Study skills
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STUDY SKILLS. HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR RESULTS! HOW you study makes all the difference! We use our senses to collect and take in information. HANDS. EYES. EARS. This information is then stored in the sensory bank of our mind. Two things can happen. FORGOTTEN. ENTER: Short-Term Memory. OR.

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STUDY SKILLS

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Study skills

STUDY SKILLS

Learning Support Department


Study skills

HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR RESULTS!

HOW you study makes all the difference!

We use our senses to collect and take in information

Learning Support Department


Study skills

HANDS

EYES

EARS

This information is then stored in the sensory bank of our mind

Two things can happen

FORGOTTEN

ENTER:

Short-Term

Memory

OR

LOST

ENTER:

Long-Term

Memory

Learning Support Department


Study skills

Information Lost

(Information which is not important is ditched)

SENSORY MEMORY

Information Attended To

SHORT-TERM MEMORY

Information Lost

Limited duration:

– 18-30 seconds

Limited capacity: remember an average of 7 things

Information Attended To

THIS IS WHERE STUDENTS NEED TO PUT THINGS THEY WANT TO REMEMBER!!

LONG-TERM MEMORY

  • Unlimited capacity

  • Relatively permanent duration

  • Retrieval problem

Learning Support Department


Study skills

ENCODING FOR SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND

LONG-TERM MEMORY IS DIFFERENT

SHORT-TERM MEMORY (STM):

Likes auditory (average remember 7 things). (Visual – only stays there for 0.2 – 0.4 seconds.)

LONG-TERM MEMORY (LTM):

Stores information with MEANING.

(Memorising time is shortened if it has MEANING.)

Learning Support Department


Study skills

SHORT-TERM MEMORY (STM) EXAMPLES

(Read 15 words and remember them in order)

Flower

Wallaby

Vegemite

Flag

Phone

Astronaut

Oyster

Ant

Fence

Basketball

Stage

Mountain

Pigeon

Truck

Milk

A WALLABY ate a FLOWER with VEGEMITE and waving a FLAG when his PHONE rang. It was his friend the ASTRONAUT who wanted to buy a pet OYSTER and ANT. They met by the FENCE and decided to play BASKETBALL on the world’s biggest STAGE, but they had to climb the MOUNTAIN first. On the way they met their friend the PIGEON who was driving a TRUCK full of MILK!!!!

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Study skills

SHORT-TERM MEMORY (STM) EXAMPLE

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Study skills

MAKING NOTES SECTION

(Summarising)

Have a summary book

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Study skills

There are two different parts of studying effectively

How do we move information from SHORT-TERM MEMORY

to LONG-TERM MEMORY?

STUDYING

Learning Support Department


Study skills

LEARNING THE CONTENT

(some techniques to try)

  • Lists of key points

  • Acronyms (for example – FIRE PEN, ROY G BIV)

  • Cram cards

  • Teach someone else

  • Make mind maps, flowcharts, diagrams

  • Form pictures in your mind

  • Read – Recite – Recheck

  • Make up rhymes or songs to help you remember

  • Write out information over and over

  • Make recordings of information you need to learn

  • Form discussion or study groups

  • Have a parent or friend test you

  • Put up formulas and rules around the house

Learning Support Department


Study skills

  • LEARNING THE CONTENT

  • (some techniques to try)

  • Speak out loud the information you have read: this helps you to remember

  • Type what you remember without looking at your notes

  • Write out lists of questions as you read – and answer them

  • Use mnemonics (visual images)

  • Use acrostics (www.joglab.com –“do it yourself” acrostics site (e.g: Every Good Boy Deserves Fruit – to remember order of musical notes)

  • Chaining: Create a story. For example, if you had to remember the words “Napoleon, ear, door, Germany”, you could invent a story of Napoleon with his ear to a door, listening to people speak German).

Learning Support Department


Study skills

PRACTICING THE SKILLS

  • Re-do class exercises

  • Ask teacher for extra worksheets for revision

  • Practice writing under exam conditions

  • Do past exam/test papers under exam conditions

  • Do questions and submit to teacher for marking

  • Buy study guides or extra textbooks to try other questions

  • Keep a list of areas where you are weak or need to revise further

  • Do chapter reviews or summary questions

  • Add points into your summary book based on your revision exercises

  • Keep a list of things you need to ask your teacher about

Learning Support Department


General organisation

GENERAL ORGANISATION

AT SCHOOL

AT HOME

Find a good place to study. It should be easily accessible, free from interruption, tidy, and comfortable.

You should have a comfortable chair, good lighting, and all necessary equipment – pens, pencils, etc.

  • Keep your locker tidy

  • Paste in all your loose sheets or keep them in a folder

  • Make sure you get all “missed” notes

Learning Support Department


Exam techniques

EXAMTECHNIQUES

  • Time management is VERY important

    • Keep your eye on the clock

    • Allocate your time before you go in(don’t spend too much time on one question)

  • Use all the time that is allocated to you for taking the test

  • Start of exam:

    • READ all instructions CAREFULLY

    • LOOK through whole paper

    • LOOK at CHOICES (remember your strengths)

  • Memory dump (only once writing time has started)

  • Look at MARKALLOCATION

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Exam techniques1

EXAM TECHNIQUES

  • Have a good balance between writing NEATLY and QUICKLY – your writing MUST be legible

  • Don’t mix up the order in multiple choice questions

  • Attempt EVERY question

  • If you have a mental blank, leave it and go back to it later

  • Answer the questions you understand first and then do the rest (NUMBERCORRECTLY)

  • If you finish early – CHECK, CHECK, and RE-CHECK!!!

  • Drink water (DEHYDRATION causes enormous reduction in short term memory)

  • Don’t panic if the test is hard

  • Once it is over, don’t worry about it– focus on your next test

Learning Support Department


Find a good place to study

Find a Good Place to Study

  • It should be:

    • Easily accessible and available

    • Free from interruption

    • A tidy desk with place for your computer

    • Free from distractions

  • It should have:

    • A comfortable supportive chair

    • Good lighting

    • Pencils, pens, etc

    • Adequate fresh air

    • Calendar or term planner

  • DON’Tbe sidetracked!

Learning Support Department


Remember

REMEMBER

  • Study when you are at your best in terms of concentration

  • Match study conditions to exam conditions – the more closely retrieval conditions match the original conditions, the BETTER the RESULTS

Learning Support Department


Helpful hints

HELPFUL HINTS

  • Make lists of what you need to do

  • Set study goals – have a study planner

  • Take planned breaks (walk, snack)

  • Give yourself a reward when you have completed a task

  • If you are losing concentration – stand, stretch, take deep breaths

  • Better to do regular revision sessions (cramming does not guarantee long-term memory retention)

Hermann Ebbinghaus

“The Forgetting Curve”

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What type of learner are you

WHAT TYPE OF LEARNER ARE YOU?

Learning Styles: On-line test

http://www.metamath.com/multiple/multiple_choice_questions.html

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Long term memory test

LONG-TERM MEMORY TEST

Memorise the following list of words by reading DOWN the rows only once!

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Long term memory test1

LONG-TERM MEMORY TEST

Cover the words and write as many as you can recall – there are 28 words

The words were actually organised around categories. See how many words you can recall using the categories as clues:

DwellingsGeographical FeaturesMilitary Ranks

TreesMetalsFruits

Clothing

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Study skills

LONG-TERM MEMORY TEST

Did you recall more this time? What does this suggest about information stored in long-term memory?

THINGS HAVE TO HAVE MEANING IN ORDER FOR US TO REMEMBER THEM

Learning Support Department


Mnemonic visual imagery to organise information

MNEMONIC (VISUAL IMAGERY)TO ORGANISE INFORMATION

(More information: www.studygs.net)

Learning Support Department


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