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Latin America PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Latin America. ITS LIBERATION AND ITS LIBERATOR . colonization. Two major players Spain Portugal Spain West Portugal East. Want for independence . Why? Spanish government applying restrictions Inspiration Haitian Revolution Criollo Locally born Pure or mostly Spanish ancestry .

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Latin America

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Latin america

Latin America

ITS LIBERATION AND ITS LIBERATOR


Colonization

colonization

  • Two major players

    • Spain

    • Portugal

  • Spain

    • West

  • Portugal

    • East


Want for independence

Want for independence

  • Why?

    • Spanish government applying restrictions

  • Inspiration

    • Haitian Revolution

  • Criollo

    • Locally born

    • Pure or mostly Spanish ancestry


Want for independence1

Want for independence

  • Junta

    • a small group ruling a country, especially immediately after a coup d'état and before a legally constituted government has been instituted.

    • a council.

    • a deliberative or administrative council, especially in Spain and Latin America


Simon bolivar

Simon bolivar

  • The Great Liberator

  • Military command in New Granada

  • 1821

    • Campaigns into Venezuela

  • 1822

    • Campaigns into Ecuador

  • 1821

    • Gran Columbia formed

    • Became president

    • Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panamma


Simon bolivar1

Simon bolivar

  • 1824

    • Peru

    • Became the dictator

  • Congress of Upper Peru

    • August 6, 1825

    • Republic of Bolivia created


Latin america

Map of Latin America in 1830s


Caudillos

caudillos

  • Political military officers

  • After independence

    • Created a liberal government

    • Policy of liberalism could not be sustained

  • Civil governments fall

    • Military intervention

    • Civil rule to authoritarian military rule

  • Mestizos

    • European and Native American heritage

    • Criollo didn’t want their political participation


Caudillos1

CAUDILLOS

  • Lack of middle class

    • No middle class

    • No one to uphold liberalism

    • Those in government an elite

  • 1825

    • Caudillos took over the government


Latin america informal empire

Latin America & informal empire

  • The British

    • Controlled the sea routed between Europe and South America

    • Resisted the threat of the restoration of colonial rule

    • Obtained raw materials and agricultural produce from Argentina, Chile, Peru and Brazil

    • Republics imported British manufactured goods

    • From 1850s British technology used to build railroads and other engineering projects


Latin america and informal empire

Latin America and informal empire

  • The Americans

    • Monroe Doctrine

      • President James Monroe

      • Committed Washington to resisting any European intervention

    • Using protective traffics to allow for the establishment of its own industries

    • 1890s and onwards

      • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests

      • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests


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