1976 march 1990 3

First phase: 1976 – March 1990 (3)

List of actors


First phase 1976 march 1990 4

First phase: 1976 – March 1990 (4)

The form of the network

Judicial Authorities

Federcaccia

Ministry of Environment

Private Businesses

Ministry of Finance

Provincial Gov’t of Grosseto

WWF

LIPU

Local authorities

European Community

Environmental associations

Density: Σκi/n2-n = 18/(112-11) = 0.16


First phase 1976 march 1990 5

First phase: 1976 – March 1990 (5)

Complexity = 3 x 4 = 12


Second phase march 1990 may 1993

Second phase: March 1990 – May 1993

  • Main problem: find the most appropriate solution for transforming the Diaccia Botrona marshlands into a protected area

  • Stake: status and management of the area (how)

  • Pattern of interaction: bargaining


Second phase march 1990 may 1993 2

Second phase: March 1990 – May 1993 (2)

List of actors


Second phase march 1990 may 1993 3

Second phase: March 1990 – May 1993 (3)

List of actors


Second phase march 1990 may 1993 4

Second phase: March 1990 – May 1993 (4)

The form of the network

Federcaccia

EU Commissioner

LIPU

WWF

Local authorities

Provincial Gov’t of Grosseto

Ministry of Environment

Regional Gov’t of Tuscany

Green Party

Constitutional Court

Density: Σκi/n2-n = 20/(102-10) = 0.22


Second phase march 1990 may 1993 41

Second phase: March 1990 – May 1993 (4)

Complexity = 4 x 5 = 20


Third phase may 1993 feb 1996

Third phase: May 1993 – Feb 1996

  • Main problem: given the consensus reached on the idea of protecting the area, the problem is how to implement the conservation of the Diaccia Botrona marshlands

  • Stake: implementation of the conservation program, including a social and economic development plan of the area

  • Pattern of interaction: bargaining/collaboration


Third phase may 1993 feb 1996 2

Third phase: May 1993 – Feb 1996 (2)

List of actors


Third phase may 1993 feb 1996 3

Third phase: May 1993 – Feb 1996 (3)

List of actors


Third phase may 1993 feb 1996 4

Third phase: May 1993 – Feb 1996 (4)

The form of the network

Arcicaccia

Federcaccia

Ministry of Environment

WWF

Provincial Gov’t of Grosseto

Local authorities

Judicial Authorities

Regional Gov’t of Tuscany

Density: Σκi/n2-n = 15/(82-8) = 0.27


Third phase may 1993 feb 1996 5

Third phase: May 1993 – Feb 1996 (5)

Complexity = 3 x 5 = 15


Critical factors for decisional success

Critical factors for decisional success

  • Initial conditions:

    • Non turbulent environment (+)

    • No plenty of resources for the promoter (-)

    • No collaboration between actors (-)

    • Zero-sum game (-) but potentially turning into a positive-sum game because it is a regulatory policy (concentrated costs and distributed benefits) the benefits of the winners can be much higher than the costs of the losers.


Strategies for decisional success

Strategies for decisional success

  • Manipulating the pattern of interaction

    • From confrontation to bargaining/collaboration

    • First phase: just unilateral initiatives of the opposing parts directed to the competent bodies

    • Then: Public Meeting (1990), attempts of coordination after Rutelli’s ordinance (1993), Public Meeting (Aug 1993), Protocol of Agreement (March 1994)


Strategies for decisional success 2

Strategies for decisional success (2)

  • Manipulating the stake

    • Enlargement of the stake from a simple “preservation of the area” to a larger “protection”, including a social and economic development plan and the granting of an hunting area.


Strategies for decisional success 3

Strategies for decisional success (3)

  • Manipulating the network

    • Increasing the Density (0.16 0.2 0.27) through the organization of collective events involving the main actors in order to rapproach their positions and overcome the mistrust

    • The increase of Complexity is not a crucial factor but plays a marginal role

    • On the contrary, a critical factor is that in the II phase the local authorities enter the scene with a new role (ally promoter/director), with the change of the stake and the inclusion of a socio-economic development plan


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