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3D Auto CAD 3ds Max. By Er Gurbakshish singh Lect Civil Engg . Govt Poly. College Girls Patiala. Introduction. Auto CAD is a CAD (Computer Aided Design or Computer Aided Drafting) software application for 2D and 3D designand drafting .

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3DAuto CAD

3ds Max

By

ErGurbakshishsingh

Lect Civil Engg.

Govt Poly. College Girls

Patiala


Introduction

  • Auto CAD is a CAD (Computer Aided Design or Computer Aided Drafting) software application for 2D and 3D designanddrafting.

  • Developed and sold by Autodesk, Inc. Initially released in late 1982.

  • It currently runs exclusively on Microsoft operating systems.



  • “AutoCAD is one of the most Industry? popular Computer Aided Design programs developed to help professionals design and analyze buildings or structures without having to draw up plans manually.




  • AutoCAD has many in-built tools largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work. to help architects or designers work on individual projects.

  • The software is comprehensive in its nature focusing more on 2D/3D renderings and also in corporatesindustry standards for design and animations.


Autocad
AutoCAD largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

FASHION INDUSTRY

ENGINEERING

ARCHITECTURE


Benefits of AutoCAD largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • User friendly software

  • Simple to use and saves time

  • Quickly create designs

  • Familiar to designers and engineers

  • Accessible and accurate with information


  • More Accurate than Hand Drawings largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Improved quality over hand drafting

  • Can be customized to suit the individual’s needs

  • Teaches a marketable skills


The AutoCAD Screen largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Modules largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Coordinate Syst largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.em

X, Y coordinate system


Some 2 D Auto CAD Drawings largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Features of Productivity largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Tools

Block of a Window


Block and External reference largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Block and External reference means sharing and reusing the resource of drawings.

  • You can easily to insert another drawing in current drawing.

  • you can not only define your block and attribute block, but also you can edit them easily with In-place

  • Edit function, by double-click, you can edit the relevant block.


Block and External reference largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Center largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Design Center offers you a convenient way to manage the issues of your drawing such as dimension style, blocks, text style, line types and layers.

  • Just drag and drop, you can apply them from any source drawing to your current drawing.


Design largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Centre (f2)


Plot & Plot style largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Once you have completed a drawing, you can use a number of methods to output the drawing.

You can plot the drawing on paper or create a file for use with another application.

In either case, you select the plot settings.


Plot & Plot style largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Features of 3D largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Designing


INTRODUCTION largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

- WHY 3-D?

  • You may have already figured out why CAD has many advantages over manual drafting.

  • One big advantage is that once you've drawn something, you shouldn't have to draw it again.


  • If you manually drew a house plan, largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work. you would have to draw a front elevation, side elevations, and possibly a perspective view.

  • With 3-D CAD model, you can generate views from any angle either inside or outside the house and animations.

  • Afterwards, if your client needs something changed, you can then make the changes once


  • You'll be learning the 3-D largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.concepts

  • in the following order:

    • Isometric Drawings (not true 3D)

    • Wire-frame (very basic 3D)

    • Surfaces / Regions (primitive 3D)

    • Solid Objects (advanced 3D)


3-D CAD TERMINOLOGY largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

2-D

A concept of displaying real-world objects on a flat surface showing only height and width. This system uses only the X and Y axes.

3-D

A way of displaying real-world object in a more natural way by adding depth to the height and width. This system uses the X Y and Z axes

Boolean operations

Commands that allow you to add, subtract or intersect solid objects in AutoCAD.


Isometric largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Drawing

A simple way of achieving a '3-D' appearance using 2-D drawing methods.

A basic solid building block. Examples would be boxes, cones, cylinders.

Primitive

Region

2-D area consisting of lines, arcs, etc.


Rendering largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

A complex way of adding photo-realistic qualities to a 3-D model you have created.

3-D model creating using solid 'building blocks'. This is the most accurate way of representing real-world objects in CAD.

Solid Model

UCS

The user co-ordinate system. This is defined by the person drawing to have easier access to portions of a 3-D model.


Wire-frame Model largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

A 3-D shape that is defined by lines and curves. A skeletal representation. Hidden line removal is not possible with this model.

Viewport

A window into your drawing showing a particular view. You can have several viewports on your screen. Different from the viewports used in plotting.


Extrude largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

The extrude command raises the shape of a 2D outline into a 3D solid. For example, a circle would be extruded into a cylinder.

Press Pull

Press pull command is used to raise shapes of 2D outline into 3 D in much simpler way or with single command.


3D largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Objects: Primitives

Box

Pyramid

Cone

Cylinder

Sphere


Creating Solids largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Extrude: It is the method to convert 2D figure into 3D giving it a specific hieght.


Sweep : largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Using this u can make any type of three 3D object on a given path.


Loft largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Creating Solids largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Slice Thickening Revolve


Materials largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Walkthrough largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

You can now fly or walk through your model using navigation similar to a first person video game. You can record, save, and play a scene. You can move the camera in such directions which you want to visualize.


Rendering largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

In Rendering we can create a photorealistic or realistically shaded image of a three dimensional wire frame or solid model.

It shades the scene's geometry using the lighting you've set up, the materials you've applied,

and environmental settings such as background and fog.


Design Integrity largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


3D Studio Max largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


The Product :- 3D Studio Max largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

3ds Max is a 3D modeling, animation and rendering program from the Media and Entertainment division of Autodesk, Inc., Widely used in the areas of Architecture, interactive games, visual effects for movies and industrial design models. It has strong modeling capabilities, a flexible plug in architecture and a long heritage on the Microsoft Windows platform.It is also used for movie effects and movie pre-visualization.


Users largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Product Overview largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


3DS-Max Window largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


2D & 3D largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Rectangular coordinate system


Primitive Parametric Modeling largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Numerical description of the object.

  • What are the parameters of:

    • Box (or cuboid)

      • Size, 3 dimensions

    • Cylinder

      • Height and radius

    • Sphere

      • Radius


Common 3D Primitives largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Cone

  • Sphere

  • GeoSphere

  • Teapot

  • Box

  • Tube

  • Cylinder

  • Taurus


Selection largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Hiding and freezing objects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

What is the difference?

Why use them?

Groups

“Separate scene objects into easy-to-select and easy-to-work-with groupings”

Working With Objects


2D to 3D Extrusion largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Transformations largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Geometric transformation

    • Mathematical operation

  • What are the three possible methods of transformation?

    • Position

    • Rotate

    • Scale


Align largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Flyout

  • Align

  • Quick Align

  • Normal Align

  • Place Highlight

  • Align Camera

  • Align to View


2D to 3D - Lathing largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Create a path

  • Choose an axis


2D to 3D – Sweep or Loft largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Create a 2D shape

  • Create a path

  • Cap or close the ends?


Compound Objects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Materials largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Defined

Created

Applied

Sample shots

Parameters

Shaders

Maps

Material Editor


Light Effect largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Light Effects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Light Effect largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Light Effect largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Light Effect largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Cameras largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • Virtual cameras duplicate the functions and controls of real-world cameras.

  • What controls does a real-world camera have?

    • Focal length

    • Field of View


Camera View largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Reflections & largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.Radiosity

  • Ray-tracing algorithm takes into account reflections and radiosity


Translucency and Refraction largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

  • A translucent material transmits light, but unlike a transparent material, it also scatters the light so those objects behind the material cannot be seen clearly

  • Simulate frosted and etched glass


You can use an image as a background largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

Environments


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Design Projects largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.


Thank You largely accepted as a standard for all CAD design and drafting work.

[email protected]


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