Ce 303 introduction to construction
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CE 303: Introduction to Construction. Blueprint Lab. Building Construction I. Objectives. How to read Foundation Plans Commercial Framing Illustrations Reinforced Concrete Residential Framing Illustrations Dimensioning Plumbing Plans HVAC Plans Electrical Plans/Wiring Diagrams

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CE 303: Introduction to Construction

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Ce 303 introduction to construction

CE 303: Introduction to Construction

Blueprint Lab


Ce 303 introduction to construction

Building Construction I


Objectives

Objectives

  • How to read Foundation Plans

  • Commercial Framing Illustrations

  • Reinforced Concrete

  • Residential Framing Illustrations

  • Dimensioning

  • Plumbing Plans

  • HVAC Plans

  • Electrical Plans/Wiring Diagrams

  • Masonry Symbols

  • Welding Symbols


Foundation plans

Foundation Plans

  • Details of construction for the footings and foundation walls

  • Footings and walls must be very carefully laid out, as the rest of the building relies on their accuracy

  • Slab-on-grade is a concrete slab poured directly on the subgrade (basement floors, main floors, garage floors, etc..)


Ce 303 introduction to construction

column

centerline

column footings


Foundation wall and footing

Foundation Walland Footing

reinforcing

steel

Plan View

T/F 96’-6”

A

sometimes dashed

sometimes solid

Section View

T/F = Top of Footing Elevation


Ce 303 introduction to construction

Footer


Slab on grade plan view

Slab-on-Grade - Plan View

no joints

saw cut pattern


Commercial framing

Commercial Framing

  • Framework constructed of structural steel and/or reinforced concrete.

  • Framework is designed to transfer loads to columns of steel, thus eliminating the need for load bearing walls.

  • Two types of floor and roof framing systems.

    • One-way floor system (Girders run parallel to each other)

    • Two-way floor system (Beams and girders run in both directions)


Commercial framing con t

Commercial Framing (con’t)

  • Steel Beam and Column Designations

    • W20x48

      • Standard Wide Flange (W) Shape

      • 20” nominal depth

      • 48 lbs. per linear foot


Reinforced concrete floor systems one way

Reinforced Concretefloor systems - one way

Girder (resting on column)

Concrete beam


Reinforced concrete floor systems two way waffle

Reinforced Concretefloor systems - two way waffle

Waffle Pan or dome system


Commercial framing con t1

Commercial Framing (con’t)

  • Open web joists are used in commercial and industrial construction.

    • Support loads more efficiently than beams and are more economical.

  • Designation:

    • 60DLH15

      • D: Deep; L: Long-span; H: High Strength

      • 60: 60” depth; 15: indicates range of span from 70’ to 120’, from a load table.


Residential framing

Residential Framing

  • Similar to commercial framing

    • Beams and joists used to support floors

  • Wood members used instead of structural steel and concrete.

  • More members used in residential frames (weaker material and no large columns.)

  • Weight of floor supported by wall instead of columns.


Wood framing

Wood Framing

  • widely-used, widely-known

  • affordable

  • durable

  • dependable

  • flexible construction methods


Dimensioning

Dimensioning

  • for exterior walls

    • given to outside of stud

  • for interior

    • given to edge of stud or

    • centerline of stud

      check drawing carefully to verify the dimensioning practice followed for any given set of plans


Plumbing symbols

Plumbing Symbols


Plumbing information

Plumbing Information

shown on architectural floor plan


Hvac systems

HVAC Systems

  • heating

  • ventilating

  • air-conditioning

  • produces the movement of air within a building

  • involves controlling air

    • temperature

    • humidity

    • cleanliness


Hvac symbols

HVAC Symbols


Hvac plan

HVAC Plan


Ce 303 introduction to construction

Electrical Symbols


Electrical prints

Electrical Prints


Electrical prints1

Electrical Prints


Wiring diagrams

Wiring Diagrams

  • wiring details

  • correspond to a specific piece of equipment

    • power sources

    • sensors

    • gauges

    • other equipment

  • panel schedules

  • lighting schedules

  • equipment schedules

  • on-line diagrams


Various joints in concrete construction

Various Joints in Concrete Construction


Welding symbol

Welding Symbol

basic symbol


Welding symbols

Welding Symbols


Location of weld

Location of Weld

means all-around


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