Tuesday april 5
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Tuesday, April 5 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Tuesday, April 5. Short notes on Transcendentalism Overview and summary of “The American Scholar” by Emerson Discussion questions Group discussion No homework. Romanticism  Transcendentalism .

Download Presentation

Tuesday, April 5

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Tuesday april 5

Tuesday, April 5

  • Short notes on Transcendentalism

  • Overview and summary of “The American Scholar” by Emerson

  • Discussion questions

  • Group discussion

  • No homework


Romanticism transcendentalism

Romanticism Transcendentalism

  • Transcendental movement may be described as a slightly later, American outgrowth of romanticism.

  • Rooted in Kant’s belief that “all knowledge is transcendental which is concerned not with objects but with our mode of knowing objects”

    • Romanticism  feeling, individual perception

    • German idealism and optimism

    • Hindu thought


Emerson s definition

Emerson’s Definition

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature (1836)

"Standing on the bare ground,--my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space,--all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball. I am nothing. I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or parcel of God" (996).


Transcendentalism 1835 ish to 1850 ish

Transcendentalism – 1835ish to 1850ish

  • Belief in an ideal spiritually that “transcends” the physical and is realized through the individual’s intuition.

  • Search for truth.


Transcendental club

Transcendental Club

  • The club was a meeting-place for these young thinkers and an organizing ground for their idealist frustration with the general state of American culture and society at the time.

  • Transcendentalism's “Flowers”

    • Utopianism

    • Socialism

    • Women’s rights

    • “free love”

    • Abolitionism

    • Environmentalism


Henry david thoreau 1817 1862

Henry David Thoreau 1817-1862

  • Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings

  • Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government

  • "I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government”

  • “That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."


Ralph waldo emerson 1803 1882

Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803-1882

  • Champion of individualism.

  • Emerson wrote on a number of subjects, developing certain ideas such as individuality, freedom, the ability for man to realize almost anything, and the relationship between the soul and the surrounding world.

  • Philosophy of Transcendentalism discussed in his 1836 essay, Nature.

  • A year later, on August 31, 1837, Emerson delivered his now-famous Phi Beta Kappa address, "The American Scholar”.


The american scholar

“The American Scholar”

  • At the time, women were barred from higher education, and scholarship was reserved exclusively for men.

  • America's "Intellectual Declaration of Independence”.

  • Emerson urged Americans to create a writing style all their own and free from Europe.

  • A student at Harvard called it, "an event without former parallel”.

  • Another member of the audience, Reverend John Pierce, called it "an apparently incoherent and unintelligible address”.


The american scholar 1837

“The American Scholar” 1837

  • The text begins with an introduction (paragraphs 1-6) in which Emerson explains that his intent is to explore the scholar as one function of the whole human being: The scholar is "Man Thinking."

  • The remainder of the essay is organized into four sections:

    • The influence of nature (paragraphs 7 and 8)

    • The influence of the past and books (paragraphs 9 -18)

    • The influence of action on the education of the thinking man (paragraphs 19-27)

    • In the last section (paragraphs 28-41), Emerson considers the duties of the scholar and then discusses his views of America in his own time.


Number the paragraphs of the essay 1 41

Number the paragraphs of the essay 1-41

  • Page 1 -1 to 6

  • Page 2 – 6 to 11

  • Page 3 – 11 to 16

  • Page 4 – 16 to 21

  • Page 5 – 21 to 27

  • Page 6 – 27 to 29

  • Page 7 – 30 to 33

  • Page 8 – 33 to 99

  • Page 9 – 40 and 41


Discussion activity

Discussion Activity

  • I will assign you an example of Transcendentalism to focus on (from the chart handout).

    • Find quotes and examples and provide explanations.

  • After you have finished step 1, answer the questions on the handout.

  • Cite examples using page and paragraph #

  • Turn in one handout per group (make sure all group member names are on it). Please get into groups of 3 – 4.


  • Discussion of the american scholar

    Discussion of “The American Scholar”

    • You will lead the discussion for your group’s assigned questions.

    • Everyone should participate in the discussion, even if it’s not your group’s assigned question.


  • Login