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Study Skills Workshop. Elena Pierazzo Richard Gardner 5 October 2012. Programme for the day. 10-11: How to cite, how to avoid plagiarism (EP) 11-12: Harvard Referencing System (RG) 12-13:30: lunch break

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Study Skills Workshop

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Study skills workshop

Study Skills Workshop

Elena Pierazzo

Richard Gardner

5 October 2012


Programme for the day

Programme for the day

  • 10-11: How to cite, how to avoid plagiarism (EP)

  • 11-12: Harvard Referencing System (RG)

  • 12-13:30: lunch break

  • 13:30-14:30: Managing bibliography and citation online: Introduction to Zotero and use of the King’s College London Zotero style sheet (RG)

  • 14:30-16: How to write an essay, how to write a project report


Citing

Citing

  • Why it is so important

  • Scientific Method

  • Academic writing


Scholarly method history

Scholarly Method: history

aka The Enlightenment University

First Free Universities in C18 Germany

"free as in speech"

independent from Church and goverment

Established need for rational argument

No ex cathedra pronouncements

Reproducible evidence and method

Citation of previous scholarship


Asynchronous collaboration

Asynchronous Collaboration

Scholar A does research

20 years later, writes book, includes citations

book published

30 years later, Scholar B reads book

follows citations

reproduces experimental methodology

disagrees with results

new research

20 years later, writes new book

includes Scholar A among citations

This is collaboration

even if they never meet


Scholarly method recap

Scholarly Method: recap

Experimental Physics

cite earlier theory and experiments

credit all collaborators

document experimental method reproducibly

Theoretical Literary Criticism

cite earlier critics (to show insane)

credit all proponents of your theory

document argumentation painstakingly

footnote everything


Purpose of reading relevant literature

Purpose of reading relevant literature

  • Identify work already done (and in progress)

  • Prevents duplication

  • Avoid pitfalls and errors of earlier research

    • Popper: all success built on failure

  • Help design methodology

  • Find gaps in existing research

  • Find your own “original” point of view


What s wrong with this

What’s wrong with this?

“The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) developed a system to control culture in order to erase ethnic background and produces citizens with a common identifications, including a common language.”


What s wrong with this1

What’s wrong with this?

“According to historians, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) developed a system to control culture in order to erase ethnic background and produces citizens with a common identifications, including a common language.”


Study skills workshop

“According to White 2009 and earlier research reported by him, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) developed a system to control culture in order to erase ethnic background and produces citizens with a common identifications, including a common language (pp. 43-44).”


Plagiarism

PLAGIARISM

  • A serious offence

  • An insidious problem

    Source for this section: Department of War Studies, King’s College London


Plagiarism1

PLAGIARISM

‘The taking and using as one’s own of the thoughts, writing or inventions of another’ (Oxford English Dictionary)


King s regulations

King’s Regulations

Plagiarism is the taking of another person’s thoughts, words, results, judgements, ideas, images etc., and presenting them as your own. All work submitted as part of the requirements for any examination or assessment of the College must be expressed in the student’s own words and incorporate their own ideas and judgments. Direct quotations from the published or unpublished work of others, including that of other students, mustalways be identified as such by being placed inside quotation marks with a full reference to the source provided in the proper form.


Study skills workshop

Paraphrasing – using other words to express another person’s ideas or judgments – must also be acknowledged and referenced in the appropriate manner. In the same way, the authors of images and audiovisual presentations must be acknowledged.


Examples of plagiarism include but are not limited to

Examples of plagiarism include but are not limited to:

  • Copying ~ a student should not copy someone else’s work or thoughts and pass this off as their own, even if s/he has their permission;

  • Copying~ a student should not insert the writing or thoughts of others into their written work without the correct referencing;

  • Copy and paste ~ a student may not copy text verbatim and pass this off as their own, without using quotation marks and citing the original source;

  • Paraphrasing~ avoid closely paraphrasing someone else’s work (e.g. by changing the order of the words slightly); either quote the work directly using quotation marks or put the ideas completely in your own words. Remember either way you must acknowledge the source using the appropriate citation conventions

  • Self-plagiarism ~ when students submit the same piece of work (or a significant part thereof) for different assessments – students can only be given credit once for any given piece of work;

  • Essay banks ~ when students submit an assessment that has been written by a third party or obtained from a professional writing ‘service’.


Levels of plagiarism

Levels of Plagiarism

  • Minor plagiarism: plagiarism is less than 20% than the total assignment

  • Major plagiarism: second offence of a minor plagiarism; plagiarism is more than 20% of the total assignment


Plagiarism risks

Plagiarism risks


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Modern weapons are steadily pushing war under the carpet into environments where those weapons do not work.


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Modern weapons are steadily pushing war under the carpet into environments where those weapons do not work. (Van Creveld, 1991:32)


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Van Creveld sees Modern weapons as steadily pushing war under the carpet into environments where the weapons do not work. (Van Creveld, 1991:32)


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Because today’s weapons systems are so large, powerful, blundering and costly, war is becoming focused on places like cities where the weapons are ineffective.


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Van Creveld sees modern weapons as so costly and blundering that they are ‘steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet’. (Van Creveld, 1991:32)


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Van Creveld sees modern weapons technology as self-defeating. In his words:

So expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet…into environments where those weapons do not work. (Van Creveld, 1991:32)


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR ESSAY

Van Creveld sees modern weapons technology as self-defeating, because it encourages combatants to focus their efforts in places like cities where large weapons are ineffective. (1991:32)


Avoiding plagiarism

AVOIDING PLAGIARISM

  • Use multiple sources

  • Be careful in note taking


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR NOTES

Modern weapons steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet into environments where they don’t work.


Study skills workshop

YOUR NOTES

Modern weapons steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet into environments where they don’t work.

YOUR ESSAY

Modern weapons are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet into environments where the weapons do not work.


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR NOTES

Modern weapons steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet into environments where they don’t work.

YOUR ESSAY

Modern weapons are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet into environments where the weapons do not work.


Study skills workshop

SOURCE BOOKSo expensive, fast, indiscriminate, big, unmaneuverable and powerful have modern weapons become that they are steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet, as it were; that is into environments where those weapons do not work, and where men can therefore fight to their hearts’ contents.

YOUR NOTES

Modern weapons are so costly and blundering that they are ‘steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet...into environments where those weapons do not work’. (p.32)


Study skills workshop

YOUR ESSAYVan Creveld sees modern weapons as so costly and blundering that they are ‘steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet’. (1991:32)

YOUR NOTES

Modern weapons are so costly and blundering that they are ‘steadily pushing contemporary war under the carpet…into environments where those weapons do not work’. (p.32)


Turnitinuk

TurnitinUK

  • Built in within KEATS

  • Applied automatically to all your submissions

  • Check against plagiarism on a gigantic database of articles, books and all essays and dissertations ever submitted via TurnitinUK


File formats

File formats

  • Microsoft Word™ (DOC and DOCX)

  • Corel WordPerfect®

  • HTML

  • Adobe PostScript®

  • Plain text (TXT)

  • Rich Text Format (RTF)

  • Portable Document Format (PDF)

  • OpenOffice(ODT)

    The file size may not exceed 20 MB.


Originality report

Originality Report


Other ethical issues

Other Ethical issues

  • If anything you do involves people, you need approval from ethics committee

  • E.g.: interviews, surveys, user testing, focus groups

  • http://www.kcl.ac.uk/research/ethics/applicants/sshl/lowrisk.html

  • Give evidence of your interviews: “The curator of the museum told me…” IS NOT evidence unless you put the transcription of the interview in appendix


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