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Bouncing Back:. The Neuroscience of Resilience and Well-Being Earthrise Center Conscious Living Workshop March 28-30, 2014. Bouncing Back. The Neuroscience of Resilience and Well-Being Linda Graham, MFT [email protected] www.lindagraham-mft.net 415-924-7765.

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Bouncing back

Bouncing Back:

The Neuroscience of Resilience and

Well-Being

Earthrise Center

Conscious Living Workshop

March 28-30, 2014


Bouncing back1

Bouncing Back

The Neuroscience of Resilience and

Well-Being

Linda Graham, MFT

[email protected]

www.lindagraham-mft.net

415-924-7765


Bouncing back

All the world is full of suffering.

It is also full of overcoming.

- Helen Keller


Resilience

Resilience

  • Deal with challenges and crises

  • Bounce back from adversity

  • Recover our balance and equilibrium

  • Find refuges and maximize resources

  • Cope skillfully, flexibly, adaptively

  • Shift perspectives, open to possibilities, create options, find meaning and purpose


6 c s of coping

6 C’s of Coping

  • Calm

  • Compassion

  • Clarity

  • Connections to Resources

  • Competence

  • Courage


Practices to accelerate brain change

Practices to Accelerate Brain Change

  • Presence – primes receptivity of brain

  • Intention/choice – activates plasticity

  • Perseverance – creates and installs change


Neuroscience of resilience

Neuroscience of Resilience

  • Neuroscience technology is 20 years old

  • Meditation shifts mood and perspective; impacts immune system and gene expression

  • Oxytocin can calm a panic attack in less than a minute

  • Kindness and comfort, early on, protects against later stress, trauma, psychopathology


Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity

  • Growing new neurons

  • Strengthening synaptic connections

  • Myelinating pathways – faster processing

  • Creating and altering brain structure and circuitry

  • Organizing and re-organizing functions of brain structures


Bouncing back

The brain is shaped by experience. And because we have a choice about what experiences we want to use to shape our brain, we have a responsibility to choose the experiences that will shape the brain toward the wise and the wholesome.

- Richard J. Davidson, PhD


Bouncing back

The field of neuroscience is so new,

we must be comfortable not only

venturing into the unknown

but into error.

- Richard Mendius, M.D.


Bouncing back

Evolutionary legacy

Genetic templates

Family of origin conditioning

Norms-expectations of culture-society

Who we are and how we cope….

…is not our fault.


Bouncing back

  • Given neuroplasticity

  • And choices of self-directed neuroplasticity

  • Who we are and how we cope…

  • …is our responsibility


Conditioning

Conditioning

  • Experience causes neurons to fire

  • Repeated experiences, repeated neural firings

  • Neurons that fire together wire together

  • Strengthen synaptic connections

  • Connections stabilize into neural pathways

  • Conditioning is neutral, wires positive and negative


Pre frontal cortex

Pre-Frontal Cortex

  • Executive center of higher brain

  • Evolved most recently – makes us human

  • Development kindled in relationships

  • Matures the latest – 25 years of age

  • Evolutionary masterpiece

  • CEO of resilience


Functions of pre frontal cortex

Functions of Pre-Frontal Cortex

  • Regulate body and nervous system

  • Quell fear response of amygdala

  • Manage emotions

  • Attunement – felt sense of feelings

  • Empathy – making sense of expereince

  • Insight and self-knowing

  • Response flexibility


Mechanisms of brain change

Mechanisms of Brain Change

  • Conditioning

  • New Conditioning

  • Re-Conditioning

  • De-Conditioning


New conditioning

New Conditioning

  • Choose new experiences

    • Positive emotions, resonant relationships, self-compassion, self-acceptance

  • Create new learning, new memory

  • Encode new wiring

  • Install new pattern of response


Re conditioning

Re-conditioning

  • “Light up” neural networks

  • Juxtapose old negative with new positive

  • De-consolidation - re-consolidation

  • New rewires old


Modes of processing

Modes of Processing

  • Focused

    • Tasks and details

    • Self-referential

    • New conditioning and re-conditioning

  • De-focused

    • Default network

    • Mental play space

    • De-conditioning


De conditioning

De-Conditioning

  • De-focusing

  • Loosens grip

  • Creates mental play space

  • Plane of open possibilities

  • New insights, new behaviors


Keep calm and carry on

Keep Calm and Carry On

Serenity is not freedom from the storm

but peace amidst the storm.

- author unknown


Window of tolerance

Window of Tolerance

  • SNS – explore, play, create, produce…. OR

    Fight-flight-freeze

  • Baseline physiological equilibrium

  • Calm and relaxed, engaged and alert

  • WINDOW OF TOLERANCE

  • Relational and resilient

  • Equanimity

  • PNS – inner peace, serenity…. OR

    Numb out, collapse


Hand on the heart

Hand on the Heart

  • Touch

  • Deep breathing

  • Positive Emotions

    • Brakes on survival responses

  • Oxytocin – safety and trust

  • Relationships as resources


Oxytocin

Oxytocin

  • Hormone of safety and trust, bonding and belonging, calm and connect

  • Brain’s direct and immediate antidote to stress hormone cortisol

  • Can pre-empt stress response altogether


Calm through the body

Calm through the Body

  • Hand on the Heart

  • Body Scan

  • Progressive Muscle Relaxation

  • Movement Opposite


Calm friendly body scan

Calm – Friendly Body Scan

  • Awareness

  • Breathing gently into tension

  • Hello! and gratitude

  • Release tension, reduce trauma


Progressive muscle relaxation

Progressive Muscle Relaxation

  • Body cannot be tense and relaxed at the same time

  • Tense for 7 seconds, relax for 15

  • Focused attention calms the mind


Calm through movement

Calm through Movement

  • Body inhabits posture of difficult emotion (40 seconds

  • Body moves into opposite posture (40 seconds)

  • Body returns to first posture (20 seconds)

  • Body returns to second posture (20 seconds)

  • Body finds posture in the middle (30 seconds

  • Reflect on experience


Breathing for two equanimity

Breathing for Two - Equanimity

  • Partner A lies comfortably on the floor; closes eyes

  • Partner B sits near enough to place one hand on partner A’s hand, the other on the crown of partner A’s head

  • Partner A breathes normally, peacefully

  • Partner B synchronizes his/her breathing with partner

  • After three minutes, switch roles

  • Reflect on experience


Mindfulness and empathy

Mindfulness and Empathy

Awareness of what’s happening

(and our reactions to what’s happening)

Acceptance of what’s happening

(and our reactions to what’s happening)

Two most powerful agents of brain change known to science


Mindfulness comes to west

Mindfulness Comes to West

Mindfulness:

Focused attention on

present moment experience

without judgment or resistance.

- Jon Kabat-Zinn

Attention and allowing

Awareness and acceptance


Mindfulness

Mindfulness

  • Pause, become present

  • Notice and name

  • Step back, dis-entangle, reflect

  • Catch the moment; make a choice

  • Shift perspectives; shift states

  • Discern options

  • Choose wisely – let go of unwholesome, cultivate wholesome


Notice and name

Notice and Name

  • Thoughts as thoughts

  • Patterns of thoughts as patterns of thoughts

  • Cascades of emotions as cascades of emotions

  • States of mind as states of mind

  • Belief systems and identities as…

    • Mental contents, patterns of neural firing


Bouncing back

Between a stimulus and a response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom. The last of human freedoms is to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances.

- Viktor Frankl, Austrian psychiatrist, survivor of Auschwitz


Autobiography in five short chapters portia nelson

Autobiography in Five Short Chapters – Portia Nelson

I

I walk down the street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk

I fall in.

I am lost…I am helpless

It isn’t my fault.

It takes me forever to find a way out.


Bouncing back

II

I walk down the same street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I pretend I don’t see it.

I fall in again.

I can’t believe I’m in the same place

But, it isn’t my fault.

It still takes a long time to get out.


Bouncing back

III

I walk down the same street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I see it is there.

I still fall in…it’s a habit

My eyes are open,

I know where I am.

It is my fault.

I get out immediately.


Bouncing back

IV

I walk down the same street

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I walk around it.

V

I walk down another street.

-Portia Nelson


Resonance circuit

Resonance Circuit

  • Resonance – vibe, emotional contagion

  • Attunement – felt sense, explicit, non-verbal

  • Empathy – verbal, cognitive, coherent narrative

  • Compassion – concern, caring, help

  • Acceptance – pre-requisite for resilience and lasting change


Bouncing back

The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.

- Carl Rogers


Integration

Integration

  • Reflection

    • See clearly

  • Resonance

    • Embrace wholeheartedly


Bouncing back

Kindness is more important than wisdom,

And the recognition of that is the beginning of wisdom.

- Theodore Rubin


Neuroscience of empathy

Neuroscience of Empathy

  • Emotional communication is 93% non-verbal

  • Social engagement system – vagal brake

  • Dyadic regulation

  • Vagal brake

  • Fusiformgyrus regulates amygdala

  • Restores equilibrium


Compassion

Compassion

  • Respond to pain or suffering with an open heart, an interested mind, and a natural willingness to help.

  • Open to experience, activate care-giving, prime ourselves to act

  • “Left shift” in brain – more neural activity in left hemisphere – approach stance toward experience

  • Overcome negativity bias; become more optimistic, more flexible, better resources, better able to find solutions


Self compassion

Self-Compassion

  • Threat-protection system

    • Cortisol driven

  • Pleasure-reward system

    • Dopamine driven

  • Caregiving-soothing-comfort system

    • Oxytocin driven

    • Paul Gilbert, The Compassionate Mind


Self compassion1

Self-Compassion

  • Notice this is a moment of suffering

    • “Ouch! This hurts.”

  • What would be comforting here?

    • What would be helpful?

  • Open to larger perspective

    • “My” pain is “the” pain

    • I’m not the only one; I’m not alone


Mindful self compassion

Mindful Self-Compassion

  • Awareness of what’s happening

  • (and our reaction to what’s happening)

  • Acceptance of what’s happening

  • (and acceptance of our reaction)

  • Brain stays plastic, open to learning


The guest house rumi

The Guest House - Rumi

This being human is a guest-house.

Every morning a new arrival.

A joy, a depression, a meanness,

Some momentary awareness come

As an unexpected visitor.

Welcome and entertain them all!

Even if they’re a crowd of sorrows,

who violently sweep your house

empty of its furniture,

still, treat each guest honorably.


Bouncing back

He may be clearing you

out for some new delight.

The dark thought, the shame, the malice,

meet them at the door laughing,

and invite them in.

Be grateful for whoever comes,

because each has been sent

as a guide from beyond.

- Rumi


Self compassion break

Self-Compassion Break

  • Notice-recognize: this is a moment of suffering

    • Ouch! This hurts! This is hard!

  • Pause, breathe, hand on heart or cheek

    • Oh sweetheart!

  • Self-empathy

    • Of course this is painful, and I’m not the only one; I’m not alone

  • Drop into calm; hold moment with awareness; breathe in compassion and care

    • May I be free of suffering and the causes of suffering

  • Share experience with resonant other


Seeing ourselves as others see us

Seeing Ourselves as Others See Us

  • Imagine sitting across from someone who loves you unconditionally

  • Imagine switching places with them; see yourself as they see you; feel why they love you and delight in you; take in the good

  • Imagine being yourself again; taking in the love and affection coming to you; savor and absorb.


Deep listening

Deep Listening

The most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen. Just listen. Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention….A loving silence often has far more power to heal and to connect than the most well-intentioned words.

- Rachel Naomi Remen, M.D.


Deep listening1

Deep Listening

  • Listener asks speaker the question. Speaker answers honestly.

  • The speaker answers the repeating question for several rounds, deepening his/her understanding of his/her experience.

  • Listener and speaker switch roles.

  • Take a few moments to share reflections on the experience.


Questions for deep listening

Questions for Deep Listening

  • What brings you joy in your life?

  • What has brought you sorrow?

  • What worries you now?

  • When have you found courage in dark times?

  • What are you grateful for?

  • What are you proud of?


Clarity

Clarity

It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent. It is the one that is the most adaptive to change.

- Charles Darwin

Every moment brings a choice, and every choice has an impact.

Julia Butterfly Hill


Mindfulness of patterns

Mindfulness of Patterns

  • Thoughts as thoughts

  • Patterns of thoughts as patterns of thoughts

  • Cascades of emotions as cascades of emotions

  • States of mind as states of mind

  • Belief systems and identities as…

    • Mental contents, patterns of neural firing


Cues to practice ants to pats

Cues to Practice - ANTS to PATS

  • Identify habitual negative pattern of response

  • Identify new, positive response to counter/replace

  • Identify cue word or phrase to break automaticity and change the channel

  • Practice using the old pattern as a cue to use the cue word or phrase to trigger the new pattern.

  • Repeat the practice as many times as necessary


Modes of processing1

Modes of Processing

  • Focused

    • Tasks and details

    • Self-referential

    • New conditioning and re-conditioning

  • De-focused

    • Default network

    • Mental play space

    • De-conditioning


Mindfulness dissolves the stuff of self

Mindfulness Dissolves the Stuff of “Self”

  • Quantum physics investigates matter

    • Matter is more space than stuff

  • Mindfulness investigates “I”

    • Self is not static or fixed; is ever-changing, ever-unfolding

  • True Self is flow of beingness


Rest in simply being

Rest in Simply Being

  • Awareness of Awareness

  • Insights, epiphanies, revelations

    Wisdom teaches me I am nothing.

    Love teaches me I am everything.

    Between the two, my life flows.

    • - Sri Nisargadatta

  • Pre-frontal cortex toggles

  • Deeper brain integration


  • Bouncing back

    • Consciousness

    • True Nature

    • Wiser Self

    • Adult Self

    • Inner Child


    Brahma viharas

    Brahma Viharas

    • Loving Kindness

    • Compassion

    • Sympathetic Joy

    • Equanimity


    Connections to resources

    Connections to Resources

    • People

      • Love guards the heart from the abyss. - Mozart

    • Places

      • …I rest in the grace of the world…. – Berry

    • Practices

      • As an irrigator guides water to his field, as an archer aims an arrow, as a carpenter carves wood, the wise shape their lives. - Buddha


    Positive emotions behaviors

    Positive Emotions-Behaviors

    • Brain hard-wired to notice and remember negative and intense more than positive and subtle; how we survive as individuals and as a species

    • Leads to tendency to avoid experience

    • Positive emotions activate “left shift,” brain is more open to approaching experience, learning, and action


    Positive emotions

    Positive Emotions

    GratitudeAweGenerosity

    CompassionDelight

    Serenity Love Curiosity

    Kindness Joy Trust


    Positive emotions1

    Positive Emotions

    • Less stress, anxiety, depression, loneliness

    • More friendships, social support, collaboration

    • Shift in perspectives, more optimism

    • More creativity, productivity

    • Better health, better sleep

    • Live on average 7-9 years longer


    Gratitude

    Gratitude

    • 2-minute free write

    • Gratitude journal

    • Gratitude buddy

    • Carry love and appreciation in your wallet


    Positivity portfolio

    Positivity Portfolio

    • Ask 10 friends to send cards or e-mails expressing appreciation of you

    • Assemble phrases on piece of paper

    • Tape to bathroom mirror or computer monitor, carry in wallet or purse

    • Read phrases 3 times a day for 30 days

    • Savor and appreciate


    Take in the good

    Take in the Good

    • Notice: in the moment or in memory

    • Enrich: the intensity, duration, novelty, personal relevance, multi-modality

    • Absorb: savor 10-20-30 seconds, felt sense in body


    The peace of wild things

    The Peace of Wild Things

    When despair for the world grows in me

    and I wake in the night at the least sound

    in fear of what my life and my children’s lives may be,

    I go and lie down where the wood drake

    rests in his beauty on the water, and the great heron feeds.

    I come into the peace of wild things

    who do not tax their lives with forethought

    of grief. I come into the presence of still water.

    And I feel above me the day-blind stars

    waiting with their light. For a time

    I rest in the grace of the world, and am free.

    - Wendell Berry


    Bouncing back

    One summer night, out on a flat headland, all but surrounded by the waters of the bay, the horizons were remote and distant rims on the edge of space. Millions of stars blazed in darkness, and on the far shore a few lights burned in cottages. Otherwise there was no reminder of human life. My companion and I were alone with the stars: the misty river of the Milky Way flowing across the sky, the patterns of the constellations standing out bright and clear, a blazing planet low on the horizon. It occurred to me that if this were a sight that could be seen only once in a century, this little headland would be thronged with spectators. But it can be seen many scores of night in any year, and so the lights burned in the cottages and the inhabitants probably gave not a thought to the beauty overhead; and because they could see it almost any night, perhaps they never will.

    - Rachel Carson


    Places as resources

    Places as Resources

    • Nature as refuge – re-Source

    • Nature is our biology, our being

    • We can create and notice shifts in perspective


    Shifting perspectives in nature

    Shifting Perspectives in Nature

    • BELLY BOTANY

    • Find a one square foot patch of earth. Observe for two minutes.

      • (light and shadow, movement and stillness, beauty and decay, life and death)

    • Shift your view to the larger landscape, all the way to the horizon.

    • Reflect on shift in perspective.


    People as resources

    People as Resources

    At times our own light goes out and is rekindled by the spark from another person.

    Each of us has cause to think with deep gratitude of those who have lighted the flame within us.

    - Albert Schweitzer


    Bouncing back

    The roots of resilience are to be found in the felt sense of being held in the heart and mind of an empathic, attuned, and self-possessed other.

    - Diana Fosha, PhD


    Attachment styles secure

    Attachment Styles - Secure

    • Parenting is attuned, empathic, responsive, comforting, soothing, helpful

    • Attachment develops safety and trust, and inner secure base

    • Stable and flexible focus and functioning

    • Open to learning

    • inner secure base provides buffer against stress, trauma, and psychopathology


    Insecure avoidant

    Insecure-Avoidant

    • Parenting is indifferent, neglectful, or critical, rejecting

    • Attachment is compulsively self-reliant

    • Stable, but not flexible

    • Focus on self or world, not others or emotions

    • Rigid, defensive, not open to learning

    • Neural cement


    Insecure anxious

    Insecure-Anxious

    • Parenting is inconsistent, unpredictable

    • Attachment is compulsive caregiving

    • Flexible, but not stable

    • Focus on other, not on self-world,

    • Less able to retain learning

    • Neural swamp


    Disorganized

    Disorganized

    • Parenting is frightening or abusive, or parent is “checked out,” not “there”

    • Attachment is fright without solution

    • Lack of focus

    • Moments of dissociation

    • Compartmentalization of trauma


    Coherent narrative

    Coherent Narrative

    • This is what happened.

    • This is what I did.

    • This has been the cost.

    • This is what I learned.

    • This is what I would do differently going forward.


    Bouncing back

    Ah, the comfort,

    The inexpressible comfort

    Of feeling safe with a person.

    Having neither to weigh out thoughts

    Nor words,

    But pouring them all right out, just as they are,

    Chaff and grain together;

    Certain that a faithful hand

    Will take them and sift them;

    Keeping what is worth keeping and,

    With the breath of kindness,

    Blow the rest away.

    - Dinah Craik


    Welcome them all

    Welcome Them All

    • Wiser Self welcomes to the “party”

    • characters that embody positive and negative parts of the self

    • with curiosity and acceptance of the message or gift of each part and

    • honors each part of the “inner committee”


    Shame de rails resilience

    Shame De-Rails Resilience

    Shame is the intensely painful feeling or experience of believing we are flawed and therefore unworthy of acceptance and belonging.

    Shame erodes the part of ourselves that believes we are capable of change. We cannot change and grow when we are in shame, and we can’t use shame to change ourselves or others.

    - Brene Brown, PhD


    Bouncing back

    Love makes your soul crawl out of its hiding place.

    - Zora Neale Hurston

    Love guards the heart from the abyss.

    - Mozart


    Bouncing back

    Just that action of paying attention to ourselves, that I care enough about myself, that I am worthy enough to pay attention to, starts to unlock some of those deep beliefs of unworthiness at a deeper level in the brain.

    - Elisha Goldstein


    Reconditioning

    Reconditioning

    • Memory de-consolidation – re-consolidation

    • “Light up” neural networks of problematic memory

    • Cause neural networks to fall apart temporarily and instantly rewire by:

    • Juxtaposing positive memory that directly contradicts or disconfirms;

    • Focused attention on juxtaposition of both memories held in simultaneous dual awareness

    • Causes the falling apart and the rewiring


    Reconditioning1

    Reconditioning

    • Anchor in present moment awareness

    • Resource with acceptance and goodness

    • Start with small negative memory

    • “Light up the networks”

    • Evoke positive memory that contradicts or disconfirms

    • Simultaneous dual awareness (or toggle)

    • Refresh and strengthen positive

    • Let go of negative

    • Rest in, savor positive

    • Reflect on shifts in perspective


    Wished for outcome

    Wished for Outcome

    • Evoke memory of what did happen

    • Imagine new behaviors, new players, new resolution

    • Hold new outcome in awareness, strengthening and refreshing

    • Notice shift in perspective of experience, of self


    Relational intelligence

    Relational Intelligence

    • Setting limits and boundaries

    • Negotiating change

    • Resolving conflicts

    • Repairing ruptures

    • Forgiveness


    Forgiveness i

    Forgiveness - I

    For the many ways that I have hurt and harmed myself, that I have betrayed or abandoned myself, out of fear, pain, and confusion, through action or inaction, in thought, word or deed, knowingly or unknowingly…

    I extend a full and heartfelt forgiveness. I forgive myself. I forgive myself.


    Forgiveness ii

    Forgiveness - II

    For the ways that I have hurt and harmed you, have betrayed or abandoned you, caused you suffering, knowingly or unknowingly, out of my pain, fear, anger, and confusion…

    I ask for your forgiveness, I ask for your forgiveness.


    Forgiveness iii

    Forgiveness - III

    For the many ways that others have hurt, wounded, or harmed me, out of fear, pain, confusion, and anger…

    I have carried this pain in my heart long enough. To the extent that I am ready, I offer you forgiveness. To those who have caused me harm, I offer my forgiveness, I forgive you.


    Human brain evolutionary masterpiece

    Human Brain:Evolutionary Masterpiece

    • 100 billion neurons

      • Each neuron contains the entire human genome

      • Neurons “fire” hundreds of time per second

    • Neurons connect to 5,000-7,000 other neurons

    • Trillions of synaptic connections

    • As many connections in single cubic centimeter of brain tissue as stars in Milky Way galaxy


    Brain care is self care

    Brain Care Is Self Care

    • Sleep

    • Nutrition

    • Movement-Exercise

    • Laughter

    • Hanging Out with Healthy Brains


    Sleep

    Sleep

    • Housekeeping

    • Reset nervous system

    • Consolidate learning

    • Take mental breaks


    How to sleep well

    How to Sleep Well

    • Stick to a sleep schedule

    • Pay attention to what you eat and drink

    • Create a bedtime ritual

    • Get comfortable

    • Limit daytime naps

    • Include physical activity in your daily routine

    • Manage stress

      • - Mayo Clinic


    Take mental breaks

    Take Mental Breaks

    • Focus on something else (positive is good)

    • Talk to someone else (resonant is good)

    • Move-walk somewhere else (nature is good)

    • Avoid adrenal fatigue


    Nutrition

    Nutrition

    • Less Caffeine

    • Less Sugar

    • More Protein


    Movement exercise

    Movement - Exercise

    • Oxygen – brain is 2% of body weight, uses 20% of body’s oxygen

    • Endorphins – feel good hormones, brighten the mind

    • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) - grow new brain cells, will migrate to where needed


    Laughter

    Laughter

    • Increases oxygen and blood flow, reduces risk of heart disease and stroke

    • Releases endorphins – body’s natural pain killer

    • Reduces stress hormone cortisol, lowers blood pressure

    • Triggers catecholamines, heightens alertness in brain

    • Releases tension in body, balances nervous system


    Laughter1

    Laughter

    • Promotes work productivity

      • Reduces stress

      • Promotes creativity and problem-solving

      • Reduces mistakes, increases efficiency

        Promotes group cohesion

    • Promotes learning (through play)

    • Eases loss, grief, trauma


    How to promote laughter

    How to Promote Laughter

    • Humor

      • A person without a sense of humor is like a wagon without springs – jolted by every pebble in the road. - Henry Ward Beecher

    • Play

      • Play, in short, prepares the brain to handle the unexpected. – Lee Alan Dugatkin

    • Playful resonance

      • Laughter is the closest distance between two people. – Victor Borge


    Hanging out with healthy brains

    Hanging Out with Healthy Brains

    • Brain is social organ; matures and learns best in interactions with other brains

    • Social engagement regulates nervous system

    • Resonant interactions prime the brain’s neuroplasticity; promotes learning and growth


    Practices to accelerate brain change1

    Practices to Accelerate Brain Change

    • Presence – primes receptivity of brain

    • Intention/choice – activates plasticity

    • Perseverance – creates and installs change


    Presence

    Presence

    To be present is far from trivial. It may be the hardest work in the world. And forget abou the “may be.” It is the hardest work in the world – at least to sustain presence. And the most important.

    - Jon Kabat-Zinn


    Intention

    Intention

    And the day came when the risk it took

    To stay tight inside the bud

    Was more painful

    than the risk it took to blossom.

    - Anais Nin


    Perseverance

    Perseverance

    How long should you try? Until. - Jim Rohn

    The difference between try and triumph is a little “umph.” – author unknown

    The greatest oak was once a little nut that held its ground. – Author unknown


    How to create a new habit

    How to Create a New Habit

    • Identify new behavior you want to cultivate

    • Identify reward for new behavior; how will you sense that reward in your body?

    • Identify first five seconds of new behavior

    • Identify cue to begin the first five seconds of behavior


    Competence

    Competence

    • Bodily felt sense of “Sure I can!”

    • Based on previous competence

      • No matter what, no matter how small

    • Ownership


    Learning model

    Learning Model

    • Unconscious Incompetence

    • Conscious Incompetence

    • Conscious Competence

    • Unconscious Competence


    Coherent narrative1

    Coherent Narrative

    • This is what happened.

    • This is what I did.

    • This has been the cost.

    • This is what I learned.

    • This is what I would do differently going forward.


    Find the gift in the mistake

    Find the Gift in the Mistake

    • Regrettable Moment – Teachable Moment

    • What’s Right with this Wrong?

    • What’s the Lesson?

    • What’s the Cue to Act Differently?

    • Find the Gift in the Mistake


    Courage

    Courage

    It’s as wrong to deny the possible

    As it is to deny the problem.

    - Dennis Seleeby


    Courage1

    Courage

    A ship is safe in harbor, but that’s not what ships are for.

    - Grace Hopper

    Yes, risk-taking is inherently failure-prone.

    Otherwise, it would be called sure thing-taking

    - Tim McMahon


    Do one scary thing a day

    Do One Scary Thing a Day

    • Venture into New or Unknown

    • Somatic marker of “Uh, oh”

    • Dopamine disrupted

    • Cross threshold into new

    • Satisfaction, mastery

    • Dopamine restored


    Bouncing back

    I am no longer afraid of storms,

    For I am learning how to sail my ship.

    - Louisa May Alcott


    Mechanisms of brain change1

    Mechanisms of Brain Change

    • Conditioning

    • New Conditioning

    • Re-Conditioning

    • De-Conditioning


    Modes of processing2

    Modes of Processing

    • Focused

      • Tasks and details

      • Self-referential

      • New conditioning and re-conditioning

    • De-focused

      • Default network

      • Mental play space

      • De-conditioning


    Practices to accelerate brain change2

    Practices to Accelerate Brain Change

    • Presence – primes receptivity of brain

    • Intention/choice – activates plasticity

    • Perseverance – creates and installs change


    Bouncing back2

    Bouncing Back

    The Neuroscience of Resilience and

    Well-Being

    Linda Graham, MFT

    [email protected]

    www.lindagraham-mft.net

    415-924-7765


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