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CONSTRUCTION OVERVIEW. What is your best source of information?. Internet Others. Standards. 29 CFR 1926 Construction Standard 29 CFR 1910: 1910.119 PSM CFR Part 68 112(r), “Clean Air Act” 1910.119 PSM.

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Standards l.jpg
Standards

  • 29 CFR 1926 Construction Standard

  • 29 CFR 1910:

    • 1910.119 PSM

  • CFR Part 68 112(r), “Clean Air Act”

    • 1910.119 PSM


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Most Frequently Cited Construction standards a the same time?

  • Handouts


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Fatality Information Construction standards a the same time?

  • Handout


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HAZCOM Construction standards a the same time?

  • “Right to Know” hazards of chemicals in workplace.

  • Chemical hazards communicated.

  • Material Safety Data Sheet.

  • One for all chemicals.


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Labels Construction standards a the same time?

  • Identify chemical.

  • Indicate hazard.

  • All containers labeled.


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Manufacturer Labels Construction standards a the same time?

  • Material

  • Hazard:

    • HEALTH

    • FIRE

    • REACTIVITY

  • Contact Number

  • Do not remove


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Chemical Exposure First Aid Construction standards a the same time?

  • Remove contaminated clothing

  • Safety shower 15 minutes

  • Seek medical attention.


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Personal Protective Equipment Construction standards a the same time?


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Personal Protective Equipment Construction standards a the same time?

  • Foot - ANSI Z41.1

  • Head - ANSI Z89.2

  • Hearing -

  • Eye & face - Z87.1

  • Respiratory - NIOSH

  • Harness, lifelines & lanyards

  • Working over or near water


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Other PPE Construction standards a the same time?

  • Job specific:

- hearing

- respirator

- welding hood/cutting goggles

- leather gloves

- protective clothing

- acid suit


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Fall Protection Construction standards a the same time?

  • > 6 feet

    • guardrail system

    • safety nets

    • personal arrest

  • Harness & lanyard

  • Always in manlifts

  • Ladders held & tied


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Definition of leading Edge Construction standards a the same time?

Exception:

creates greater hazard

Holes

Leading Edge Work


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Fall Protection - Safety Nets Construction standards a the same time?

Safety nets and safety net installations must be drop-tested at the jobsite:

  • After initial installation and before being used.

  • Whenever relocated.

  • After major repair.

  • At 6-month intervals if left in one place.


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Safety Nets Construction standards a the same time?

  • Working > 25 ft above surface

  • Where use other safety devices are impractical

  • No work until inspected & tested

  • Extend 8 ft beyond edge


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Vertical distance  Construction standards a the same time?from working level to horizontal plane of net

Minimum required horizontal distance of outer edge of net from the edge of the working surface

Up to 5 feet

8 feet

5 to 10 feet

10 feet

More than 10 feet

13 feet

Fall Protection - Safety Nets


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Working Over/Near Water Construction standards a the same time?

  • Life jacket

  • Inspected before and after each use for buoyancy

  • Ring buoys provided

  • Lifesaving skiff


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Fall Protection Construction standards a the same time?

  • Harness & lanyard

  • Tied off above

  • Always in manlifts


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Fall Protection - Guardrails Construction standards a the same time?

  • Top rail – 39-45”

  • Midrail / Toeboard

  • Intermediate <19”

  • 200 pounds force


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Fall Protection – Fall Arrest Construction standards a the same time?

  • < 1800lbs arresting force

  • <6ft free fall

  • Inspected before each use


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Purpose: Construction standards a the same time?

To warn others

Indicate danger

Keep people out

Types:

Tape (Red or Yellow)

Wood

Fence

Barricades


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Falling Objects Construction standards a the same time?


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Protection from impalement Construction standards a the same time?


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Ladders Construction standards a the same time?

  • Inspect before use

  • Firm support

  • 3 rungs above work level

  • 3 point climb

  • Never carry materials


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Scaffolding 1926.451 Construction standards a the same time?

  • Footing - sound & rigid

  • Erection, moving, dismantled or altered under direction of Competent person

  • Guardrail & toeboard > 10 ft

  • Handrail & midrail

  • 12 inch overlap of planking


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Visible at all times Construction standards a the same time?

Danger:

immediate hazard

red

Caution:

warn of potential hazards

unsafe practices

yellow

Accident Prevention Signs


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Exit Construction standards a the same time?

Safety Instruction

Traffic

Accident prevention tags

temporary

tools

equipment

etc

Accident Prevention Signs


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Permits Construction standards a the same time?

  • Confined Space Entry

  • Safe Work


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Hot Work Construction standards a the same time?

  • Work which produces fire or spark.

  • Welding, torch cutting, grinding.

  • Electric tools in hazardous locations.


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Hot Work Permit Construction standards a the same time?

  • Fire watch each level.

  • 30 minute check.

  • Expires after 15 minutes if unattended


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Confined Space - Definition Construction standards a the same time?

  • Large enough for entry .

  • Limited or restricted entry.

  • Not designed for continuous occupancy


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Permit Required Construction standards a the same time?

  • Hazardous atmosphere .

  • Engulfment hazard.

  • Inwardly converging walls.

  • Other recognized hazard


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Confined Space Labels Construction standards a the same time?


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Excavations - 1926.651 Construction standards a the same time?

  • Barricading

  • Shoring

  • Sloped walls

  • Confined Space?

  • Egress Ladder

  • Ground Fault (GFCI)

  • Keep dry

  • Handout


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Excavations - 1926.651 Construction standards a the same time?

  • Examine for utilities

  • Means of egress

    • > 4 ft deep

    • < 25 ft of travel

  • Barricading

  • Hazardous atmospheres

  • Protection from loose soil

  • Ground Fault (GFCI)

  • Daily inspection - competent person


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Inspect for what? Construction standards a the same time?

  • Cracks - spoils 2’ back

  • Water

  • Cave-in

  • Ladder

  • Shoring/sloping/box


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Excavation Protection Construction standards a the same time?

  • Sloping

  • Shoring

  • Trench box

  • Spoils 2’ back


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Excavations - 1926.652 Construction standards a the same time?

  • Exceptions to shoring:

    • entirely in rock

    • < 5 ft & ground examined by competent person showing no indication of potential cave-in


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Shoring & Slopes Construction standards a the same time?

  • Stable rock 90 deg

  • Type A - 3/4:1

  • Type B - 1:1

  • Type C - 1 1/2: 1

  • Handouts


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Steel Erection Standard Construction standards a the same time?

  • Handout


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Lockout, Tagout, Test Construction standards a the same time?

  • Isolate all energy sources:

    • electrical

    • mechanical

    • pneumatic

    • chemical

    • any other

  • Lockout

  • Tagout

  • Test to verify isolation


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Electrical Safety Construction standards a the same time?


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GFCI Construction standards a the same time?

  • Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters

  • All electric tools

  • Connect at source


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Handout Construction standards a the same time?

Grounding

equipment

system to earth

grounding electrode to earth

Bonding:

between 2 conductive objects

Grounding & Bonding


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Tools and Machines Construction standards a the same time?

  • Electrical cords not taped

  • Use the right tools for the job

  • Be aware of sub contractors

  • Protect others from flying particles

  • GFCI electric tools


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Injuries Construction standards a the same time?

  • Seek proper medical attention.

  • Report allImmediately.

  • EMS if necessary.

  • Clean up blood appropriately.


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Recordkeeping Construction standards a the same time?

  • OSHA 300 log


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Bloodborne Pathogens Construction standards a the same time?

  • Diseases carried by blood or body fluids.

  • Examples:

    • HIV

    • Hepatitis B & C.

  • Exposure by contact.


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Bloodborne Pathogens Construction standards a the same time?

  • How to handle:

    • Assume all body fluids are infected.

    • Wear rubber gloves.

  • Bleach & water solution for cleanup.

  • Red Bio-hazard bag for disposal.


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Crane Safety Construction standards a the same time?

  • Barricade hazard areas and post signs

  • Inspect before each use

  • Hand signals must conform to ANSI standard

  • Signs must be posted at job site


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Rigging - Types Construction standards a the same time?

  • Alloy steel chains

  • Wire rope

  • Natural & synthetic fiber

  • Synthetic webbing


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Shackles & Hooks Construction standards a the same time?

  • Hooks:

    • safety factor of 5

    • safety clasp

    • rated capacity

  • Shackles


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Wire Rope - “U” Bolts Construction standards a the same time?

  • Never saddle a dead horse?

  • “U” in contact with dead end

  • Handout


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Rigging - Slings Construction standards a the same time?

  • Inspect daily before use

  • Inspect:

    • wear

    • broken or worn stitches

    • red thread

    • burns

  • Other


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Rigging Construction standards a the same time?

  • Does angle change capacity of sling?

  • Handout & discussion


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Inspection & Testing Construction standards a the same time?

  • Daily before use

  • Periodic


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Operation of Equipment Construction standards a the same time?

  • Forklifts

  • Cranes

  • Etc


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Emergency Plans Construction standards a the same time?

  • In writing

  • Designated actions

  • Fire & other emergencies


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Escape procedures & route assignments Construction standards a the same time?

Procedures for those who remain

Accounting procedures

Rescue & medical duties

Means to report

Who to contact for further information

Training

Elements


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Exceptions Construction standards a the same time?

  • Written plan not required if:

    • less than 10 employees

    • plan communicated orally


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Industrial Hygiene Construction standards a the same time?

  • Asbestos

  • Lead

  • Silica

  • Welding Fumes

  • Other Chemicals


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PSM & RMP Requirements Construction standards a the same time?

  • Employer Responsibilities

  • Contractor Responsibilities


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Employer’s Responsibilities Construction standards a the same time?

  • Evaluate contractor’s safety performance and programs

  • Inform of know potential fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards

  • Applicable provisions of emergency action plan


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Employer’s Responsibilities Construction standards a the same time?

  • Development of safe work practices;

    • LOTO

    • Confined Space Entry

    • opening process equipment

    • control over site entrance


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Employer’s Responsibilities Construction standards a the same time?

  • Periodically evaluate contractor performance

  • Maintain contractor injury and illness log


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Contractor’s Responsibilities Construction standards a the same time?

  • Ensure each is trained in work practices necessary to safety perform work

  • Instructed in known potential fire, explosion or toxic release hazards

  • Applicable provisions of emergency action plan


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Contractor’s Responsibilities Construction standards a the same time?

  • Document that each employee has received and understood training.

  • Ensure employees follow safety rules of facility

  • Advise employer of any unique hazards


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Test Construction standards a the same time?


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